Pennsylvania Fact Sheet

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    Pennsylvania :Snapshot of Poverty, Income,

    and Health Insurance Coverage

    33 West Grand Avenue , Sui te 500 | Chicago , I l l ino is 60654 | 312 .870 .4949 | [email protected] t lan da l l iance .org

    The newly released data from the U.S. Census Bureaus American Community Surveyprovide a glimpse of the ongoing impacts of the Great Recession for millions of indi-viduals and families. This snapshot of your communitys data includes a comparisonof 2010 data to 2009 and 1999, illustrating trends over time. Fact sheets for addition-

    al geographies are available at http://www.heartlandalliance.org/research/current-and-local-data/local-fact-sheets.html.

    The effects of the Great Recession on unemployment, poverty, and income are still being felt by millions of individuals and families, and the eroding safety net means that while there are more people in need, there arefewer resources to help them. Preserving, extending, and strengthening these solutions can help keep morepeople from falling into poverty and help those struggling to meet their basic needs:

    Fund safety net and bene it programs such as SNAP (food stamps), TANF, Medicaid, and the EarnedIncome Tax Credit, which help poor and near-poor individuals and families bridge the gap between lowincomes and meeting their most basic needs. These programs not only help reduce poverty, but alsogenerate additional economic activity in local communities.

    Continue Unemployment Insurance for those seeking employment, which will help protect people whoare out of work and keep families out of poverty.

    Invest in subsidized and transitional employment programs to help disadvantaged workers andstruggling businesses weather the stalled economy and create jobs that will put people back to work andthat pay living wages.

    2010 data from the U.S. Census Bureaus American Community Survey

    Social IMPACT Research Center, a program of Heartland Alliance

    September 22, 2011 (version 1)

    poverty

    overview

    Poverty Rate in 2010: 13.4 % The poverty rate rose from 12.5 % in 2009, which is

    a statistically signi icant change. The poverty rate rose from 11.0 % in 1999, which is

    a statistically signi icant change.

    Number in Poverty in 2010: 1,648,184 The number of people in poverty rose from

    1,516,705 in 2009, whichis a statistically signi icant change.

    The number of people in poverty rose from1,304,117 in 1999, whichis a statistically signi icant change.

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    Pennsylvania Poverty Rates Over Time

    1999 2007 2008 2009 2010

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    extreme poverty

    child povertyincomeMedian Household Income in 2010:$49,288 Median household income declined by 2.1%

    from $ 50,337 in 2009, which is a statisticallysigni icant change.

    Median household income declined by 6.1%from $ 52,480 in 1999, which is a statisticallysigni icant change.

    Child poverty re lects children who are related to their household head.

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    Extreme poverty is de ined as half the poverty line or 50% FPL.

    All prior years income data have been updated to 2010 dollars.

    Extreme Poverty Rate in 2010: 5.9 % The extreme poverty rate rose from 5.5% in 2009,

    which is a statistically signi icant change. The extreme poverty rate rose from 5.1% in 1999,

    which is a statistically signi icant change.

    Number in Extreme Poverty in 2010:726,102 The number of people in extreme poverty rose

    from 666,338 in 2009, which is a statisticallysigni icant change.

    The number of people in extreme poverty rose from 600,304 in 1999, which is a statisticallysigni icant change.

    Child Poverty Rate in 2010: 18.8 % The child poverty rate rose from 16.8 % in

    2009, which is a statistically signi icant change. The child poverty rate rose from 14.3 % in

    1999, which is a statistically signi icant change.

    Number of Children in Poverty in 2010:511,926 The number of children in poverty rose from

    454,502 in 2009, which is a statisticallysigni icant change.

    The number of children in poverty rose from408,079 in 1999, which is a statisticallysigni icant change.

    In 2010, a family of three

    was considered extremely poor if theirannual income was below $8,687.

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    Pennsylvania Extreme Poverty Rates Over Time

    1999 2007 2008 2009 2010

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    Pennsylvania Median Household IncomeOver Time

    1999 2007 2008 2009 2010

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    low income

    health insurance coverage

    Health insurance data re lect the civilian, non-institutionalized population under65 years old; sum of uninsured, privately, and publicly insured percents do not addup to 100 because for certain populations it is possible have both public and privatecoverage.

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    Uninsured Rate in 2010: 11.9 % The uninsured rate rose from 11.5 % in

    2009, which is a statistically signi icant change.

    Number of Uninsured in 2010:1,263,096 The number of people without health

    insurance rose from 1,211,216 in 2009,which is a statistically signi icant change

    Type of Insurance in 2010:

    72.7 % are covered by private insurance. 19.5 % are covered by public insurance. 11.9 % are uninsured.

    Low income is de ined as above the poverty line but below twice the poverty line. or 100-199% FPL.

    Low Income Rate in 2010: 17.3 % The low income rate rose from 16.8 % in 2009, whichis a statistically signi icant change. The low income rate rose from 16.4 % in 1999, whichis a statistically signi icant change.

    Number with Low Incomes in 2010: 2,130,231 The number of people with low incomes rose from 2,040,844 in 2009, which is a statistically

    signi icant change. The number of people with low incomes rose from 1,952,511 in 1999, which is a statistically

    signi icant change.

    In 2010, a family of three wasconsidered low income if their annual

    income was between $17,374 and$34,748.

    Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania Health Insurance Coverage,

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    P e r c e n t o

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