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Transcript of Poetry

  • 1. Poetry Mrs. Cruz English Class

2. Quote of the Day 3. Definition A collection of words that express an emotion or idea. Hey, diddle, diddle, The cat and the fiddle, The cow jumped over the moon; The little dog laughed To see such sport, And the dish ran away with the spoon. 4. Purpose of Poetry To express ideas, feelings and emotions. 5. Types of Poetry A poem that tells a story; ballads are usually sung Ballad: 6. Types of Poetry Free Verse: Poetry that doesnt follow any specific patterns in rhythm, rhyme scheme, or line length; free verse may contain rhymes, but they are not used in a prescribed manner 7. Types of Poetry A three-line Japanese poetic form in the lines follow the pattern of five syllables in the first line, seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line. Haiku 8. Types of Poetry Limerick: a five-line poem that follows a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm. The first, second, and fifth lines contain eight syllables. Lines two and three contain six syllables. Limericks are usually funny or silly. There was an Old Man with a beard, Who said, It is just as I feared! Two Owls and a Hen, Four Larks and a wren Have all built their nests in my beard 9. Types of Poetry Narrative Poem: A poem that tells the sequence of events of a story; 10. Types of Poetry Sonnet: A very structured fourteen-line poem that follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm. The two most common sonnets are the Italian sonnet and the English sonnet. William Shakespeare wrote many English sonnets, which are also referred to as Shakespearean sonnets. 11. Quote of Day 12. Stanzas and Verses Poetry is divided by Stanzas and Verses. I sing a sonnet for you, to immortalize my love, I sing a sonnet for you, such ethereality as further memories, such pureness as youth sights, such beauty as smile's meaning, I sing a sonnet for you, to tell my infinite love after years, may tomorrow be late, I sing a sonnet for you... -Nasibeh Daneshvar 13. Rhyme One of the most beautiful elements found in poetry is rhyme. Rhyme is the matching of sounds that are similar. Say, Pay, Tray, Spray, Day, May Blue, True, zoo, do, too 14. Rhyme When working with rhyme, you should always remember that the most important part of verse is the last word. The last word of each verse is what establishes they rhyme. Twinkle, twinkle little star! How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high. Like a diamond in the sky. A A B B Rhyme Scheme 15. Practice Natures first green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold. Her early leafs a flower; But only so an hour. Then leaf subsides to leaf So Eden sank to grief So dawn goes down today. Nothing gold can stay. A A B B C C D D Was it Easy? 16. Practice When I was one and twenty I heard a wise man say. Give crowns and pounds and guineas But not your heart away; Give pearls away and rubies But keep your fancy free But I was one-and-twenty No use to talk to me! A B C B C D A D How many stanzas and verses does the poem have? 17. Imagery A poet must stimulate the imagination. He or she has to use a language that creates mental pictures or images. Sensory Images: Visual- to the sense of sight. Olfactory- to the sense of smell. Gustatory- to the sense of taste Tactil- to the sense of touch Auditory- to the sense of hearing 18. Imagery Practice 1. She searched the touch of spring and felt among the leaves the dew of old devotions. 2. Did I hear them? Yes, I heard the children singing. 3. Thy beautiful eyes brighten and they blind the stars. 4. They were wrapped in a blanket, and felt really warm. 5. The cascade of perfume that was her hair came tumbling over his chest. 6. Ice cream cones, lemonade, and tasty hotdogs were the usual fare of summer. 7. Soon, with he noise of tambourines came her handmaids. 8. The sky is glowing with the splendor of God. 9. Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory. 10. It is sweet, the image of remembered childhood. 19. Quote of the Day 20. Figurative Language Simile: Example: A direct, explicit comparison of one thing to another in which the words like or as are used. She looks like an angel. Her lips are as sweet as honey. 21. Figurative Language Metaphor: Example: An indirect comparison of one thing to another in which one thing is given characteristics of another. My love is a flower He was a lion in battle. 22. Figurative Language Personification: Example: The strategy of giving animate qualities to abstract concepts, or inanimate things. This handless clock stares blindly from its tower. 23. Figurative Language Alliteration: Example: Repetition of consonant sounds usually at the beginning of words. In the summer season, when soft was the song 24. Figurative Language Onomatopoeia: Example: The attempt to echo or imitate sounds with words. Bow-wow, oink-oink, tic-tac, howling 25. Figurative Language Hyperbole: Example: An exaggeration I have been waiting for a million years. 26. Exercise of Figures of Speech Identify the different figures of speech: 1. Because I did not stop for Death, she kindly stopped for me. 2. An old woman whose heart is like the Sun. 3. An old man is a ragged coat upon a stick. 4. And I will love thee still my dear, till a the seas gone dry. 5. Field, flocks and lonely firs. 6. Thunder boomed and rolled across the face of heaven. 7. He watches from his mountain walls, and like a thunderbolt he falls. 27. My Luv is Like a Red, Red Rose O, my luvs like a red, red rose, Thats newly sprung in June; O my luvs like the melodie Thats sweetly played in tune. As fair art thou, my bonnie lass, So deep in love am I; And I will love thee still, my dear, Till a the seas gang dry. Till a the seas gang dry, my dear, And the rocks melt with the sun; And I will love thee still, my dear, While the sands o life shall run.. And fare thee well, my only luv, And fare thee well awhile, And I will come again, my luv, Though it were ten thousand miles. A B C B D E F E F G F G H E H I 28. Questions on the Poem 1. The first stanza is an example of the use of the simile. What other simile can you find? 2. The other three stanzas are excellent examples of hyperbole, or exaggeration. Can you identify them? 3. Why is love compared to a rose? What are the connotations of the rose? What is a rose associated with? 4. Why is love compared to a red rose? Why not to a yellow rose? 5. How do you know that the author loves the girl? 6. Was the this girl pretty? What words describe her? 7. What words are similar to present day English? 8. Why is the effect of repetition in this poem? 9. Are there any visual images in this poem? 10. Are there any auditory images in this poem? 11. Do you think the author will come back in the future? These question were given on a worksheet so they can analyze the poem