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  • PERCEIVED PARENTING STYLES, EMOTION RECOGNITION, AND EMOTION REGULATION IN RELATION TO PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING: SYMPTOMS

    OF DEPRESSION, OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER, AND SOCIAL ANXIETY

    A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

    OF MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

    BY

    B. TRKLER AKA

    IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR

    THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN

    THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    JUNE 2011

  • Approval of the Graduate School of Social Sciences

    Prof. Dr. Meliha Altunk Director

    I certify that this thesis satisfies all the requirements as a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

    Prof. Dr. Nebi Smer Head of Department

    This is to certify that we have read this thesis and that in our opinion it is fully adequate, in scope and quality, as a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.

    Prof.Dr. Tlin Genz Supervisor Examining Committee Members

    Assoc.Prof.Dr. idem Soykan (M + PSYCH)

    Prof. Dr. Tlin Genz (METU, PSY)

    Prof. Dr. Bengi ner-zkan (METU, PSY)

    Asst. Prof. Dr. Mithat Durak (AIBU, PSY)

    Asst. Prof. Dr. zlem Bozo (METU, PSY)

  • iii

    I hereby declare that all information in this document has been obtained and

    presented in accordance with academic rules and ethical conduct. I also

    declare that, as required by these rules and conduct, I have fully cited and

    referenced all material and results that are not original to this work.

    Name, Last name : B. Trkler AKA

    Signature :

  • iv

    ABSTRACT

    PERCEIVED PARENTING STYLES, EMOTION RECOGNITION, AND EMOTION

    REGULATION IN RELATION TO PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING: SYMPTOMS

    OF DEPRESSION, OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER, AND SOCIAL

    ANXIETY

    Aka, B. Trkler

    Ph.D., Department of Psychology

    Supervisor : Prof. Dr. Tlin Genz

    June 2011, 223 pages

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the path of perceived parenting

    styles, emotion recognition, emotion regulation, and psychological well-being in

    terms of depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and social anxiety symptoms

    consequently. For the purpose of this study 530 adults (402 female, 128 male)

    between the ages of 18 and 36 (M = 22.09, SD = 2.78) participated in the current

    study. The data was collected by a questionnaire battery including a Demographic

    Category Sheet, Short-EMBU (Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran- My Memories

    of Upbringing), Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (Revised), Emotion Regulation

    Questionnaire, Emotion Regulation Processes, Beck Depression Inventory,

  • v

    Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory, White

    Bear Suppression Inventory, Thought-Action Fusion Scale, and Emotional Approach

    Coping Scale. The psychometric properties of Emotion Regulation Questionnaire

    and Emotion Regulation Processes were investigated and found to have good

    validity and reliability characteristics. The three sets of hierarchical multiple

    regression analyses were conducted to reveal the significant associates of

    psychological well-being. As expected, the results of the current study revealed that

    perceived parenting styles, different emotion regulation strategies and processes

    had associated with psychological well-being in terms of depression, obsessive-

    compulsive disorder and social anxiety symptoms. The findings, and their

    implications with suggestions for future research and practice, were discussed in the

    light of relevant literature.

    Keywords: Emotion Regulation, Emotion Recognition, Perceived Parenting Styles,

    Psychological Well-Being

  • vi

    Z

    ALGILANAN EBEVEYN TUTUMLARI, DUYGU TANIMA VE DUYGU DZENLEME

    LE DEPRESYON, OBSESF-KOMPULSF BOZUKLUK VE SOSYAL KAYGI

    BELRTLER ARASINDAK LK

    Aka, B. Trkler

    Doktora, Psikoloji Blm

    Tez Yneticisi : Prof. Dr. Tlin Genz

    Haziran 2011, 223 sayfa

    Bu almann amac alglanan ebeveyn tutumlar, duygu tanma ve duygu

    dzenleme ile depresyon, obsesif-kompulsif bozukluk ve sosyal kayg belirtileri

    arasndaki balanty incelemektir. Bu amala, yalar 18 ve 36 (Ort = 22.09, Sd =

    2.78) arasnda olan 530 yetikin (402 kadn, 128 erkek) almaya katlmtr. Bu

    almann verisi Demografik Bilgi Formu, Alglanan Ebeveyn Tutumlar - Ksa

    Formu, Zihni Gzlerden Okuma Testi, Duygu Dzenleme lei, Duygu

    Dzenleme Sreleri, Beck Depresyon Envanteri, Liebowitz Sosyal Kayg lei,

    Maudsley Obsesif-Kompulsif Soru Listesi, Beyaz Ay Supresyon Envanteri,

    Dnce - Eylem Kaynamas lei ve Duygusal Baa kma lei kullanlarak

    toplanmtr. almada, Duygu Dzenleme lei ve Duygu Dzenleme Sreleri

  • vii

    lei geerlilik ve gvenilirlik asndan incelenmi ve yeterli bulunmutur.

    Depresyon, obsesif-kompulsif bozukluk ve sosyal kayg belirtilerinin anlaml

    ilikilerini gstermek iin adet regresyon analizi gerekletirilmitir. Bu almann

    sonular, beklendii ekilde, farkl ebeveyn tutumlar, duygu dzenleme biimleri ve

    srelerinin; depresyon, obsesif-kompulsif bozukluk ve sosyal kayg belirtileri ile

    ilikilerini gstermitir. Tm sonular ilgili literatr nda tartlm, aratrma ve

    uygulama asndan ileride yaplabilecek almalar nerilmitir.

    Anahtar Kelimeler: Duygu Dzenleme, Duygu Tanma, Alglanan Ebeveyn

    Tutumlar, Psikolojik yi Olma Durumu

  • viii

    To my beautiful parents;

    Glser & Halk AKA

  • ix

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    First of all, I want to thank Prof. Dr. Tlin Genz, for her support,

    understanding, acceptance and encouragement throughout my thesis and all other

    studies of my academic life. I think being a mentor is much more difficult than being

    a supervisor because the relationship between the student and the supervisor

    usually exceeds the limits of academic life and counts on the limits of personal

    relationships. She is a really good mentor with whom you can always feel secure,

    warm and accepted. Her contributions to the road that Im taking in life, in terms of

    emotions, ideas and beliefs, are undeniable. I will always feel lucky to know her.

    I also want to thank Assoc. Prof. Dr. idem Soykan for being in my jury and

    in my life. Besides the valuable feedback she gave during my jury, the way she

    looks through life and the role-model she constitutes both as a therapist and as a

    human-being, are very precious to me. I am very grateful both for her contributions

    to the process of searching myself and for the opportunities she and Prof. Dr. Atilla

    Soykan have provided in Mart Psychotherapy.

    Furthermore, I want to thank Prof. Dr. Bengi ner-zkan, Asst. Prof. Dr.

    Mithat Durak and Asst. Prof. Dr. zlem Bozo for being in my jury and the valuable

    feedback they provided.

    I owe very special thanks to Prof. Dr. Grol Seyitolu, Prof. Dr. Emine Gl-

    Kap, Asst. Prof. Dr. Sait Ulu, Asst. Prof. Dr. Ekin Eremsoy, and Asst. Prof. Dr.

    Sine Eeci for their help during data collection.

    Moreover, I also want to thank to the members of the project that I have been

    involved in; Prof. Dr. Ferhunde ktem, Prof. Dr. Tlin Genz, Prof. Dr. Glsen

  • x

    Erden, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nilhan Sezgin and Asst. Prof. Dr. Sait Ulu for their support

    and understanding. It is a pleasure for me to work with them.

    Apart from being the year of the thesis, this year also has been the year of

    the women for me. I would like to thank,

    Sezin Gner for being a sister to me since 1992,

    yk Mane for being one of the few people who give unconditional positive

    regard in my life and believing in me all the way along,

    Ece Tuncay for sharing her single child secrets and innermost feelings,

    Miray Akyunus for her genuine friendship and valuable emotional support,

    rem Alata and Bediz Bke ren for showing me their strength against life

    and sharing their feelings and thoughts,

    Zeynep Eren for showing me a person like her exist and giving me hope for

    future existence,

    Birce Arslandoan for coming back to my life.

    The men in my life also deserve very special thanks. I would like to thank

    Fatih Cemil Kavcolu, alar Karasu, Refik Burak Atatr, M. Frat Ant, nar

    Akman, Hakan Trkolu, Alphan Es, Yunus Emre Frat and Attila Batur for their

    friendship, support and love.

    For 12 years, I have been living in Ankara. I owed too much to this city. I am

    grateful for all of the challenges, blessings and dragons it had provided.

    Last, but not least, I would like to thank my parents, to Glser and Halk Aka.

    I definitely love them, but more important than that I incredibly respect them. Their

    understanding, caring, knowledge, unconditional positive regard, love for life,

    strength against life, and fight for humanity go beyond my imagination. The thing

  • xi

    that make me really excited about them is the idea that I would still respect them as

    much as I do now if they were not my parents. They are my invisible heroes.

  • xii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    PLAGIARISM..............................................................................................................iii

    ABSTRACT.......................................................