Political Participation and Voter Behavior. Political Participation Voting Voting Activism...

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Transcript of Political Participation and Voter Behavior. Political Participation Voting Voting Activism...

  • Political Participation and Voter Behavior

  • Political ParticipationVotingActivism (Activists) people who regularly participate in the political processHelping with a campaignAttend meeting/rallyDelegates to national conventions

    Political Socialization The process of developing your own personal political identity and attitudes towards government, leaders, issues, ect

  • Voting Rights History The Constitution purposely left the power to set suffrage qualifications to each State.Suffrage & Franchise means the right to vote. The electorate is all of the people entitled to vote. Initially, suffrage was limited to white male property owners.

    Today, the American electorate is over 200 million. Nearly all citizens at least 18 years old can qualify to vote.

  • Extending Suffrage5. 1971: 26th Amendment lowered the voting age to 18.1. Early 1800s: religious, property, and tax payment qualifications gradually eliminated. 2. 1870: 15th Amendment intended to end race-based voting requirements.3. 1920: 19th Amendment extends suffrage to women.4. 1960s: 65: Voting Rights Act guaranteed minorities right to vote. 64: 24th Amendment eliminated the poll tax.The 5 Stages of Suffrage Expansion:

  • Voter QualificationsConstitution sets limits on States voter qualifications:The States Cannot

  • Universal Requirements3 Voter Eligibility Requirements CitizenshipMost States require US citizenship ResidenceMost States require residency for minimum amounts of timeAge26th Amendment requires that no State set a minimum voting age above 18.

  • Who may NOT vote?Non-citizensNon-residents of a state10 30 daysUn-registered votersTo prevent fraudIn some states Mentally incompetentConvicted FelonsDishonorably discharged from the armed forcesHomelessPolygamists

    Very Low #

  • Political Participation and Awareness in America

  • Who DOES vote?Half of eligible voters in a typical presidential year63% in 2010!

    1/3 of eligible voters in a non-presidential election

  • Youth Vote

  • In 2008TotalsMF***************************************18-2448%45%52%25-3457%52%61%35-4462%60%65%45-5467%65%69%55-6471%69%73%65-7472%72%72%75 & up67%72%64%

  • Comparison

  • Likelihood of Voting by Education
  • Why NOT Vote?Excluded from voting legallyHomeless, polygamist, convicted felons, ect Illness, Out of town, forgot, Too busy, transportation, Didnt like the campaigns

    Apathy! (Laziness)Bad Weather!

  • Why do people NOT vote?

    Weekday Voting

    Weak Party Efforts

    Voter Satisfaction

  • Why do people NOT vote?Political Efficacy Can I make a difference? Does my vote matter? Distrust

    Absentee Ballots if you will be out of town for an election

  • Who does NOT voteLess LikelyUnder 35Unmarried and UnskilledSouth or rural areasPoorer/less educated

  • Who DOES vote?Higher end of social, economic, and educational ladder

    Activism

    Closer elections encourage higher voter turnout

  • People Vote Based onPolitical PartyIssuesIndividual PreferencesThe state of the economyCandidate AppealPersonalMedia Close-upsLooks and PersonalityExperience, Leadership, Good Judgment, Strength, Energy, and Charisma

  • Study of Voting BehaviorSociological FactorsIncome, Occupation high income RepublicanEducation more education RepublicanSex, Age Women vote Democrat; older vote RepublicanReligion/ethnicity Jews, Catholics, and non-whites support DemocratsGeography large cities vote DemocratFamily People vote like family

  • Will you vote?

  • Political PartiesKey connection between people and their governmentCompeting to influence the government

  • 4 Roles of Political PartiesRecruiting and LabelingCan help people chose a candidateSeal of Approval

    Acting as WatchdogsWatch and criticize other parties

  • Getting Out InformationMake point-of-view public

    Running the GovernmentMake decisions based on ideologyLawsAppointments

  • Two-Party System2 main partiesOther parties exist difficult to win national electionsGreen PartyTea Party

    Other systemsOne Party SystemSoviet Union, China, N. Korea, Cuba, Vietnam, IranMultiple Party SystemGermany, Italy

  • Christian Democratic Union (CDU) - christian democrat, centre-right: 27.8%, 180 seats and 7.4%, 46 seats Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) social democrat, centre-left: 34.2%, 222 seats Free Democratic Party (FDP) liberal, centre-right: 9.8%, 69 seats The Left socialist, communist, left: 8.7%, 54 seats Alliance '90/The Greens green, centre-left: 8.1%, 51 seats_______________________________________________________

    National Democratic Party of Germany - NPD): 1.6% The Republicans: 0.6% The Grays Gray Panther: 0.4% Family Party of Germany: 0.4% Human Environment Animal Welfare : 0.2% Party of Bible-abiding Christians: 0.2% MULTIPARTY SYSTEMS

  • Germanys minor partiesAnarchist Pogo Party of GermanyBavaria Party Communist Party of GermanyGerman Centre Party German Communist PartyChristian Centre PartyCitizens Make Politics Civil Rights Movement SolidarityDie ViolettenEcological Democratic PartyFeminist Party of Germany

    Free VotersLaw and Order Offensive PartyMarxist Leninist Party of GermanyDie PARTEI -- party created by editors of the satirical magazine titanicProjekt ParteiSocial Equality PartySouth Schleswig Voter Federation Danish and frisian minorities in Germany ** COALITIONS**

  • Political Parties in the U.S.Individuals Can be in a partyCan keep it a secretMany are independentVoter who doesnt belong to or support a specific party

  • US and 2 party systemHistorical InfluenceAmerican Political Beliefs and ValuesValues the systemLikes Overlapping views win electionsWinner Takes All SystemWho gets the most votes winsHard for minor partiesEncourages politicians to include more people

  • The Role of Minor PartiesInfluence outcome of electionsEncourages Major parties to face important issuesGet voters back from single-issue partiesGrassroots People at the local level; average voters

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