Policy on Disaster Management - ... topography, rugged terrain, extreme weather conditions and...
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J&K State Disaster Management Policy
Department of Revenue, Relief and Rehabilitation
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CONTENTS Page No
Executive Summary 1.0 Jammu and Kashmir-An Overview 2.0 Hazard Profile of Jammu and Kashmir 3.0 Disaster Management Principles
3.1 Aim 3.2 Approach 3.3 Objective
4.0 State Level Institutional Mechanism at for Disaster Management 4.1 State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) 4.2 Stakeholders in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management 4.3 Financial Arrangements 4.4 Nodal Departments 4.5 Techno Legal Regime
5.0 Strengthening Institutional Mechanisms and Capacity Building 5.1 State Institute of Disaster management
6.0 Emergency Operation Centres 7.0 Framework for Mainstreaming Disaster Management
7.1 Pre Disaster Management 7.1.1 Role of Key Stakeholders
126.96.36.199 J&K State Disaster Management Authority 188.8.131.52 Line Departments of the State Govt. 184.108.40.206 Divisional & District Disaster Management Authorities 220.127.116.11 Local Authorities 18.104.22.168 Civil Society Organizations & Self Help groups 22.214.171.124 Corporate Sector
7.1.2 Key activities in Pre-disaster phase. 126.96.36.199 Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Reduction 188.8.131.52 Linking disaster risk reduction and development 184.108.40.206 Preparation of disaster management plans 220.127.116.11 Disaster management Information System 18.104.22.168 Strengthening of life line buildings 22.214.171.124 Early warning 126.96.36.199 Incident Response System 188.8.131.52 Community based disaster management 184.108.40.206 Funding mechanism
7.2 Disaster Response 7.1.3 Role of key stakeholders
220.127.116.11 State Disaster Management Authority 18.104.22.168 Line Departments of the State 22.214.171.124 Divisional & District Disaster Management Authorities 126.96.36.199 Local authorities 188.8.131.52 Civil Society Organizations and Self Help groups 184.108.40.206 Corporate sector
7.1.4 Key Activities in disaster response phase. 220.127.116.11 Implementation & operationalisation of Disaster management Plans 18.104.22.168 Evacuation, search and rescue 22.214.171.124 Essential services 126.96.36.199 Restoration of essential services 188.8.131.52 Maintenance of law and order 184.108.40.206 Immediate relief 220.127.116.11 Damage and Needs assessment
7.3 Post Disaster Management 7.3.1 Role of relevant stakeholder
18.104.22.168 State Disaster management Authority 22.214.171.124 Nodal Departments 126.96.36.199 Local authorities 188.8.131.52 Civil Society Organizations and self help groups 184.108.40.206 Corporate sector
7.3.2 Key activities in recovery phase 220.127.116.11 Damage and need assessment and estimation of funds 18.104.22.168 Socio-economic rehabilitation 22.214.171.124 Physical reconstruction 126.96.36.199 Project management
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The State of Jammu and Kashmir has a long history of natural disasters. The State has
witnessed many natural disasters especially in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Owing to its peculiar
topography, rugged terrain, extreme weather conditions and underdeveloped economy, the State has
suffered a lot on account of natural disasters. Hazards like earthquakes, floods, fires, droughts,
avalanches and landslides often convert into disasters leading to loss of human lives as well as public
and private property. Enhanced vulnerabilities of the built environment make the State highly prone to
The State Government identifies a strong need to have a State Policy on Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management. The State Policy recognizes that hazards are inevitable but these need not convert into
disasters. The State DM Policy envisages a pro-active, holistic, comprehensive, multi-hazard approach
towards disaster risk reduction and management. The Policy is based on the twin principles of
minimizing human suffering during disasters and reduction of financial losses through integration of
disaster risk reduction activities into development planning.
The Policy has envisioned establishing a strong institutional mechanism at the State level. The
policy has highlighted the need for effective and functional disaster management authorities at State,
Division and District levels. The Policy has also envisaged the establishment of the Emergency
Operation Centres at different levels (State, Division and District) for an effective management of
The Policy has given high priority to capacity-building of all stakeholders including the
community which is also the first responder to any disaster situation. Research and documentation in the
area of disaster risk mitigation and management has been given due importance in the Policy. For
achieving the objective of having well-trained official machinery, a state-of-art State Institute of Disaster
Management (SIDM) has been proposed. The overall capacity-building of the Fire and Emergency
Services and SDRF in all possible areas necessary for effective disaster management has been given due
recognition in the Policy.
To achieve the Policy objectives, all stakeholders have been entrusted with clear, necessary
responsibilities. The State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) along with the Divisional and
District Disaster Management Authorities will manage the whole gamut of disaster risk reduction and
management. The Policy has indeed taken due consideration of all stages of disaster management cycle
encompassing pre-disaster management phase, situation during the time of disaster as well as the post-
disaster management phase including the long-term recovery and reconstruction. F&ES alongwith the
SDRF/NDRF and Armed Forces will assist the civil administration at the time of an emergency.
Corporate sector and civil society organizations have been given specific roles in all the stages of
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1. Jammu and Kashmir - An Overview
State of Jammu and Kashmir covers the northern most extremity of India and lies between latitudes
32º.17’ to 36º.58’ north and longitudes 73º26’ to 80º.26’ east. The State occupies a strategic position in
India with borders touching Pakistan in the west, China & Tibet in the north & east and the States of
Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in the South. The state of J&K has a geographical area of 2,22,236 sq.
kms comprising 6.93% of the total area of the Indian territory. This area includes 78, 114 sq. kms of area
under illegal occupation of Pakistan, 5,180 sq. kms illegally handed over by Pakistan to China and 37,
555 sq. kms under the illegal occupation of China in Ladakh.
As per the Census 2011, the State has a total population of 1,21,01,93,422. Comprising of
62,37,24,248 males and 58,64,69,174 females. The State is divided into 22 Districts having 82 Tehsils.
There are 143 rural development blocks, which are further delimited into 4128 Panchayats, there are 86
towns and 6551 villages.
The State economy is mostly agriculture-based where more than 75% people are directly or
indirectly dependent on it. Mostly, the people’s prosperity or otherwise depends on the success or failure
of the agriculture sector. However, the State has a huge potential for further development of the tourism
Physically the state comprises three distinct regions. Of the three regions, Ladakh alone covers
about 70% of the total area of the state, Jammu accounts for 19% and the valley of Kashmir accounts for
the remaining 11%.
2. Hazard Profile of Jammu and Kashmir
Owing to a unique geographical and geo-climatic setting, the State of J&K has witnessed a
number of disasters, ranging from incidents of fires to destructive floods and catastrophic earthquakes.
The State has witnessed many natural and manmade disasters especially in the 19th and early 20th
century. In the wake of recurring disasters, the State has always paid heavily in terms of loss of life and
property. The state is a multi-hazard prone State. Hazard profile of the state has been shown in Table 1.
Table 1: Hazard Profile of Jammu and Kashmir
S.No. Hazard Areas Covered
Most parts of the Kashmir Valley (11% of the area of the state)
covering the Districts of Srinagar, Ganderbal, Baramulla, Kupwara,
Bandipora, Budgam, Anantnag, Pulwama, Doda, Ramban, Kishtwar
come under Seismic Zone V, where around 50% of the population of the
Rest of the State including whole of Ladakh region and Jammu Division
(90% of the total area of the state) are under the Seismic Zone IV.
Low-lying areas of the Kashmir Valley, especially Sonawari,
Awantipora, Srinagar, alongwith parts of Jammu are prone to floods.
Upper catchments of all the tributaries of the Jhelum, Indus, Chenab and
Tawi rivers are prone to flash floods.
3. Avalanches & Snow Blizzards
Higher reaches of Kashmir including Anantnag,