Planning Australia’s major cities: Dorte Ekelund Executive Director Major Cities Unit Presentation...

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Transcript of Planning Australia’s major cities: Dorte Ekelund Executive Director Major Cities Unit Presentation...

  • Slide 1
  • Planning Australias major cities: Dorte Ekelund Executive Director Major Cities Unit Presentation to the NATSTATS 2010 Conference, Sydney 16 September 2010 Creating an evidence base
  • Slide 2
  • Federal Government involvement in cities - State of Australian Cities 2010 - National urban policy What do we need to know? - Defining urban - Indicators for effective urban policy and planning What are we measuring? - Reliability and consistency - Causal versus correlated data Outline
  • Slide 3
  • Transforming our Cities Transforming our Cities 1950s - Housing 1970s - Services 1990s - Regeneration 2007 + - Infrastructure Australia - Major Cities Unit - COAG Reform Pyrmont Bridge 2006
  • Slide 4
  • A national objective for cities that they are: - Globally competitive - Productive - Sustainable - Liveable - Socially inclusive National criteria for strategic planning systems - State governments to meet criteria by 2012 - Linked to federal infrastructure funding National planning criteria for cities
  • Slide 5
  • Developing national urban policy Phase 1 Gather the evidence State of Australian Cities 2010 Phase 2 Prepare options A strategy for Australian Cities
  • Slide 6
  • A national snapshot of Australias cities An evidence base to: - generate debate - present challenges - highlight trends - measure progress - develop policy http://www/infrastructure.gov.au/mcu State of Australian Cities 2010
  • Slide 7
  • Defining urban - What is a city?
  • Slide 8
  • Australia: an urban nation 75 % population live in 17 major cities over 100,000 82% in cities over 30,000
  • Slide 9
  • Where are city boundaries? Spatial aggregation - Statistical v Local Government v Metropolitan v Conurbation - Cities within cities - Expanding urban boundaries - Peri-urban areas Policy implications - Tracking change over time - Scale - Density - Per capita indicators
  • Slide 10
  • Themes - Productivity - Sustainability - Liveability What do we need to know? - Where are we now? - Where are we going? What are we measuring? - Gaps - Overlaps - Interrelationships - Causes or correlations - Interpreting the data City indicators
  • Slide 11
  • Sydney Melbourne Brisbane Perth Adelaide Hobart Darwin Canberra 2056 2026 2006 2026 2006 2026 2006 2026 2006 2026 2006 Population growth Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009) Population Projections 2006-2100. ABS cat 3220.0
  • Slide 12
  • Population projections Multiple projections - ABS v Treasury IGR 3 v States v Agencies (eg. Health) Policy sensitive projections - Components of growth - Projected v Planned v Targets - eg. Fertility v Immigration v Labour force Spatial projections - Combining location and nature of growth What are we measuring?
  • Slide 13
  • Economic importance of cities 76% of employment 80% of economic activity (GDP) 84% of economic growth (2003-2008) Gateways to the global economyProductivity
  • Slide 14
  • Isolating factors in the city system - Eg. Urban congestion Dangers of extrapolating state data to cities - Eg. Queensland Identifying contribution of cities to regional economic activity Eg. mining and agriculture (research, distribution, administration, finance) What are we measuring? Perth Brisbane Sydney Melbourne Adelaide 0 60 100 GDP per Capita ($US 000) SOAC 2010 p. 18 Contribution of cities to productivity
  • Slide 15
  • Total Greenhouse Contribution of Australian Transport Note: total warming effects - includes both directly radiative gases and indirectly radiative gases. Sources: BTRE (2006), BITRE (2009), BITRE estimates Base case projections Emissions for international transport, to and from Australia, are estimated using half of total fuel use.Sustainability
  • Slide 16
  • Recent trends in car use Recent trends in car use What are we measuring? Source: Stanley, J. 2010 Moving People Measures of progress
  • Slide 17
  • Houses are getting bigger... but households are getting smaller! Source: BITRE analysis of ABS 2007 Cat. No. 4130.0.55.001Liveability Housing diversity Housing diversity
  • Slide 18
  • What are we measuring? Community wellbeing indicators Need for indicators Accessibility Natural landscapes Quality open space Safety Legibility Whats important to whom? Real Perceived Quality Quantity
  • Slide 19
  • Indices City indices Issue- specific indices SEIFA VAMPIRE Social inclusion Resources + Participation - Choice - Opportunity - Capability Interpreting the data Brisbane 2006 Dodson and Sipe (2008) Unsettling the suburbs. Urban Research Program, Griffith University
  • Slide 20
  • Conclusion Limitations - Data gaps - especially about the contribution of cities to productivity, sustainability, liveability - Lack of comparability - Different scales - Different methodologies - Different purposes
  • Slide 21
  • Conclusion Need a suite of indicators - Consistent geographies - Consistent time series data - More open data sources - Measures of progress not just of problems - Separating causes from correlations - Better appreciation of interrelationships between built environment and economic, social and environmental outcomes - Considering alternative futures
  • Slide 22
  • If you think you know all about a city, its probably just a town. Peter Carey, 30 Days in Sydney. Pyrmont Bridge c1900 Complex systems
  • Slide 23
  • Thank you Pyrmont Bridge 2006 Dynamic systems