Paradox Valley Unit of the Colorado River Basin Salinity ... Paradox Valley Unit of the Colorado...

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  • Paradox Valley Unit of the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program

    DRAFT Environmental Impact Statement Volume I

    U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Upper Colorado Region Western Colorado Area Office Grand Junction, Colorado December 2019

    Estimated lead agency costs for preparing this EIS: $1,844,000

  • MISSION STATEMENTS The mission of the Department of the Interior is to protect and manage the nation’s natural resources and cultural heritage; provide scientific and other information about those resources; and honor its trust responsibilities or special commitments to American Indians, Alaska natives, and affiliated island communities. The mission of the Bureau of Reclamation is to manage, develop, and protect water and related resources in an environmentally and economically sound manner in the interest of the American public.

  • Paradox Valley Unit of the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program Draft Environmental Impact Statement Proposed action: Construct, operate, and maintain the Paradox Valley Unit, Montrose

    County, Colorado, in compliance with the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act

    Lead agency: Bureau of Reclamation, Upper Colorado Region Responsible official: U.S. Department of the Interior, Secretary of the Interior Cooperating agencies: Federal:

    U.S. Army Corps of Engineers U.S. Bureau of Land Management U.S. Environmental Protection Agency U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Geological Survey

    State: Arizona Department of Water Resources Colorado Department of Natural Resources Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment Colorado River Board of California Colorado River Commission of Nevada New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission Utah Department of Environmental Quality Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality Wyoming State Engineer’s Office

    Quasi-State and Local: Colorado River Water Conservation District Montrose County, Colorado Southern Nevada Water Authority Southwestern Water Conservation District

    For further information, contact: Ms. Lesley McWhirter

    Bureau of Reclamation, Upper Colorado Region Western Colorado Area Office 445 West Gunnison Ave., Suite 221 Grand Junction, CO 81501 (970) 248-0608 lmcwhirter@usbr.gov

    Comment period: The comment period begins with the Federal Register Notice of

    Availability and extends for 60 days after that date.

    mailto:lmcwhirter@usbr.gov

  • This page intentionally left blank.

  • ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS A AADT annual average daily traffic Acre-feet/year acre-feet per year Amec Amec Foster Wheeler Environment & Infrastructure, Inc. APE area of potential effect APEN Air Pollutant Emission Notice AUM Animal Unit Month

    B Basin states Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming BIF brine injection facility BLM Bureau of Land Management BMPs best management practices

    C CAA Clean Air Act of 1970 CaCO3 calcium carbonate CCF hundred cubic feet CCR Code of Colorado Regulations CDOT Colorado Department of Transportation CDPHE Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CFL compact fluorescent lamp CFR Code of Federal Regulations cfs cubic foot/feet per second CH4 methane CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide CO2e carbon dioxide equivalent CPW Colorado Parks and Wildlife CRSS Colorado River Support System CWA Clean Water Act of 1972 CWCB Colorado Water Conservation Board

    D dB decibel(s) dBA a-weighted decibels DEIS draft environmental impact statement DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOI U.S. Department of the Interior DPOC Drainage Pump Outlet Channel DWCD Dolores Water Conservancy District DWR State of Colorado, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Water

    Resources

  • E EIS environmental impact statement EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EQIP Environmental Quality Incentives Program ESA Endangered Species Act of 1973 et seq. and the following

    F FEIS final environmental impact statement FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FLPMA Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 FWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

    G GHG greenhouse gas GIS geographic information system GLO Government Land Office gpd gallon(s) per day GPS global positioning system gpm gallon(s) per minute GWh gigawatt hour(s) GWP global warming potential

    H H2S hydrogen sulfide HUC hydrologic unit code Hwy highway

    I IBWC International Boundary and Water Commission IMPLAN an economic impact analysis input-output model

    K KOP key observation point kW kilowatt(s)

    L lb/day pound(s) per day Leadville Mississippian Leadville Limestone Formation Formation LED light-emitting diode

    M M magnitude (for earthquakes) M&E monitoring and evaluation MASIP Maximum Allowable Surface Injection Pressure mg/L milligram(s) per liter

  • MODE Main Outlet Drain Extension MWh megawatt hours

    N N2O nitrous oxide NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards NEPA National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 NHPA National Historic Preservation Act NIB Northerly International Boundary NO2 nitrogen dioxide NOI Notice of Intent NOx nitrogen oxide NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NRHP National Register of Historic Places NSR New Source Review

    O O3 ozone O&M operation and maintenance OM&R Operation, Maintenance & Replacement ORVs outstandingly remarkable values OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    P pH potential hydrogen PKPP Pilot Knob Power Plant and Wasteway PM2.5 particulate matter 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter PM10 particulate matter 10 micrometers or less in diameter ppm parts per million PSD Prevention of Significant Deterioration PVU Paradox Valley Unit

    R RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Reclamation Bureau of Reclamation RMP resource management plan ROD record of decision ROW right-of-way

    S Salinity Control Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program Program SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 Secretary U.S. Secretary of the Interior SHPO State Historic Preservation Officer SIL significant impact level

  • SO2 sulfur dioxide STF surface treatment facility

    T TDS total dissolved solids tons/year tons per year TRFO BLM Tres Rios Field Office TSC Technical Service Center TSP total suspended particles

    U UFO BLM Uncompahgre Field Office UIC Underground Injection Control U.S. United States U.S.-Mexico 1944 U.S.-Mexico Treaty for the Utilization of the Waters of the Colorado Agreement and Tijuana Rivers and of the Rio Grande USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers U.S.C. United States Code USGS U.S. Geological Survey UST underground storage tank

    V VAC volts alternating current VOC volatile organic compound VRM visual resource management

    W WCAO Western Colorado Area Office WSA Wilderness Study Area WSR Wild and Scenic River

    Z ZLD zero-liquid discharge

    Numbers 3D 3 dimensional

    Symbols ° degree < less than ≤ less than or equal to % percent ± plus or minus § Section

  • December 2019 Paradox Valley Unit Draft EIS i

    CONTENTS Page

    Executive Summary ................................................................................................................ ES-1 ES.1 Introduction ..........................................................................................................ES-1 ES.2 Project Description ..............................................................................................ES-1 ES.3 Setting ..................................................................................................................ES-2 ES.4 Summary of Proposed Federal Action .................................................................ES-4 ES.5 Purpose of and Need for Action ..........................................................................ES-4 ES.6 Goals and Objectives ...........................................................................................ES-4 ES.7 Alternatives ..........................................................................................................ES-5

    ES.7.1 Alternative A—No Action .......................................................................ES-5 ES.7.2 Alternative B—New Deep Injection Well ...............................................ES-5 ES.7.3 Alternative C—Evaporation Ponds .........................................................ES-6 ES.7.4 Alternative D—Zero-Liquid Discharge Technology ...............................ES-7

    ES.8 Major Conclusions and Areas of Controversy .....................................................ES-7 ES.8.1 Alternative A—No Action .....................................................................ES-11 ES.8.2 Alternative B—New Deep Injection Well .............................................ES-11 ES.8.3 Alternative C—Evaporation Ponds .......................................................ES-12 ES.8.4 Alternative D—Zero Liquid Discharge Technology .............................ES-12

    Chapter 1 – Purpose of and Need for Action .......................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Background and Project History ............................................................................ 1-1 1.2 Summary of Proposed Federal Action .