Policy coherence development switzerlands pcd commodities migration tax

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  • Putting Policy Coherence forDevelopment into Perspective: supporting Switzerland's promotion of PCDin commodities, migration and tax policy

    COMMODITIES

    MIGRATION

    TAX

    Commissioned and funded by

  • Putting Policy Coherence for Development into Perspective

    Supporting Switzerlands promotion of PCD in commodities, migration

    and tax policy

  • Putting Policy Coherence for Development into Perspective

    i

    Acknowledgements The following authors from ECDPM contributed to this paper: Anna Knoll and Florian Krtke, together with Niels Keijzer and Jorrit Oppewal. The authors would like to thank their colleague Andrew Sherriff for his valuable suggestions on this study. Furthermore, the authors benefited from the inputs and suggestions provided by Werner Thut from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), for which they are grateful.

    Disclaimer This volume constitutes the synthesis of the results of several pilot studies commissioned by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) from the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) in 2012. They were completed in December 2012, and updated in May 2013. Developments in trade, migration or taxation policies of the EU, OECD, Switzerland and European countries or at UN, G8 or G20 level happening on or after the 31st of May 2013 are hence no longer included in the analysis. The views expressed herein are those of the authors only and should not be attributed to any other person or institution.

  • Putting Policy Coherence for Development into Perspective

    ii

    Table of Contents Table of Contents .................................................................................................................................... ii!Table of Boxes ....................................................................................................................................... iv!Table of Figures ..................................................................................................................................... iv!Table of Tables ....................................................................................................................................... iv!List of Acronyms ...................................................................................................................................... v!Foreword ............................................................................................................................................... vii!Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ viii!1.! Context and objectives ..................................................................................................................... 1!2.! Concepts and debates on Policy Coherence for Development ....................................................... 2!

    2.1.! The concept of PCD ................................................................................................................. 2!2.2.! Debates on PCD ....................................................................................................................... 5!

    2.2.1.! Debates at EU level ........................................................................................................... 5!2.2.2.! Debates at OECD level ..................................................................................................... 6!2.2.3.! Debates in other international fora .................................................................................... 7!

    2.3.! Measuring progress on PCD .................................................................................................... 7!2.4.! Mechanisms for promoting PCD at EU level ............................................................................ 9!

    3.! Systems, opportunities and challenges to promoting PCD in Switzerland .................................... 10!3.1.! Swiss political commitments towards PCD ............................................................................. 10!3.2.! Swiss governance culture and institutional and administrative mechanisms for promoting PCD in Switzerland ........................................................................................................................... 12!3.3.! Assessing Switzerlands overall performance in promoting PCD ........................................... 14!

    4.! Identifying opportunities for promoting PCD in specific policy dossiers ......................................... 15!4.1.! An approach for assessing PCD-relevant incoherencies ....................................................... 16!4.2.! Selected policy discussions .................................................................................................... 16!

    4.2.1.! Commodities policy ......................................................................................................... 16!4.2.2.! Migration policy ............................................................................................................... 17!4.2.3.! Tax policy ........................................................................................................................ 17!

    4.3.! Fora and mechanisms in Switzerland for promoting PCD and addressing incoherencies ..... 18!4.3.1.! Commodities and Trade .................................................................................................. 18!4.3.2.! Migration .......................................................................................................................... 18!4.3.3.! Tax and Illicit Financial Flows .......................................................................................... 18!

    5.! Concluding remarks and Future perspectives ............................................................................... 19!Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................... 22

  • Putting Policy Coherence for Development into Perspective

    iii

    Annex I. Key policy incoherencies: Commodities policy ....................................................................... 23!

    1. Defining commodities and outlining policy options ....................................................................... 23!2. Economic diplomacy and general trade policy .............................................................................. 25!3. Finance and competition policy ..................................................................................................... 27!4. Investment policies and Corporate Social Responsibility ............................................................. 29!

    Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................... 31!Annex I. Key policy incoherencies: Commodities policy ....................................................................... 34

    Overview table Commodities policy ............................................................................................... 34

    Annex II. Key policy incoherencies: Migration policy ............................................................................. 40!

    1. Exploring the links between migration and development policy .................................................... 40!2. Facilitating legal labour migration and recruitment ....................................................................... 42!3. Skilled Labour: Brain Drain vs. Brain Gain .................................................................................... 43!

    3.1 Low skilled labour migration ................................................................................................... 45!3.2 Circular Migration ................................................................................................................... 46!

    4. Curbing Irregular Migration ........................................................................................................... 48!5. Remittances and non-economic transfers .................................................................................... 49!

    5.1 Remittances ............................................................................................................................ 49!5.2 Non-economic transfers ......................................................................................................... 51!

    6. Protecting Migrants rights ............................................................................................................ 52!7. Engaging Diasporas ...................................................................................................................... 54!

    Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................... 56

    Annex II. Key policy incoherencies: Migration policy ............................................................................. 61

    Overview table Migration policy ..................................................................................................... 61

    Annex III. Key policy incoherencies: Tax policy .................................................................................... 69!

    1. The effects of illicit financial outflows on developing countries ..................................................... 69!2. Analysis of specific policy areas and interventions ....................................................................... 71!

    2.1. Tax evasion and avoidance