Poisonous Snakes By: Bryan Cheung T.317 Life Scout 22 Sept 2008

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Transcript of Poisonous Snakes By: Bryan Cheung T.317 Life Scout 22 Sept 2008

  • Poisonous SnakesBy: Bryan CheungT.317 Life Scout22 Sept 2008

  • Types of Poisonous Snakes6 Types of poisonous snakes in FloridaEastern Diamondback RattlesnakeCanebrake (Timber) RattlesnakePygmy RattlesnakeCottonmouth (Water Moccasin)CopperheadCoral SnakeFrom 2 families: Viperidae (vipers/pit vipers)Elapidae (cobras)

  • Viper/Pit Viper Family5 Types in Florida:Eastern Diamondback RattlesnakeCanebrake (Timber) RattlesnakePygmy RattlesnakeCottonmouth (Water Moccasin)CopperheadCharacteristics:Elliptical PupilsPits between eyes and nostrilsArrow-shaped headsUse hemotoxic venom which destroys red blood cells and walls of blood vessels.

  • Cobra Family1 Type in FloridaCoral SnakeCharacteristicsRound pupilsRound shaped headsUse neurotoxic venom that attacks the nervous system of the prey through paralysis of the heart and lung muscles.

  • Eastern Diamondback RattlesnakeHow to identify:Yellow-bordered Diamond-shaped markingsRattle at end of tailArrow shaped head much wider than neck areaFrequently seen in palmetto flatlands, pine woods, abandoned fields, and brushy/grassy areas

  • Canebrake RattlesnakeHow to Identify:Grayish-brown colorDark chevron-shaped bands or blotches across its bodyOrange or rusty-red stripe down the middle of its back from head to tailBrown or black tail with a rattle on the end

  • Pygmy RattlesnakeHow to identify:Small rattle that sounds like buzzing sound and can only be heard from a few feet awayGray colorAbout 3 rows of dark, round spots around its backA single orange or reddish stripe down the back in between the spotsYoung Pygmy rattler tails may be yellow at the tip

  • Cottonmouth (water moccasin)How to identify:Darkish brown to black in colorMay have black bands across bodyWhen provoked, it will lay its head back and open its mouth to show the white lining of the mouth (which is why it is called cottonmouth)

  • CopperheadHow to identify:Tan to pinkish in colorReddish Brown hourglass-shaped bands across the bodyCopper colored head

  • Which is venomous?Coral Snake(Venomous)Scarlet King snake(Nonvenomous)Easy way to remember: Red touch yellow, deadly fellow; Red touch black, friendly JackOr, black nose=venomous

  • Coral SnakeHow to Identify:Very colorful stripe patternBlack noseMost are less than 30 in. in lengthRound pupils like most non-venomous snakes

  • First AidNon-Poisonous SnakebitesClean wound with soap and water and apply antisepticWrap it with a clean bandagePoisonous SnakebitesGet victim to medical attention ASAPRemove rings/jewelry around the bite areaLet the victim lay down and place the injured area lower than the rest of the bodyTreat for shock (keep them calm, keep airway open, raise legs, etc)If available within 3 minutes of the bite, use a venom extractor.Do NOT:Make cuts on the woundApply iceTry to suck out the venom with your mouthGo after the snake to kill itLet the victim make many movements

  • More InfoFlorida Venomous Snakes (with pictures) Guide to Florida SnakeFirst Aid for Snakebites