Pacific Aid Map Methodology - Lowy Institute ... how the dataset of the Lowy Institute Aid Map was...

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Transcript of Pacific Aid Map Methodology - Lowy Institute ... how the dataset of the Lowy Institute Aid Map was...

  • 1 September 2020

    Pacific Aid Map Methodology

    Authors: Alexandre Dayant and Jonathan Pryke*

    The purpose of the Lowy Institute Pacific Aid Map is to trace all foreign assistance projects

    from the international community to the fourteen sovereign states of the Pacific Islands region,

    namely Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru,

    Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Once

    collected and validated, this data was then combined and harmonised into a single database.

    This database was then displayed in an interactive online format that is visually appealing,

    intuitive, easy to use and freely available. Data has been collected from 2010 onwards. At the

    time that the project was pitched to DFAT for funding in 2011, it represented a five-year

    timeframe. By the time the Pacific Aid Map has been released, this time series has expanded to

    eight years (six years of which are comprehensive reporting). The 2020 version of Pacific Aid

    Map covers a ten-year time period stretching between 2010-2020.

    This methodology outlines in detail every step of this process. It details how projects were

    originally identified, how they were verified and how data from individual donors was

    manipulated and harmonised. The objective of this methodology is to both explain and justify

    how the dataset of the Lowy Institute Aid Map was created, and to provide details steps that

    will enable stakeholders, should they like, to rebuild the dataset.

    The methodology details the scope of the database, existing sources of publicly available aid

    data, how existing data was complimented with donors, how the database was built, details of

    what data was collected, specifics about how data was collected from each donor (and what

    data is missing), and any other ways in which the data was manipulated. Annexes provide

    information on macros that have been used in the database, as well as details of OECD and

    IATI sectoral classifications.

    * Alexandre Dayant is a Research Fellow in the Pacific Islands Program at the Lowy Institute. Jonathan Pryke is Director of the Lowy Institute’s Pacific Islands Program.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1. Scope of the database .................................................................................................... 1

    1.1. Defining foreign assistance ................................................................................................................ 1

    1.2. Defining donors .................................................................................................................................. 1

    1.3. Grants vs loans ................................................................................................................................... 2

    1.4. Commitment vs spent ......................................................................................................................... 2

    2. Existing aid reporting mechanisms ............................................................................. 3

    2.1. OECD DAC........................................................................................................................................... 3

    2.2. IATI ..................................................................................................................................................... 3

    3. Complementing and validating existing reporting mechanisms .................................. 4

    3.1. Engaging with donor agencies .......................................................................................................... 4

    3.2. Engaging with recipient governments ............................................................................................. 4

    3.3. Non-traditional donors ..................................................................................................................... 5

    4. Building the database .................................................................................................. 6

    4.1. Extracting OECD data ....................................................................................................................... 6

    4.2. Extracting IATI data .......................................................................................................................... 8

    4.3. Supplemental data ............................................................................................................................ 11

    4.4. Creating the final dataset of aid in the Pacific ............................................................................... 12

    5. Glossary of terminology .............................................................................................. 14

    5.1. Confirmed .......................................................................................................................................... 14

    5.2. Source ................................................................................................................................................ 14

    5.3. Country ............................................................................................................................................. 15

    5.4. Donor ................................................................................................................................................ 16

    5.5. Agency name..................................................................................................................................... 17

    5.6. Identifier ........................................................................................................................................... 19

    5.7. Other identifier .................................................................................................................................20

    5.8. Lowy Identifier .................................................................................................................................20

    5.9. Other identifier (owner_name/ owner_ref) .................................................................................. 21

    5.10. Hierarchy ........................................................................................................................................ 21

    5.11. Titles_lang ....................................................................................................................................... 21

    5.12. Titles ................................................................................................................................................ 21

    5.13. Default-currency............................................................................................................................. 22

    5.14. Last-updated-datetime................................................................................................................... 22

    5.15. Transaction Value........................................................................................................................... 22

    5.16. Transaction Value USD .................................................................................................................. 22

  • 5.17. Transaction type ............................................................................................................................. 22

    5.18. Final Transaction date ................................................................................................................... 23

    5.19. Transaction provider ..................................................................................................................... 23

    5.20. Transaction_provider-org_refs ................................................................................................... 23

    5.21. Transaction receiver ...................................................................................................................... 24

    5.22. Transaction_receiver-org_refs .................................................................................................... 24

    5.23. Transaction description ................................................................................................................. 24

    5.24. Flow Type ....................................................................................................................................... 24

    5.25. Aid Type .......................................................................................................................................... 25

    5.26. Finance type ................................................................................................................................... 29

    5.27. Transaction_tied-status ................................................................................................................ 30

    5.28. Reporting organisation ................................................................................................................. 30

    5.29. Participating-orgs.......................................................................................................................... 30