PERSONkwjejwkewjkewjALITY ppt.pptx

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    PERSONALITYGroup Members:

    Gaurish Vashist 100

    Kashish Goel 101Jatin 102

    Sagar Teotia 103

    Ayush Jain 104

    Ruchi Bhalla 105

    Mudit Mittal 106

    Topics covered:

    Concept of

    Personality

    Factors in shaping

    personality

    John Hollands Job-

    fit theory

    Psycho-Analytical

    Theory

    Stages of

    PersonalityDevelopment

    Chris Argyriss

    Theory

    Traits of Personality

    Personality Traits

    influencing OB

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    What is Personality?

    42

    Gordan Allport, a well

    known psychologist

    defined:-

    Personalityis the

    dynamic organizationWithin the individual

    of those Psycho-physical

    systems that determine

    his unique adjustment to

    the environment.

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    Thing s that Contr ibu te in Determ ining

    Personal i ty

    Personality

    Words you Speak

    Body Language

    Way to meet people

    Ability to handle pressure

    Willingnessto

    take challenges

    Your thoughts andideas

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    Factors in Shaping of Personality

    HeredityBrain

    Emotional Make-up or Temperament

    InterestsMotives

    Physical Traits

    Family FactorsSocial Factors

    Situational Factors

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    John Holland

    Typology of

    Personality

    and

    Congruent

    Occupations

    45

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    Relationships Among

    Personality Types

    4-6

    The closer theoccupational

    fields, the more

    compatible.

    The furtherapart the fields,

    the more

    dissimilar.

    Need to match

    personality type with

    occupation as it

    determines the

    satisfaction and turnover.

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    PSYCHO-ANALYTICAL

    THEORY OF PERSONALITYAccording to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical theory ofpersonality, personality is composed of three element.

    These three element of personality known as id, the egoand the superego work together to create complexhuman behavior.

    The Id The Id is the foundation of unconscious behavior and is

    base of libido drives.

    It has animalistic instincts of aggression, power anddomination.

    It demands immediate pleasure at whatever cost.

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    The Ego

    The ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality.

    According to Freud, it develops from the Id.

    It ensure that the impulse of the Id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the realworld.

    It functions in both the conscious and unconscious mind.

    The super ego

    The super ego higher level force to restrain the id and is described as the conscience ofa person.

    It represents the norms of the individual, his family and society and is an ethical constrainton the behavior.

    A person may not be aware of working of super ego because conscience is developed bycultural value.

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    Stages of personality

    development

    as per FreudianFreud proposed that ones personality

    develops as ones age increases. he

    divided personality development underfive stages:

    (1) Oral stage(2) Anal stage

    (3) Phallic stage

    (4) Latency stage

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    Criticism of Freudian

    personality development Critics have criticized Freud for his sex

    based theory on personality

    development.

    Freud has not included the physicaland sense organs.

    Theory based on a theoretical

    conception , rather than a measurableitem for scientific verification .

    Not relevant from behavioral scientific

    point of view

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    Individuals progress at different rates from the total immaturity of

    early childhood (being passive, dependent, shallow, limited activity) to

    maturity (active, independent, deeper thoughts, more varied interests).

    Most organizations have bureaucratic or pyramidal values that foster

    immaturity in workers.

    In many cases, when people join the workforce, they are kept from

    maturing by the management practices utilized in their organizations.

    At various stages a personnel can react in their degree of development

    which is shown in the next slide.

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    Sixteen

    Primary

    Traits

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    The Big Five

    Model

    414

    Diff t P lit P tt

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    Different Personality Patterns

    which influence

    organizational behavior are:-Authoritarianism

    Machiavellianism

    Introversion & Extroversion Type A & Type B Personality

    Self Concept & Self Esteem

    Locus of Control

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    Personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures.

    F.Scott Fitzgerald, U.S author