Pharma Cog Nosy of Turmeric

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    NAME =SAMARTH SINGH

    ROLL NO=83

    CLASS =SEM IV

    BATCH=C

    GUIDE= SONAL .B. PATEL

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    Turmeric is used in India, as a food

    substanceIn Ayurveda, it is used as Medicine

    It is used as medicine, in Indian Homes

    traditionallyIt is used both Internally and

    Externally

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    English: Turmeric

    Latin: Curcuma Longa & CurcumaDomestica

    Hindi: Haldi, Haridra

    Gujarati :Haladar

    Arabian: Darufussukur

    Persian :Jaradpope

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    Two types of Turmeric available

    One : Long shaped rhizome

    Other : Oval shaped rhizome

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    It is cultivated, as well as self

    generated in jungles

    Found in rhizomes, oval rootsor long, thick roots

    Fresh rhizomes are known, raw

    Turmeric or fresh Turmeric

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    Raw or Fresh Turmeric is used asVegetable

    Raw Turmeric are dried or boiled inwater and after that dried, changesin Yellow colors, used as spice orMedicine

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    In Turmeric , many chemical

    substances are found

    A type of Aromatic oil 1percent

    A sticky substance

    A Yellow coloring substance

    A sticky oil

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    Description of Medicinal

    properties are available in

    Ayurveda classicsBitter in taste, pungent and

    hot and dry in nature

    Effective to cure, AyurvedicTridosha : Vata and Kappha

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    It is used in the treatment of all Skindisorders, discoloration of skin,anomalies of Urine, Diabetes,

    anomalies of blood, Swellings,Hepatospleenomegaly, all nature ofWounds, Boils etc.

    Modern scientific evaluation showsthe wide use of Turmeric in manyailing conditions like Cancer,Diebeties etc

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    Bitter in taste, pungent, warm

    effects,

    Aromatic

    StimulentTonic

    Carminative

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    T.S OF TURMERIC

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    MACROSCOPIC STUDY

    >Rhizomes ovate, oblong or pyriform(round turmeric) or cylindrical, often

    short branched (long turmeric), former

    about half as broad as long, latter 2-5

    cm long.> 1-1.8 cm thick, externally yellowish to

    yellowish-brown with root scars and

    annulations of leaf bases, fracture

    horny, fractured surface orange toreddish brown,

    >central cylinder twice as broad as

    cortex: odour and taste characteristic.

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    MICROSCOPIC STUDY>Transverse section of rhizome shows epidermis

    with thick-walled, cubical cells of variousdimensions, cortex characterised by the presence

    of mostly thin-walled rounded

    >Parenchyma cells scattered collateral vascularbundles, a few layers of cork developed

    > Epidermis and scattered oleo-resin cells with

    brownish contents; cork generally composed of 4-

    6 layers of thin-walled, brick-shaped parenchyma,cells of ground tissue

    contain starch grains of 4-15 in diameter, oil cell

    with suberised walls either orange-yellow globules

    of volatile oil or amorphous resinous matter

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    CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

    >>Essential oil contains ar-turmerone, and ar-curcumene as major constituents. Some of

    the other compounds are a-and b-pinene,

    sabinene, myrcene, a-terpinene, limonene,

    p-cymene, perillyl alcohol,turmerone,eugenol, iso-eugenol, eugenol methyl ether

    and iso-eugenol methyl ether.

    >>Curcumin and related compounds have alsobeen reported as major constituents of the

    rhizomes. Recently a number of

    sesquiterpenes have been reported from C.

    longa,

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    CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS CONTD ..

    >>C. longa contains curcumin,

    alkaloid and an essential oil. Dry

    rhizomes of C. longa yield 5.8%

    essential oil.

    >> A ketone and an alcohol is

    obtained from the volatile

    distillate. Fresh rhizomes yield0.24% oil

    containing Zingiberine

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    CHEM CONSTITUENTS CONTD --

    >>The essential oil (5.8%) obtained bysteam distillation of dry rhizomes have

    been reported to contain b-phellandrene,

    d-sabinene, cineole, borneol, Zingiberene

    and sesquiterpene ketones (50%).

    >>In the recent analysis of the essential

    oil, turmerone (29.3%), ar-turmerine

    (23.6%) and sabinone (0.6%) have beenidentified in the ketonic fraction besides

    p-cymene, iso-caryophyllene, trans- b-

    farnesene, d-curcumene, b-bisbolene and

    b-sesquiphellandrene

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    Curcumin keto form

    Curcumin enol form

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    Anthelmintic

    BronchitisDiabetes

    Flatulence

    Weak state of StomachOphthalmic disorders

    Nasal disorders : Sinusitis, Fleshy growth

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    Turmeric is very effective inEosinophillia

    Should be taken One gram powder

    with warm water 4 times a day

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    Effective medication in all nature of

    Allergy and allergic reactions

    One gram to be taken three times aday with plain water

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    One / two gram powder should be

    taken 3 hourly, 5 times a day

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    Cleaning foul ulcers

    Dressing for sprains, bruises,contusedwounds,black eyes,

    Inflammatory affections of the joints

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    Adult : Fine Powder 1 4 gms

    Children : 100 mgs 500 mgs

    Repetition : should be taken 3 or 4times a day

    It is totally safe and have no anyside effects

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    >>Connell, D.W. and Jordan, R.A.1971. Composition and distinctivevolatile flavour characteristics of the essential oil from Australian grown

    ginger. J. Sci. Fed. Agric., 22:93.

    >>Abraham, V.A. and Pillai, G.B. 1974. Biology and bionics of insect pests

    of ginger and turmeric.Annual report, CPCRI, Kasaragod. p.145.

    >>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CurcuminKeto.svg

    >>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814608009084

    REFERENCES

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