Personal Narrative

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Personal Narrative. Why write personal narratives?. Money in scholarships Most scholarship essays ask for a personal experience that connects to the organization that gives the scholarship or to an event that connects to a certain occupation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Personal Narrative

  • Why write personal narratives?Money in scholarshipsMost scholarship essays ask for a personal experience that connects to the organization that gives the scholarship or to an event that connects to a certain occupationPracticing writing personal narratives allows you to hone those skills for your senior year which will then result in money for college

  • What is a personal narrative?A personal narrative is a story about yourself and an event that happened in your pastNarrative=StoryIt is the most creative essay and allows you more freedom than other academic essays.

  • Components of a storySetting=Where the action in a story happens.Thesis Statement=Basic idea or point of the story what you learned, or how the event is significant to you.Tone=Feeling or atmosphere the author creates for the story.Characters =The people in the storyPlot=What happens in the story

  • Introduction-NarrativeDescribe the background of the story (characters, setting, atmosphere)Prepare the reader on what to expect in the story.Folse (2004) believes that in introductions, you should have an attention getter/hook that will grab the readers attention, as well as a thesis that organizes the essay.

  • What is an attention getter/hook?

    The first two or three lines in the introductory paragraph that grabs the readers attention. Helps set the stage for the story.Makes readers guess what will happen next in the story.

  • How to write a good attention getter/hookLike a fish getting hooked by a fisherman, you need to hook your readers and make them want to read your essay.If its a good hook, people would want to read your essay.If it is not a good hook, then no one wants to read your essay.

  • Some suggestionsAsk a rhetorical question. (How many of you spend hours downloading music to your iPod?) Use an interesting observation (Because of the economy, President Obama is having problems sleeping well these days.)Create a unique scenario. (Traveling at more than 300 km per hour, he traveled to another dimension.)Use a famous quote (To be or not to be; that is the question.)Use a statistic (If world temperatures continue to rise, Singapore will be under water by 2050.)

  • Attention Getters/Hooks-Connecting InformationAfter the attention getter/hook, the writer usually writes three to five sentences that connect it to the topic.Example from Keith Folse: Her daily routine was not glamorous. She did everything from sweeping the floors to cooking the meals. If someone had asked her, Are there any household chores that you practically hate?, she probably would have answered, None.

  • ExampleWrite a sample hook for this paragraph:

    At 16 I worked in the toy department of Sears Department Store, where I learned that I enjoyed helping people. I always went out of my way to help people because I learned that if I worked hard, I would succeed. This is the reason why I want to go to business school and work in business.

  • ExampleI had never been more anxious in my life. I had just spent the last three hours trying to get to the airport so that I could travel home.

    What questions do you have? What do you think will happen next?

  • ThesisStates the main idea of the essay (thesis statement).In narrative essays, they introduce the action that begins in the first paragraph of the essay.

  • ExamplesNow, as I watched the bus driver set my luggage on the airport, I realized that my frustration has only just begun.I wanted my mother to watch me race down the steep hill, so I called out her name and then nudged my bike forward.Because his pride wouldnt allow him to apologize, Ken now had to fight the bully, and he was pretty sure that he wouldnt win.

  • Body Contains most of the plot-the supporting information.Can be organized in many different ways. One way is chronological, or time, order (where you give more information about the story as it proceeds in time).

  • Transitional SentencesHave two purposesSignal the end of action in one paragraphLink the next paragraph.

    Gives your reader an ability to follow what happens and predicts what will happen next.

  • Concluding ParagraphCan have two functions:Analyze and reflect on the action of the storyWhat the character(s) learned from the experience.Make a prediction about what will happen next based on what happened.

  • ExamplesMoral: The little boy had finally learned that telling the truth was the most important thing to do.

    Prediction/Revelation: I can only hope that one day I will be able to do the same for another traveler who is suffering through a terrible journey.

  • Example Narrative EssayHave you ever had trouble trying to get to someplace very important? Where were you going? Why were you having problems?

    What is a hero? What do you consider to be a heroic act?

  • Paragraph UnityEach paragraph of an essay must have unity.A paragraph must have one main idea/topic sentence.Every sentence in the paragraph must be relevant to that main idea.

  • Paragraph Unity-ExampleAs you manage your time, think about how long certain activities will take. A common mistake is to underestimate the time needed to do something simple. For example, when you are planning to go to the store, there may be a line of people. Last week in line I met a woman I went to high school with, so we chatted. It turns out she has two children just the same age as mine.

  • Transitions: Connectors and Time Relationship WordsShow how events progress.

    Chronological Order- first (second, third, etc.), next, finally, later, now, then

    Prepositions- after (a moment), at (1pm), by (Thursday), during (class), until (6:00)

    Time Words that begin clauses- after, as soon as, before, (two weeks) later, from then on, when, while, whenever, until

  • BrainstormingUsing The Bass, the River, and Sheila Mant:Find the elements of narratives for each one:Plot DiagramDoes it have all parts?Attention Getter/HookWhat type?Thesis StatementWhere is it?Transitions: Connectors/Time RelationshipWords- Topic Sentences for each ParagraphConcluding ParagraphWhat the character(s) learned from the experience.Prediction?