Qb Axial Skeleton
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1. The branch of medicine that deals with correction of disorders of the musculoskeletal system is called A) Rheumatics B) Podiatry C) Orthopedics D) Cardiology E) Dermatology
2. How many named bones are found in the adult human skeleton? A) 200 B) 206 C) 212 D) 227 E) 250
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A) The axial skeleton has 80 bones. B) The appendicular skeleton has 126 bones. C) The axial skeleton is composed of the bones that run through the axis of the body. D) Children have more bones than adults. E) The appendicular skeleton does not include the pelvic and pectoral girdles.
4. Which of the following bones is NOT part of the axial skeleton? A) Hyoid B) Ribs C) Vertebrae D) Carpals E) Sternum
5. Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton? A) Tarsals B) Tibia C) Sphenoid D) Scapula E) Clavicle
6. Briefly describe the five categories of bones found in the human body based on the shape of the bones.
7. Which of the following types of bone is the femur? A) Long bone B) Short bone C) Flat bone D) Irregular bone E) Sesamoid bone
8. Which following types of bone is the occipital bone? A) Long bone B) Short bone C) Flat bone D) Irregular bone E) Sesamoid bone
9. Which following types of bones comprise the ankles and wrists? A) Long bone B) Sutural bone C) Irregular bone D) Sesamoid bone E) Short bone
10. Which of the following is NOT true of surface markings on bone? A) They allow the passage of nerves and blood vessels. B) They provide sites of attachment for muscles. C) They allow bones to shorten or lengthen. D) They help form joints. E) They can be depressions or projections.
11. An opening or hole in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves and ligaments pass is called a A) fissure. B) foramen. C) fossa. D) meatus. E) sulcus.
12. A rounded articular projection supported on a constricted portion (neck) of a bone is called a A) foramen. B) condyle. C) tuberosity. D) head. E) trochanter.
13. A prominent ridge or elongated projection on a bone is called a A) crest. B) trochanter. C) sulcus. D) fossa. E) tubercle.
14. The tube-like passageway found in the temporal bone that allows sound waves to reach the eardrum is an example of which of the following bone surface markings? A) fissure. B) foramen. C) fossa. D) meatus. E) sulcus.
15. Bones in the following area protect the brain. A) Cranium B) Vertebral column C) Sacrum D) Face E) Ribcage
16. Which of the following cranial bones are paired bones in the human skull? A) temporal B) parietal C) sphenoid D) ethmoid E) more than one selection is correct
17. Which of following facial bones is a single (unpaired) bone in the human skull? A) maxilla B) nasal C) lacrimal D) mandible E) zygomatic
18. Which of the following is NOT a facial bone? A) Parietal B) Nasal C) Maxillae D) Zygomatic E) Palatine
19. Which of the following statements is NOT true with regard to bones of the skull? A) Some skull bones are covered with a mucous membrane. B) The only movable bone in the skull is the mandible. C) The bones of the skull contain foramina but no fissures. D) The facial bones provide support for the entrance of the digestive system. E) Some bones of the skull contain sinus cavities.
20. Which of the following bones is NOT visible from the anterior view of the skull? A) Parietal B) Frontal C) Mandible D) Occipital E) Maxilla
21. These cranial bones form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor. A) Frontal B) Temporal C) Parietal D) Occipital E) Nasal
22. These cranial bones contain the organs of hearing and balance, and articulate with the mandible. A) Frontal B) Temporal C) Parietal D) Occipital E) Nasal
23. The mastoid process A) is a rounded projection of the parietal bones. B) is the point of attachment for several neck muscles. C) is anterior to the external auditory meatus. D) is both is a rounded projection of the parietal bones and the point of attachment for several neck muscles. E) All of these answer choices are correct.
24. These projections found on both sides of the foramen magnum articulate with depressions on the first cervical vertebrae. A) Mastoid processes B) Mandibular condyles C) Foramen magnum D) Occipital condyles E) Sella turcica
25. Which cranial bone is called the keystone of the cranial floor because it articulates with every other cranial bone? A) Occipital B) Frontal C) Ethmoid D) Nasal E) Sphenoid
26. This cranial bone is anterior to the sphenoid and posterior to the nasal bones. It contains foramina for the olfactory cranial nerve. A) Ethmoid B) Frontal C) Palatine D) Maxilla E) Temporal
27. This facial bone articulates with teeth. A) Lacrimal B) Palatine C) Vomer D) Maxillae E) Nasal
28. Which of the following is NOT a facial bone? A) Vomer B) Palatine C) Lacrimal D) Occipital E) Mandible
29. Briefly describe the bones that make up the orbit of the eye. Include a description of the portion of the orbit formed by each bone.
30. Briefly describe the location of the four most prominent sutures of the skull including the articulating bones.
31. Briefly describe the function of the fontanels.
32. Briefly describe the function of the paranasal sinuses.
33. Briefly describe the six fontanels of the infant skull including their location, shape and time of closure.
34. Which bone of the axial skeleton does NOT articulate with any other bone? A) Vertebrae B) Ethmoid C) Sternum D) Hyoid E) Ilium
35. The hyoid bone is suspended by ligaments and muscle that extend from the _______ of the temporal bone. A) mastoid process B) styloid process C) occipital condyle D) zygomatic process E) superior nuchal line
36. Joe was found dead. His hyoid bone was broken. What was the most likely cause of death? A) Natural causes B) Cardiac arrest C) Gun shot D) Strangulation E) Choking
37. List and describe the number of bones found in all the regions of the adult vertebral column.
38. Ribs that have costal cartilage that attaches directly to the sternum are called A) floating ribs. B) vertebrochondral ribs. C) false ribs. D) true ribs. E) separated ribs.
39. The tubercle found on the neck of a rib articulates with a facet found on the A) spinous process of a thoracic vertebra. B) spinous process of a lumbar vertebra. C) transverse process of a thoracic vertebra. D) xiphoid process of the sternum. E) manubrium of the sternum.
40. What is the purpose of the nucleus pulposus region of intervertebral discs? A) To compress the vertebral bones B) To help absorb vertical shock to the spinal column C) Calcium storage D) Spinal fluid reservoir E) Muscle attachment
41. The two primary curves of the adult vertebral column are the A) thoracic and sacral curves. B) lumbar and sacral curves. C) cervical and lumbar curves. D) cervical and thoracic curves. E) cervical and sacral curves.
42. The primary function of the transverse and spinal processes of vertebrae is A) attachment site for muscles. B) calcium storage. C) to support the body of the vertebrae. D) to hold the hyoid in place. E) to create a passageway for the spinal cord
43. What bone marking found on the second cervical vertebra projects superiorly into the anterior portion of the vertebral foramen of the atlas? A) Primary projection B) Occular process C) Odontoid process D) Cervical projection E) Cervix
44. Which of the vertebrae listed below would be the largest and strongest vertebra in adult humans? A) C5 B) L4 C) T4 D) C7 E) T12
45. The inferior articular processes of the fifth sacral vertebrae that are found on either side of the sacral hiatus are called A) sacral cornua. B) coccygeal cornua. C) lateral sacral crests. D) anterior sacral foramina. E) median sacral crests.
46. Which gender shows the coccyx pointed inferiorly? A) Females B) Males C) Both genders D) The coccyx does not point inferiorly in either gender
47. The junction between the manubrium and the body of the sternum forms the A) suprasternal notch. B) xiphoid process. C) sternal angle. D) sternoclavicular joint. E) mandibular joint.
48. What is inflammation of one or more costal cartilage called? A) Costochondritis B) Arthritis C) Cartilaginous distension D) Otitis E) Intercostal space distension
49. In the diagram, which bone is the flat bone? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E
50. In the diagram, which bone is the short bone? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E
51. In the diagram, where is the ethmoid bone? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E
52. In the diagram, where is the lacrimal bone? A) E B) F C) G D) H E) I
53. In the diagram, which bone forms the greater portion of the sides and roof of the cranial cavity? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) G
54. In the diagram, which bone articulates with every other bone o