Polish culture, festivals and traditions
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Transcript of Polish culture, festivals and traditions
- Month CalebrationJanuary New YearFebruary Valentines day, Fat ThursdayMarch Womens dayApril EasterMay Mothers DayJune Childrens dayOctober Teachers dayNovember All Saints day , National Independence DayDecember Christmas
- New Years Eve is the expectation forthe coming New Year. It is celebrated on the night of 31 December to 1 January. On this day people go toparties or throw parties at their homesand invite their friends and family over. They dance, have fun. At midnight they welcome the New Year with a glass of champagne and fireworks display.
- Saint Valentines Day, often simply Valentines Day, is celebrated on February 14theach year. On this day people give flowers, sweets to thosewho they love. They often send valentines cards with love poems.
- Fat Thursday it s started on last week forcarnival. In Poland and in the Catholicparts of Germany, according totradition, on this day is allowed toovereating. Popular dishes are donutsand Faworki. According to onesuperstition, if someone does not eat inFat Thursday or a donut - in later life willnot be so lucky.
- Constitution of 3 May - enacted on 3 May 1791law regulating the legal system of the Republic. Itis generally accepted that the Constitution of May3 was the first in Europe and second in the worldwith modern, written constitution. Constitution ofMay 3 was established by the governmentadopted the Law on the diet. It was designed toovercome current shortcomings of the politicalsystem has long been the Polish Republic and thegolden freedom.
- Womens Day- an annualholiday celebrated on March 8th as a national holiday for all women, regardless of age. They receive special attention, usuallyflowers, sweets and small gifts, not only privately, but at work and schools.
- Easter is the Christian holiday. It commemorates the passion and the Ascension of Christ. Sunday which precedes Easter is Palm Sunday. On this day we bring palm branches to church to consecrate them. Week preceding Easter is Holy Week. On Holy Saturdaypeople go to church with baskets filled with food givento them. On Easter Sunday families gather at the table for Easter breakfast. We eat eggs, meat and lots of cakes: cheesecakes and cakes, which is called"Mazurek." Easter Monday (Wet Monday) is celebrated by everyone with enthusiasm by sprinkling each other with water. Especially kids have fun this day. Somepeople say that by being splashed with water on EasterMonday will bring you good luck throughout the year.
- Mothers day
- Mothers Day is a celebration in honour of all mothers. It iscelebrated on May 26th. This is a very important feast for them.
- Childrens Day is celebrated since 1952 on 1 June.Its initiator is an organization called the International Union for Protection ofChildhood, aimed at ensuring the safety ofchildren around the world. Childrens Day is often celebrated in schools, it is a day of sport,for example by organizing interclass competitions.
- National Education Day is celebrated in Poland on 14th October. In the institutions related to education, it is an opportunity to rewardoutstanding individuals for education.
- All Saints Day is a Roman-Catholicceremony celebrated on November 1 in honour of all known and unknownsaints. At All Saints Day, people come to the graves of their loved ones to light candles, lay wreaths and pray.This day is a time when people speakof the dead in the family, friends who left this world and to honour their memory.
- Polish festival, celebrated every year on 11 November to commemorate the anniversary of the revival of thePolish nation independent statehood in 1918 after 123 years of partitions made by Austria, Prussia and Russia. Established in recent years of theSecond Republic, restored in 1989. It is a day off from work.
- In Poland, Christmas Eve is a day of feasting. The feast begins at the appearance of the first star in the sky. There is no red meat served but fish, usually carp. The supper, which includes many traditional dishes and desserts, can sometimes last for over two hours. It is followed by the exchange of gifts. At midnight people go to a Midnight Mass. The next day, the Christmas Day, is often spent visiting friends, singing carols. In Polish tradition, people combine religion and family closeness at Christmas. Although gift- giving plays a major role in the rituals, emphasis is placed more on the making of special foods and decorations.