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Transcript of Policy on Disaster Management - ... topography, rugged terrain, extreme weather conditions and...

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    J&K State Disaster Management Policy


    Department of Revenue, Relief and Rehabilitation

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    Policy Vision

    Safe J&K!

    Policy Mission

    Safe infrastructure

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    CONTENTS Page No

    Executive Summary 1.0 Jammu and Kashmir-An Overview 2.0 Hazard Profile of Jammu and Kashmir 3.0 Disaster Management Principles

    3.1 Aim 3.2 Approach 3.3 Objective

    4.0 State Level Institutional Mechanism at for Disaster Management 4.1 State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) 4.2 Stakeholders in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management 4.3 Financial Arrangements 4.4 Nodal Departments 4.5 Techno Legal Regime

    5.0 Strengthening Institutional Mechanisms and Capacity Building 5.1 State Institute of Disaster management

    6.0 Emergency Operation Centres 7.0 Framework for Mainstreaming Disaster Management

    7.1 Pre Disaster Management 7.1.1 Role of Key Stakeholders J&K State Disaster Management Authority Line Departments of the State Govt. Divisional & District Disaster Management Authorities Local Authorities Civil Society Organizations & Self Help groups Corporate Sector

    7.1.2 Key activities in Pre-disaster phase. Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Reduction Linking disaster risk reduction and development Preparation of disaster management plans Disaster management Information System Strengthening of life line buildings Early warning Incident Response System Community based disaster management Funding mechanism

    7.2 Disaster Response 7.1.3 Role of key stakeholders State Disaster Management Authority Line Departments of the State Divisional & District Disaster Management Authorities Local authorities Civil Society Organizations and Self Help groups Corporate sector

    7.1.4 Key Activities in disaster response phase. Implementation & operationalisation of Disaster management Plans Evacuation, search and rescue Essential services Restoration of essential services Maintenance of law and order Immediate relief Damage and Needs assessment

    7.3 Post Disaster Management 7.3.1 Role of relevant stakeholder State Disaster management Authority Nodal Departments Local authorities Civil Society Organizations and self help groups Corporate sector

    7.3.2 Key activities in recovery phase Damage and need assessment and estimation of funds Socio-economic rehabilitation Physical reconstruction Project management


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    Executive Summary

    The State of Jammu and Kashmir has a long history of natural disasters. The State has

    witnessed many natural disasters especially in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Owing to its peculiar

    topography, rugged terrain, extreme weather conditions and underdeveloped economy, the State has

    suffered a lot on account of natural disasters. Hazards like earthquakes, floods, fires, droughts,

    avalanches and landslides often convert into disasters leading to loss of human lives as well as public

    and private property. Enhanced vulnerabilities of the built environment make the State highly prone to

    natural disasters.

    The State Government identifies a strong need to have a State Policy on Disaster Risk Reduction

    and Management. The State Policy recognizes that hazards are inevitable but these need not convert into

    disasters. The State DM Policy envisages a pro-active, holistic, comprehensive, multi-hazard approach

    towards disaster risk reduction and management. The Policy is based on the twin principles of

    minimizing human suffering during disasters and reduction of financial losses through integration of

    disaster risk reduction activities into development planning.

    The Policy has envisioned establishing a strong institutional mechanism at the State level. The

    policy has highlighted the need for effective and functional disaster management authorities at State,

    Division and District levels. The Policy has also envisaged the establishment of the Emergency

    Operation Centres at different levels (State, Division and District) for an effective management of

    disaster situations.

    The Policy has given high priority to capacity-building of all stakeholders including the

    community which is also the first responder to any disaster situation. Research and documentation in the

    area of disaster risk mitigation and management has been given due importance in the Policy. For

    achieving the objective of having well-trained official machinery, a state-of-art State Institute of Disaster

    Management (SIDM) has been proposed. The overall capacity-building of the Fire and Emergency

    Services and SDRF in all possible areas necessary for effective disaster management has been given due

    recognition in the Policy.

    To achieve the Policy objectives, all stakeholders have been entrusted with clear, necessary

    responsibilities. The State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) along with the Divisional and

    District Disaster Management Authorities will manage the whole gamut of disaster risk reduction and

    management. The Policy has indeed taken due consideration of all stages of disaster management cycle

    encompassing pre-disaster management phase, situation during the time of disaster as well as the post-

    disaster management phase including the long-term recovery and reconstruction. F&ES alongwith the

    SDRF/NDRF and Armed Forces will assist the civil administration at the time of an emergency.

    Corporate sector and civil society organizations have been given specific roles in all the stages of

    disaster management.

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    1. Jammu and Kashmir - An Overview

    State of Jammu and Kashmir covers the northern most extremity of India and lies between latitudes

    32º.17’ to 36º.58’ north and longitudes 73º26’ to 80º.26’ east. The State occupies a strategic position in

    India with borders touching Pakistan in the west, China & Tibet in the north & east and the States of

    Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in the South. The state of J&K has a geographical area of 2,22,236 sq.

    kms comprising 6.93% of the total area of the Indian territory. This area includes 78, 114 sq. kms of area

    under illegal occupation of Pakistan, 5,180 sq. kms illegally handed over by Pakistan to China and 37,

    555 sq. kms under the illegal occupation of China in Ladakh.

    As per the Census 2011, the State has a total population of 1,21,01,93,422. Comprising of

    62,37,24,248 males and 58,64,69,174 females. The State is divided into 22 Districts having 82 Tehsils.

    There are 143 rural development blocks, which are further delimited into 4128 Panchayats, there are 86

    towns and 6551 villages.

    The State economy is mostly agriculture-based where more than 75% people are directly or

    indirectly dependent on it. Mostly, the people’s prosperity or otherwise depends on the success or failure

    of the agriculture sector. However, the State has a huge potential for further development of the tourism


    Physically the state comprises three distinct regions. Of the three regions, Ladakh alone covers

    about 70% of the total area of the state, Jammu accounts for 19% and the valley of Kashmir accounts for

    the remaining 11%.

    2. Hazard Profile of Jammu and Kashmir

    Owing to a unique geographical and geo-climatic setting, the State of J&K has witnessed a

    number of disasters, ranging from incidents of fires to destructive floods and catastrophic earthquakes.

    The State has witnessed many natural and manmade disasters especially in the 19th and early 20th

    century. In the wake of recurring disasters, the State has always paid heavily in terms of loss of life and

    property. The state is a multi-hazard prone State. Hazard profile of the state has been shown in Table 1.

    Table 1: Hazard Profile of Jammu and Kashmir

    S.No. Hazard Areas Covered

    1. Earthquakes

    Most parts of the Kashmir Valley (11% of the area of the state)

    covering the Districts of Srinagar, Ganderbal, Baramulla, Kupwara,

    Bandipora, Budgam, Anantnag, Pulwama, Doda, Ramban, Kishtwar

    come under Seismic Zone V, where around 50% of the population of the

    State lives.

    Rest of the State including whole of Ladakh region and Jammu Division

    (90% of the total area of the state) are under the Seismic Zone IV.

    2. Floods

    Low-lying areas of the Kashmir Valley, especially Sonawari,

    Awantipora, Srinagar, alongwith parts of Jammu are prone to floods.

    Upper catchments of all the tributaries of the Jhelum, Indus, Chenab and

    Tawi rivers are prone to flash floods.

    3. Avalanches & Snow Blizzards

    Higher reaches of Kashmir including Anantnag,