Psych Testing - Mays AP Psych

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Transcript of Psych Testing - Mays AP Psych

  • 1.

2. 3.

  • What is testing ?
  • Why do we have so many tests ?
  • What are the pros and cons to testing ?
  • How can we use testing to improve ?
  • What types of tests do we take ?

4.

  • A psychological test is a standardized measure of asampleof a persons behavior that is used to measure theindividual differencesthat exist among people.
  • The technical term for the science behind psychological testing ispsychometrics .
  • Samples of Behavior - one means observations of an individual performing tasks that have usually been prescribed beforehand
  • These responses are often compiled into statistical tables that allow the evaluator to compare the behavior of the individual being tested to the responses of a norm group.

5.

  • There are two types of Psychological tests.
    • Mental Ability tests
    • Personality tests
    • Both of these types of tests break off into subcategories of testing.

6.

  • Psychological tests are used in research, however, most serve a practical purpose such as schooling, job qualifications , etc.

7.

  • Includes three subcategories.
    • Intelligence tests
    • Aptitude tests
    • Achievement tests

8.

  • Measure general mental abilities.They are intendedto measure intellectual potential.

9.

  • Emily is four years old. Her big sister Amy is three times as old as Emily. How old will Amy be when she is twice as old as Emily?
  • WOLF is to FLOW as 8526 is to: 2856 - 6258 - 5862 - 5682 - 6852
  • Hanger is to closet as tree is to
  • A) Branch
  • B)Bushes
  • C) Forest
  • D) Ground
  • E) Nest
  • What would be the next number in this series? 15 ... 12 ... 13 ... 10 ... 11 ... 8 ... ?

10.

  • Aptitude Tests -Assess talent for specific kinds of learning.(clerical speed, mechanical reasoning, etc.)

11.

  • Are You a Self-Starter?
  • Climbing the ladder would bring a load of responsibility and pressure that I wouldn't want to carry.
  • If my boss or supervisor told me I were being promoted, the fact that they had so much confidence in my abilities would :

12.

  • Gauge a persons mastery and knowledge of various subjects

13.

  • Who was the 43 rdPresident of the United States?
  • What is 5x6 divided by 2?
  • How many branches of Government exist in the U.S.?

14.

  • Measure aspects of personality, including motives, interests, values, and attitudes .

15.

  • Using interpretation of "ambiguous designs" to assess an individual's personality
  • An idea that goes back to Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli. Interpretation of inkblots was central to a game from the late 19th century. Rorschach's, however, was the first systematic approach of this kind .

16.

  • Do you become upset when. . ?
  • Do you feel like you lose control when. .?
  • Are you happy when . . ?

17.

  • In order for a test to be accurate, it must meet the three standards below.
    • Standardization
    • Validity
    • Reliability

18.

  • Standardization is known as the uniform procedures used in administrating and scoring a test.
  • Test norms:information used to rank scores in relation to other scores on the test.

19.

  • Refers to the ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure.
  • Examples
  • What psychologist promoted introspection?
  • Who developed the four mechanisms for dreaming?
  • What school of psychology does Skinner belong to?

20.

  • Reliability refers to the measurement consistency of a test or other techniques.
  • Example
  • You take a personality test and are scored as assertive.Three weeks later you take the same test and are scored as passive.A drastic change is probably a result of an unreliable test.

21.

  • Test-Retest Method
    • Comparing subjects scores on two administrations of a test.
    • Correlation Coefficient
    • A numerical index of the degree of relationship (-1, +1)

22. 23.

  • Why do we have so many tests?
  • How can we use testing to improve . . .?
  • How does psychological testing apply to school, careers, sports, etc?