Philosophy and Leadership. The Classical Model

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From classical leadership model (Bennis, Boyatzis etc) to a new one, based on the classical values, of ancient Greece of course. What can make our world better? Presented in Youth Time Summer School in Siena Italy, June 2014.

Transcript of Philosophy and Leadership. The Classical Model

  • 1. Leadership & philosophy YOUTH TIME SUMMER SCHOOL SIENNA ITALY JUNE 24 2014

2. Leadership & philosophy 3. What we shall talk about How we could become better leaders meaning useful people to our communities offering things to our teams for mutual benefit Or the poet leader Pattern in history 4. Everybody talks about them. Why? 5. 3 parts + 1 conclusion Part I Classical leadership Part II Classical philosophy and leadership Part III Modern philosophy and leadership Part IV So what? 6. leadership is an art poetry is an art is leadership also poetry? Lets suppose we do accept the classical leadership matrix, dont we? 7. Part I Classical leadership 8. 1 2 3 4 INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS 9. 1 INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS 10. 1. Know thyself Know thyself means separating who you are and who you want to be, from what the world thinks you are and wants you to be 11. Know thyself Self- knowledge, self invention are lifetime processes [] Noone can teach you how to become yourself except you. 12. Know thyself You are your own best teacher Accept responsibility, blame noone You can learn anything you want to learn True understanding comes from reflecting on your experience 13. Clear? 14. 2. how to learn II systems Maintenance learning (maintain an existing system) Shock learning (occurs when events overwhelm people) eg crises 2OUTSIDE YOU 15. 2. We have the Innovative learning Anticipation (being active and imaginative rather that passive and habitual) Learning by listening to others Participation (shaping events, rather than being shaped by them) learning by action 16. Clear? 17. 3 MANAGE YOU 18. 3. Your values Conflicts and resolutions 19. Conflicts and resolutions Conflicts Blind trust vs suspicion Independence vs depend. Initiative vs imitation Industry vs inferiority Identity vs confusion Intimacy vs isolation Generosity vs selfishness Illusion vs delusion Resolutions Hope Autonomy Purpose Competence Integrity Empathy Maturity Wisdom 20. Your values Conflicts and resolutions Test and measure yourself 21. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the first test is knowing what you want, knowing your abilities and capacities, and recognizing the differences between the two. 22. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the second test is knowing what drives you, knowing what gives you satisfaction and knowing the differences between the two. 23. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the third test is knowing what your values and priorities are, knowing what the values and priorities of your organization are and measuring the differences between the two. 24. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the fourth test is- having measured the differences between what you want and what you are able to do, and between what drives you and what satisfies you, and between what your values are and what the organisations values are. 25. The question: Are you able and willing to overcome those differences? 26. Your values Conflicts & resolutions Test & measures Desire to succeed A true sense of mastery of the task at hand Strategic thinking Synthesis 27. The means of self- expression are the steps to leadership Reflection leading to resolution Resolution leading to perspective Perspective leading to point of view Point of view leading to tests and measures tests and measures leading to desire Desire leading to mastery Mastery leading to strategic thinking Strategic thinking leading to full self expression The synthesis of full- expression= leadership 28. The synthesis of full- self- expression= leadership 29. 4 MANAGE OTHERS 30. 4. You and others Moving through chaos Getting people on your side 31. Getting people on your side Constancy. Even if the leader is being surprised, he stays on the course Congruity. They practice what they teach Reliability. They are ready to support anyone Integrity. They honor their commitments and promises 32. You and others Moving through chaos Getting people on your side Integrity is the basis of trust Adopt to changes Opportunity= empowerment meaning= engagement Learning= leading 33. 1 2 3 4 34. Lets put everything in a slide 35. The modern leadership matrix Know thyself Innovative learning the synthesis of full- self-expression= leadership Learning= leading INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS 36. Part II Classical philosophy and leadership 37. The modern leadership matrix Know thyself Innovative learning the synthesis of full- self-expression= leadership Learning= leading INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS 38. Lets connect them Alexanders relation to Aristotles teaching, and also that he rejected some of them Parthenon as a societal art expression Platos philosophical dialogues Socrates Know Thyself 39. The modern leadership matrix Know thyself, then, means separating who you are and who you want to be from what the world thinks you are and wants you to be. Innovative learning Anticipation (being active and imaginative rather that passive and habitual) Learning by listening to others Participation (shaping events, rather than being shaped by them) full- expression= leadership Reflection leading to resolution Resolution leading to perspective Perspective leading to point of view Point of view leading to tests and measures tests and measures leading to desire Desire leading to mastery Mastery leading to strategic thinking Strategic thinking leading to full self expression The synthesis of full- expression= leadership You and others Moving through chaos Getting people on your side Integrity is the basis of trust Adopt to changes Opportunity= empowerment meaning= engagement Learning= leading 40. Self enhancement- Emotional awareness Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to monitor one's own and other people's emotions, to discriminate between different emotions and label them appropriately, and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior. In social psychology, self-assessment is the process of looking at oneself in order to assess aspects that are important to one's identity. It is one of the motives that drive self-evaluation, along with self verification and self enhancement. 41. How deep? 42. Do you think they were philosophers and not practitioners? 43. Several anecdotes suggest that Thales was not solely a thinker but was also involved in business and politics. One story recounts that he bought all the olive presses in Miletus after predicting the weather and a good harvest for a particular year. In another version of the same story, Aristotle explains that Thales reserved presses ahead of time at a discount only to rent them out at a high price when demand peaked, following his predictions of a particularly good harvest. This first version of the story would constitute the first creation and use of futures, whereas the second version would be the first creation and use of options. Aristotle explains that Thales' objective in doing this was not to enrich himself but to prove to his fellow Milesians that philosophy could be useful, contrary to what they thought. 44. Lets return to the story 45. WHY HIM????? 46. He was the wisest because he knew that he knew nothing 47. Died by drinking hemlock Accused for blasphemy and corrupting youth 48. Democratic Athens killed the most famous philosopher ever? 49. Does Socrates SELF ACCEPTANCE of death, remind you of anyone else? 50. Didnt they both decide to die ? 51. (We are not going to discuss about that now, because we are now talking about leadership) 52. Philosophy is a dialogue / study about the Question of death Do you know any famous death in Greece? (except Socrates) ? What was the philosophers relation to that? What is the leaders relation to that? 53. Lycurgus, Empedocles 54. Lycurgus, Empedocles Lycurgus was exiled to death Empedocles jumped into Etna, IT 55. How realistic is. To KNOW that you are going to die And not to be afraid of it. 56. How did this realization of death was translated by ancient Greek leaders? Any stories to share? 57. So realistic that led to sarcasm and cynicism 58. Self awareness that was creating people that were not afraid to die. If not what do you need to do not to be afraid of dying? 59. PAUSE We are discussing about philosophy and Sparta?? Where is Athens? Some facts about this misperception 60. Socrates, Plato & Aristotle admired the Spartan system In fact Aristotle was exiled twice from Athens 61. But we know that Athens has Parthenon, Sparta had nothing to compare to that 62. Doric Ionian CorinthianAre you sure? 63. In terms of aesthetics, Parthenon is a Doric style temple (*why so much about Parthenon??) 64. Quite impressive, isnt it? 65. Ancient Greeks actually had a complete educational system that supported self awareness Both religious (faith) and educational (logos) 66. Who Am I? Where am I going? Why I am alive? Why do we die? Does God exist? What the f* am I doing here??????????? What is worth living for? Birth of philosophy, logos etc Ulysses Art & expression 67. Emotional awareness & poets Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to monitor one's own and other people's emotions, to discriminate between different emotions and label them appropriately, and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior. = 68. Emotions = drama Dramatic question being asked to the spectator -Real time - 69. Theater Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place. The performers may communicate