Primarily Teaching: Teaching with Primary Sources
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- 1.Primarily Teaching:Using Primary Sources toEngage Students in the Study of History Stefanie Rosenberg Wager Email: email@example.comTwitter: @srwteacherBlog: www.stefaniewager.blogspot.comWebsites: www.technologynow.wikispaces.com www.usingprimarysources.weebly.com
2. Poll Everywhere Question: Do you use primary sources in yourclassroom at least once a week? http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/MTQ1ODUzOTA3Ng 3. Using Primary Sources? In a recent study, teachers cited three mainreasons they dont use primary sources: No time to find primary sources. Too many resources available. Its hard to funnel down to best resources. Dont know how to effectively use primary sources with students. 4. So, What is a Primary Source? What is your definition of a primary source? Primary Source Sort Working with your elbow partner, rework yourdefinition of a primary source. Be ready to share out! 5. One Definition Primary sources provide first hand testimony ordirect evidence concerning a topic underinvestigation. They are created by witnesses orrecorders who experienced the events orconditions being documented. Often thesesources are created at the time when the eventsor conditions are occurring, but primary sourcescan also include autobiographies, memoirs, andoral histories recorded later. 6. Using Primary Sources to Teach Inquiry 7. Guiding Questions ObserveReflect Question I Know What do you Why do you What do you What do younotice first? think this wondernow know What people image wasabout?about theand objects made? Who?image afterare shown? Whats What? examining it? How are theyhappening in When?arranged? the image? Where? What is the When do you Why?physicalthink it was How?setting?made? What details What cancan you see?you learnfromexaminingthis image? 8. Political Cartoons Cartoon analysis guide Have students labelelements of politicalcartoons Symbolism Exaggeration Labeling Analogy Irony 9. Prints & Photographs Zoom instrategy(usemagnifyingglasses) Prequel/Sequel 10. Continued Dividing the image 11. Continued Put yourselfin the image ThoughtBubbles 30 SecondLook and ThenDig Deeper 12. Analyzing Maps The Devil is in the Details Give students pieces of a map and have each student examine one piece of the map. Have them record what they know on sticky notes and place on the map. Then have them share with a partner or larger group. Finally, have students put the map together to see the big picture. 13. Analyzing Documents Quote MVP Give students quotes and ask them to select theirMVP (most valuable point) related to the lessonessential question. Tampering with History Change the document so its easier to read forstruggling readers. Jigsaw with cooperative learning groups 14. Music/Sound Recordings Use a song or sound recording as a class opener. Using music to teach a certain time period inhistory Example: Civil War music, Great Depression, etc. LOC Jukebox (www.loc.gov/jukebox) LOC Sound Recordings Example: WPA Slave Narratives http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/voice s/ 15. Using Art to TeachHistorical Analysis Reading a Portrait Smithsonian American Art Museum Discussion of art as a primary vs. secondarysource 16. General Strategies Weighing the evidence Example: Give students 5-7 documents related to causes of the Civil War. Students have to weigh which documents carry more weight and answer the essential question. Civil War Causes and Effects http://docsteach.org/activities/3895 Sorting/categorizing primary sources Five senses chart Students analyze various documents and record what they hear, see, taste, feel, and smell. 17. Continued Historical Debates Have students play the role of historical figures. Four Corners Pose a historical question and ask students tomove to the corner of the room they agree with.Label corners agree, strongly agree, disagree,strongly disagree. For example: Slavery was the cause of the CivilWar. 18. Continued Structured Academic Controversy (SAC) Socratic Seminars DBQs (Document Based Questions) Check out the DBQ Project (www.dbqproject.com) Reading Like a Historian Sourcing, Contextualizing, Corroboration, Close Reading Wordle (www.wordle.net) Copy and paste text to create a visual image Great discussion starter and to compare documents 19. Historical Book Backdrops Book backdrops are a way to infuse primary sources intochildrens literature. Steps: Find a piece of childrens literature that deals with some historicalaspect (slavery, WWII, etc.) As a way to teach the book, select 2-3 primary sources thatconnect to the book in some way. This varies depending on agelevel and other factors. For younger students you might just selectone image. For older students, you can usually select one shortpiece of text and photographs. Use primary source strategies to not only teach the book, but alsothe historical aspects of the book through the use of the primarysources. (You can also bring in technology such as QR codes tohelp with this step.) 20. Book Backdrops ExampleQR CodesFor a more detailed explanation go to www.stefaniewager.blogspot.com 21. Continued On loan from the Benjamin Shapell Family Manuscript Foundation (070, Lincoln to Grace Bedell) http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/LincolnsBeard.aspx The Library of Congress www.lov.gov/teachers 22. Where Can I Find Primary Sources? Top Ten Places to Find PrimarySources Other sources? One of the best places to findprimary sources is. The Library of Congress (www.loc.gov) 23. Key Parts of Library of Congress Website American Memory (contains over 20 million digitized items) Exhibitions (place to view all exhibitions that have been at LOC) THOMAS (access to past and present Congressional records) World Digital Library (key primary sources from each region of theworld) Veterans History Project (oral histories of veterans and other resources) Kids and Families Section Teachers Section (lots of resources on using primary sources, lessonplans, etc.) Researchers 24. Quick Guide toAmerican Memory Click on American Memory and then more browse options. 25. Here you cansearch for primarysources by date,topic, region, etc. 26. Today in History at LOCClick on Today inHistory. You caneither see thedocument of theday or searchby a specific date. 27. Exhibitions at LOCGo to www.loc.gov. At the bottom, click on more exhibitions. You cansee a list of every exhibit that has been at the Library of Congress. 28. LOC Resources forTeachersGo to www.loc.govand click onTeachers.Here you canfind a wealthof resourcesspecifically forTeachers. 29. One example of theresources availableto teachers on theLOC site. These areready-made primarysource sets. 30. Using Primary Sources toTeach Historical Thinking Historical Thinking Skills Chronological Thinking Historical Comprehension Historical Analysis and Interpretation Historical Research Capabilities Historical Issues- Analysis and Decision Making An Introduction to Historical Thinking Skillswww.teachinghistory.org/historical-thinking-intro 31. Technology to Enhance Your History Classroom(Find many more links at www.technologynow.wikispaces.com) C-SPAN Classroom- Especially check out American History TV www.c-spanclassroom.org Glogster Poster yourself www.edu.glogster.com Stixy Create virtual bulletin boards http://stixy.com Live Binders- Create virtual binders http://livebinders.comScribble Maps- Maps you can scribble on, add pictures, text, etc. www.scribblemaps.com 32. Continued Docs Teach- Hundreds of ready-made activities around primary sourcedocuments from NARA.www.docsteach.org Voicethread- Collaborate around almost any type of mediahttp://ed.voicethread.com Weebly- Create easy to use websiteshttp://education.weebly.com Fotobabble- Create and share talking photoshttp://fotobabble.com Bitstrips- Create your own comic stripshttp://bitstrips.com 33. Continued Capzles- Create virtual timelines http://capzles.com Dropbox- Free doc space and can share docs www.dropbox.com Show Document- Free web meetings www.showdocument.com Easy Bib- Create free bibliographies in MLA and APA http://easybib.com Edmodo- Its like Facebook for K-12 education http://edmodo.com 34. Continued Tube Chop- Easily edit any YouTube video www.tubechop.com Skype- Talk with anyone in the world for FREE www.skype.com and http://education.skype.com Living Room Candidate- Presidential campaign adssince 1952. www.livingroomcandidate.org Cool Tools for Schools- Collection of Web 2.0 tools www.cooltoolsforschools.wikispaces.com 35. Questions?Comments?