PEACE Theme 6 :Resolving and transforming conflicts
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social dimension of education
Transcript of PEACE Theme 6 :Resolving and transforming conflicts
- 1. PEACETHEME 6:
- 2. It is a natural part of life. It is from the Latin word conflictus which means striking together with force. It occurs when ones action or beliefs are unacceptable to and resisted by the other (Forsyth,1990).
- 3. WHY DO CONFLICTS ARISE? Territorial Disputes Ethnic and Religious Animosities Ideological and Power Struggles Social Injustice Search for Statehood Trade and Market Competitions Contest over Economic Resources among others.
- 4. DEALING with ANGER in a CONFLICTS SITUATION ANGER is one of the more commonly experienced emotions when parties are in conflict.
- 5. Recognize that you are angry Distance yourself from the situation Release anger physically in indirect forms Use relaxation techniques Calm your mind Apply therapeutic techniques Turn to spiritual support Use social support Redirect energy Cry it out
- 6. Describe the behavior that angers you. Describe how you feel about the behavior. Describe the reason for your feeling.
- 7. HOW DO WE DEAL WITH OTHER PEOPLES ANGER? Allow expression. Listen. Do not counter attack. Stand in the shoe of the other. Help him/her to calm down. Paraphrase/Clarify. Explain your situation. Look into options together. If you cant deal with other persons wrath, ask for help.
- 8. Avoidance or withdrawal Aggression Accommodation Compromise Collaboration
- 9. Steps in the Collaborative Problem Solving Approach StoryTelling Focusing Thinking up Concurring
- 10. Speak in a gentle, non-threatening manner. Think carefully of what you are going to say. Use the I-message. Admit your own responsibility to the conflict. Avoid using hazy statements and global words such as always and never. Be willing to tell the other person his/her positive attributes. Show positive regard and respect. Be tough on the problem, not on the person. Dont take anything personally Be solution oriented.
- 11. Actively listen. Listen with empathy. Accept criticism of your ideas or behavior. Paraphrase what you heard and clarify when needed.
- 12. Impartial to establish trust among parties in conflict. Nonjudgmental and understanding. Know how to reframe situations and broaden perspective. Show regard and concern for parties in conflict. Anticipate a positive outcome and influence adversaries.
- 13. PEACABLE CLASSROOM characterized by affirmation, cooperation, communication, appreciation for diversity, appropriate expression of feelings and peaceful conflict resolution. (William Kreidler)
- 14. Declare your classroom a zone of peace and establish rules to achieve it. As the teacher, let this peace begin with you. Affirm your student. Express feelings appropriately and encourage students to do so. Encourage respect for and acceptance of differences. Employ more cooperative than competitive activities. Teach students how to resolve conflicts peacefully and constructively. Practice students skills of communication.