Processing of Turmeric, Chiilies and Garlic
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PROCESSING OF TURMERIC, CHIILIES AND GARLICby Tarsem Chand Department of Processing and Food Engg. P A U Ludhiana
TURMERIC PROCESSINGTURMERIC FINGERS
(100 kg)(To remove soil etc.) (Rhizomes become soft, colour becomes uniform) (15-20 days in sun 25-30 hours at 60oC) (Yield 20-25 kg) (According to colour and size)
WASHINGReduction of drying time More even colour distribution throughout the rhizome A more attractive (not wrinkled) product that is easier to polish Sterilisation of the rhizomes before drying.
DRYING (Up to 10% M.C.) POLISHING GRADING SIZING & GRINDING
(In polythene / aluminum foil bags)
Machinery Required Washer Cookers for boiling Mechanical /Solar dryer Abrasive Polishers Hammer Mill Packaging machine/ manual packagingTotal Cost of machinery: Power Rs. 10.00 lakhs 30 KW
Turmeric washing and polishing machine
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Turmeric Processing plant at S. I.S. Randhawas Farm
System for boiling of Turmeric
Polisher and grinder
OleoresinTurmeric extractives or oleoresins are obtained by solvent extraction of powedered or small pieces of rhizome.
Yield Solvent used Composition Uses products etc.
10-12%, orange/ red viscous liquid acetone, methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate etc. Curcuminoids (40-55%) Volatile oils (15-20%) As a natural food colorant in beverages, baked To impart flavour
RED CHILLI PROCESSINGFRESH RED CHILLI GRADING CHEMICAL TREATMENT 0.001% BHA 0.1% Gum acacia 1.0 refined oil 2.5% potassium carbonate (at 600C in mechanical dryer)
DRYING (Up to 10% M.C.) Destalking GRINDING IN HAMMER MILL
about 20-22 kg
(In aluminum foil bags)
Chilli Paste Washing / destalking Wet grinding Filtration Maintenance of pH 4 by adding citric acid Boiling at 800C for 15 min Addition of preservative KMS (200 ppm) Bottling and sterilization
Equipments Required Mechanical dryer or solar drying system Grinders (Preferably hammer mill) Tanks etc for chemical treatments etc. Packaging machinesTotal cost of machinery may be Rs. 4-5 lakh
Garlic ProcessingManufacturing process of garlic powderSorting and grading
Removal of outer skin
List of machinery manufacturersShiva Engineers Patel Avenue, Plot No.165, F.No. 1, Right Bhusari Colony, Near Kothrud Depot, Paud Road, Pune - 411 038, M.S. INDIA Tel No.: +91 - 20 - 25284631 M/s. International Food Machinery Corporation Krishna Opp. Deep Bhavan, Pandit Nehru Marg, Jamnagar - 361 008 (Gujarat) M/s. The Master Mechanical Works Pvt. Ltd. 75, Link Road, Ist Floor, Adjacent to Moolchand Hospital, Lajpat Nagar - III, New Delhi - 110 024.
M/s. Narangs Corporation P-25, Cannaught Place, (Below Madras Hotel), New Delhi - 110 001. M/s. B. Sen Barry and Co. 65/11, Rohtak Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110 005. Troika Exports 6th Floor, Embassy centre, Nariman Point Mumbai-400021 Septu India Pvt. Ltd. 39 KM milestone, Delhi-Jaipur Highway, Gurgaon-122001 Cont.
SSP Private Limited 19-DLF Industrial Area, Phase-2 13/4 Mathura Road, Faridabad-121003 Kiran Engineering Works G. T. Road Batala (Punjab) Osaw Agro Pvt. Ltd. Ambala Bajaj Processpack Maschinen Pvt. Ltd. 7/27, Site-IV, Jai Laxmi Industrial Estate, Sahibabad Indl. Area Ghaziabad-201010