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Transcript of Pioneer Wagons
Pioneer WagonsBuilt to Travel the Plains
Covered Wagon-a wagon that is pulled by oxen or horse that has a canvas top. These wagons were used to carry a family and their belongings.
Bolster (supported the wagon bed) Canvas cover Feed box (for horses, oxen) Grease bucket (held grease for wheels)Wagon tongueIron tire, hub, spokes Jockey box (held tools)Reach (pole joining the rear axle to the bolster) Wagon box (held provisions) Wagon bed Bow (holds up Canvas
Wagon tongue: a long and narrow piece of wood that connected the oxen to the wagon
Farm WagonsSides of the wagon were straight up and downThe load was tight, so it did not shiftCould haul 1600 to 2500 poundsBows reached 5 feet above head-used to protect things in wagonCanopy of canvas-type materialThe length of the top was 12-13 feetThese wagons were lighter and could turn easier, but they could not hold as much as other wagons