PRAMANAVARTTIKAibd- Introduction!...

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Transcript of PRAMANAVARTTIKAibd- Introduction!...

  •  

    THE  SECOND  CHAPTER     OF  THE  

     PRAMANAVARTTIKA   Advanced  Buddhist  Philosophy  Course  in  English  

    Handout  1  –  for  the  Fall  2016  Term1  

    Contents: Table of Contents for Entire Text [FALL 2014-CURRENT]

    Pages 137-154 – New Text for Fall 2016

       

    INSTITUTE  OF  BUDDHIST  DIALECTICS   McLeod  Ganj,  Dharamsala,  India  

    Prepared  by  Venerable  Kelsang  Wangmo  

     

                                                                                                                   

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    Table  of  Contents   PRESENTED  IN  FALL  2014  

    TECHNICAL  NOTES  ......................................................................................................................................................  i   INTRODUCTION  ..........................................................................................................................................................  1   Dignaga  .....................................................................................................................................................................................  1   Dharmakirti  ...........................................................................................................................................................................  2   Gyaltsab  Je  ..............................................................................................................................................................................  4   Seven  Treatises  on  Pramana  ........................................................................................................................................  4   Eight  Pivotal  Points  of  Logic  .........................................................................................................................................  5   Pramanavarttika  .................................................................................................................................................................  8   Chapter  on  Inference  for  One’s  Own  Benefit  ...........................................................................................................  8   Chapter  on  Establishment  of  Pramana  .....................................................................................................................  8   Chapter  on  Direct  Perception  &  Chapter  on  Inference  for  Others’  Benefit  .................................................  9   Elucidation  of  the  Path  to  Liberation  .......................................................................................................................  9  

    PRESENTED  IN  SPRING  2015  

    Second Chapter of the Elucidation of the Path to Liberation, a Detailed Explanation of the Verse Lines of the Pramanavarttika  ....................................................  12  

    EXPLANATION OF [THIS CHAPTER'S] OBJECTS OF REALIZATION – LIBERATION, OMNISCIENCE, AND THE PATHS THAT LEAD THERE  ......................................................................................................  12  

    THE GENERAL MEANING  ..................................................................................................................................................  12   CITING THE EXPLANATION BY ACHARYA DIGNAGA  .........................................................................................  12   THE WAY THE MEANING [OF DIGNAGA'S EXPLANATION] IS ELUCIDATED BY THE AUTHOR OF THE PRAMANAVARTTIKA  ...............................................................................................................................................  17   [DIGNAGA AND DHARMAKIRTI'S] VIEW  .................................................................................................................  25  

    THE MEANING OF THE BRANCHES  ...............................................................................................................................  28   ESTABLISHING THAT THE MUNI IS PRAMANA  ....................................................................................................  28  

    SHOWING BY MEANS OF THE FORWARD SYSTEM THE MANNER IN WHICH THE TEACHER ARRIVED [AT HIS GOAL] THROUGH WHAT PATHS  ...............................................................................  28  

    IDENTIFYING THE INSTANCE OF A PRAMANA BEING BY EXPLAINING THE MEANING OF THE ONE WHO HAS BECOME PRAMANA  ..............................................................................................................  28  

    THE GENERAL DEFINITION OF PRAMANA  .............................................................................................  28   THE NATURE OF THE DEFINITION  .......................................................................................................  28  

    THE DEFINITION  ....................................................................................................................................  29   IDENTIFYING NON-DECEPTIVE .............................................................. 29   DISPELLING [THE OBJECTION OF] NON-PERVASION [i.e., REFUTING THE OBJECTION THAT THE DEFINITION OF A VALID COGNIZER IS TOO NARROW .... 33   DISPELLING [THE VIEW OF A] BROAD PERVASION (I.E., REFUTING THE OBJECTION THAT THE DEFINITION IS TOO BROAD) .................................... 41  

    THE INSTANCES [OF A PRAMANA]  ...................................................................................................  43   ASCERTAINING THAT THE INSTANCES [SATISFY] THE DEFINITION ................. 46  

    PRESENTED  IN  FALL  2015   THE ATTRIBUTE  .....................................................................................................................................  66  

    SHOWING THAT THE MUNI ALSO POSSESSES THAT DEFINITION (i.e., THAT THE MUNI IS A PRAMANA BEING OR THAT HIS AWARENESSES ARE PRAMANA)  ...............................................  78  

    APPLYING [TO THE MUNI] THE MEANING OF PRAMANA THAT HAS ALREADY BEEN EXPLAINED ........................................................................................... 78

  • The  Second  Chapter  of  the  Pramanavarttika    

     

    2  

    EXPLAINING THE MEANING OF ‘HAS BECOME [A PRAMANA BEING]’  ..............................  87   THE PURPOSE FOR SAYING, “HAS BECOME [A PRAMANA BEING]” ................. 87   REFUTING OBJECTIONS WITH REGARD TO [THE PURPOSE OF SAYING, “HE HAS BECOME A PRAMANA BEING”] ................................................................ 89  

    REFUTING [THE IDEA THAT ISHVARA] WHO KNOWS HOW TO MAKE ALL OBJECTS OF KNOWLEDGE IS AN OMNISCIENT ONE  .........................................................................................  89  

    REFUTING [THE IDEA OF] ISHVARA WHO CREATED EVERYTHING .................. 90   REFUTING [THE IDEA THAT THE CREATOR ISHVARA] IS PERMANENT .............. 91   REFUTING [THE IDEA THAT THE CREATOR ISHVARA] IS IMPERMANENT ........... 95  

    PRESENTED  IN  SPRING  2016   REFUTING THE PROOFS [OF THE EXISTENCE OF THE CREATOR ISHVARA CITED BY AN OPPONENT]  ........................................................................................................................................  97  

    DEMONSTRATING THAT THE PROOFS ARE WRONG ..................................... 97   A BRIEF DEMONSTRATION .................................................................... 97   AN EXTENSIVE EXPLANATION .............................................................. 107   REFUTATION THROUGH AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEANING OF [THE WORDS USED TO EXPRESS] THE PROOF ................................................................... 107   THE MEANING OF SHAPE IS UNSUITABLE AS A REASON ............................ 108   [IF] A SPECIFIC SHAPE IS [CITED AS] THE REASON THE PROPERTY OF THE SUBJECT IS NOT ESTABLISHED ........................................................... 108   [IF] A MERE SHAPE [IS CITED AS THE REASON THE PERVASION IS] NOT ASCERTAINED .................................................................................. 109   AN EXAMPLE OF NON-ASCERTAINMENT ................................................ 110   THE LOGICAL ABSURDITY IF [THE PERVASION IS] ASCERTAINED ................. 111   ELIMINATING [THE OBJECTION OF A] REBOUNDING ARGUMENT ................. 112   THE WORD “SHAPE” IS UNSUITABLE AS A REASON .................................. 120   AN EXAMPLE OF IT BEING UNREASONABLE TO CITE MERELY SEEING THE WORD “SHAPE” AS A REASON ....................................................................... 120   THE LOGICAL ABSURDITY ................................................................... 121   REFUTING OTHER TYPES OF [NON-BUDDHIST VIEWS] THROUGH THAT ....... 122   THE OBJECTIVE THAT IS ACCOMPLISHED BY THOSE [REFUTATIONS] ........... 124