Pondicherry kas-surabhi

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  • 1. Food security and Livelihood Surabhi Mittal

2. Improved inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, ir 1960s- rigation)Green Main gains in irrigated region Achieved goal of food securityRevolution and self sufficiency Not inclusive 3. Why Food Security?Global Food InflationCompetitive protectionism-Export bans, Increased TariffsReports of hoardings andcartelsCurrent Food inflation in Indiain double digit 4. INDIAN AGRICULTURE Goal Food Security Self Sufficiency and Sustainability Dynamics of the sector Rainfall and climate change Changing cropping pattern Poor natural resource management 5. Food SecurityFood AvailabilityFood Access(Macro level)(Household Level) Four PillarsFood Utilization Food (Individual level) Vulnerability 6. Issues under Food SecuritySectoral Declining share of agriculture sector in GDP Low agricultural growth rates Trends Increase Food InflationSectors Area shifting and declining productivity High dependence on the sector for livelihoodComposition Increasing per capita demand High poverty headcount Indicators Increasing number of undernourishedpopulation 7. Incidence of Poverty and Food insecurityPoverty headcountUndernourishment 49.850 4240 Per cent of Population30 32.6 28.63024 25 22 20 172010100 BangladeshIndiaMaldives NepalPakistan Sri LankaSource: Food and Agriculture Organization 8. Constraints Food Security Poor targeting & In-accessibleCash Vs. Stocks Transportation InfrastructureHigh administrative cost Buffer Stock management Poor supply responseLow productivityPrice PolicyInput availability 9. Where are we stuck?Policy DilemmasPolitical EconomyIncreasedproduction vs India Pakistanbetter incomeFormation of farmerSubsidy vs.cooperative and Investmentsprivate investments Small operationalTrack II- Institutional holdings Vs. linkagesMechanisation 10. Proposed solutions Suggested by SAARC Problems in making itoperational FoodBank ?Regional Cooperation Technology Transfer Extension and Management Seed bankRole of Promote inter-regional trade Trade Integrating with the world market Liberalise South Asian Agriculture Reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers Do away with ad-hoc policies 11. Ensuring Food SecurityThe Regions needs to adopt an integrated strategyencompassingcollaborationexpanded Increasedwithin South social safety domesticAsian countries netproduction to revisit trade programmes policies 12. Major Issues and Challenges IrrigationHorticulture EfficientCredit and GovernmentProductivityand Water and agro- Supply ChainInsuranceIntervention Managementprocessing Management 13. Investment in Agriculture45000400003500030000Rs. Crore25000200001500010000 500001999-002000-012001-02 2002-032003-042004-052005-06Public Private 14. Rationale of Track IITrack II are non-official dialogue but are expected to serve as aparallel to government process to strengthen the programsNetworking at government level, people level and business levelIncreased representations from academics, NGOs, businesscommunity and government will help to generate political will better information to policy makers creating wide policy opinions. 15. Food security- Track IIHelps better linkages between agricultural research andtechnology-transfer track two has largely evolved as a mechanism of general exchange of thoughts, views and policy opinions.the awareness and the participation of underrepresentation groups get broadened 16. Move towardsAn organized and planned agricultural production and marketing Farmer as the entrepreneur Partnership among all stake holders Government role as implementation of policies and constantevaluationIncrease investment and prioritize areas of investment 17. Thank you!!mittal_surabhi75@yahoo.com