Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12 Week 03: October 1, 2011 Instructor: Daniel C. Lee...

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Transcript of Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12 Week 03: October 1, 2011 Instructor: Daniel C. Lee...

  • Slide 1
  • Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12 Week 03: October 1, 2011 Instructor: Daniel C. Lee Consonants, mother of sounds
  • Slide 2
  • Plans 1.Review of Tones and Vowels Activity 2.Consonants in alphabetical order 2
  • Slide 3
  • Pinyin vowels 3 a- e- i(y)- o- u(w)- nothing a ( ) e ( ) i ( ) o ( ) u ( , ) -a-a ia ( ) ian ( ) iao ( ) ua ( ) uan ( ) -e-e ie ( ) ue ( ) uen ( ) -i-i ai ( ) ei ( ) ui ( ) -o ao ( ) uo ( ) -u iu ( ) ou ( ) -n an ( ) en ( ) in ( ) - ng ang ( ) eng ( ) ing( ) ong( ) - r er ( )
  • Slide 4
  • Most confusing vowels for CSL (Chinese as a second language) a ( ): always aa e ( , and less commonly ) u ( ) ei ( ) Letter A ou ( ) Letter O iu ( ) (Not letter U!!) ui ( ) 4
  • Slide 5
  • Activity 3.1 Vowels & tones 1.Divide the class in 3 groups. 2.Take one sign for vowels (a, e, i, o, u), and one sign for tones (1, 2, 3, 4). 3.Sounds consisted of vowels AND tones will be read from a random textbook chapter. Raise your sign if they are called! 5
  • Slide 6
  • Consonants Vowels decide the shape of the mouth. Consonants dictate the work of the tongue and lips. There are 21 official consonants in Mandarin. +1: actually two kinds n ( ) +1: v exists in Beijing accent to replace w, which is combined into (u, a vowel) 6
  • Slide 7
  • B-G PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples b b father c ts one time ch tr eat ruler d d younger bro f f have meal/rice g g (as in go) elder bro 7
  • Slide 8
  • the hidden vowel i* A special set of consonants carries its own unique vowel not even mentioned by zhuyin, noted by i but pronounced totally different to ee. zhi chi shi ri zi ci si better memorize 8
  • Slide 9
  • Calling people with two identical words When there are two identical words, the second word are frequently converted to a light tone. mother father elder brother elder sister younger bro younger sis 9
  • Slide 10
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones b ( ) ba, bai, ban, bao, bang bei, ben, beng bi, bian, biao, bie, bin, bing bo* (pronunced more similar to buo) bu 10
  • Slide 11
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones c ( ) = ts ca, cai, can, cao, cang cen, ceng ci* cong cu, cui, cuo 11
  • Slide 12
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones ch ( ) = tr cha, chai, chan, chao, chang che, chen, cheng chou, chong chu, chuan, chuen, chui, chuo 12
  • Slide 13
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones d ( ) da, dai, dan, dao, dang de, dei, deng di, dia, dian, diao, die, diu, ding du, duan, duen, dui, duo 13
  • Slide 14
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones f ( ) fa, fan, fang fei, fen, feng fo, fong fu 14
  • Slide 15
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones g ( ) ga, gai, gan, gao, gang ge, gei, gen, beng gou, gong gu, gua, guan, gui, guo 15
  • Slide 16
  • Activity 3.2 Consonant + Tone 1.(same group as before). Now add the consonants! 2.Raise the correct consonant & tone! 16
  • Slide 17
  • H-N PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples h h good drink j j (as in Jay) one time k k eat ruler l l strength m m buy sell n n that you (*) 17
  • Slide 18
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones h ( ) ha, hai, han, hao, hang he, hei, hen, heng hou, hong hu, hua, huan, hui, huo 18
  • Slide 19
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones j ( ) ji, jia, jian, jiao, jie, jiu, jin, jing jiong (in zhuyin, or juong) j ( , not ), juan, jue (all , not u) 19
  • Slide 20
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones k ( ) ka, kai, kan, kao, kang ke, ken, keng kou, kong ku, kua, kuan, kui, kuo 20
  • Slide 21
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones l ( ) la, lai, lan, lao, lang le, lei, leng li, lian, liao, lie, liu, lin, ling lou, long lu, luan, lue( ), luo 21
  • Slide 22
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones m ( ) ma, mai, man, mao, mang mei, men, meng (southern accent: mong) mi, mian, miao, mie, min, ming mo, mou mu, muo 22
  • Slide 23
  • n vs. n There are actually two kinds of n ( ) that is even not distinguished in zhuyin. Group 1: followed by -a*, -e*, -o*, -u* Group 2: follow by -i* Classic examples: milk then, you 23
  • Slide 24
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones n ( ) na, nai, nan, nao, nang ne, nei, neng *ni, *nian, *niu, *ning nong nu, nuan, nuo 24
  • Slide 25
  • N-T PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples p p run pat q ch (as in chin) rise gas r r people as s s three four sh history is t t soil rabbit 25
  • Slide 26
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones p ( ) pa, pai, pan, pao, pang pei, pen, peng pi, pian, piao, pie, pin, ping po* (pronunced more similar to puo) pu p.s. compare p with b (the vowels that go with them are exactly identical) 26
  • Slide 27
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones q ( ) = ch qi, qia, qian, qiao, qian, qiu, qin, qing qiong q ( , not ), quan, que (all , not u) 27
  • Slide 28
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones r ( ) ran, rao, rang re, ren, reng rou, rong ru, ruan, rui, ruo 28
  • Slide 29
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones s ( ) sa, sai, san, sao, sang se, sen, seng si* sou, song su, suan, suen, sui, suo 29
  • Slide 30
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones sh ( ) sha, shai, shao, shan, shang she, shei, shen, sheng shi* shou shu, shuan, shuen, shui, shuo 30
  • Slide 31
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones t ( ) ta, tai, tan, tao, tang te, teng ti, tian, tiao, tie, ting tu, tuan, tuen, tui, tuo 31
  • Slide 32
  • V-Zh PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples v* v (Beijing) (van) w* w ten thousand x sh small bear y* y (as in Yes) night also z tz self son zh dr paper pig 32
  • Slide 33
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones w(v) ( ) wa (wua), wai, wan, wang wei, wen (wuen), weng wo, wong wu, wui 33
  • Slide 34
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones x ( ) = sh xi, xia, xian, xiao, xie, xiu, xin, xing xiong (xuong) x ( , not ), xuan, xue (all , not u) 34
  • Slide 35
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones y ( ) ya, yai, yao, yan, yang ye* y, yuan, yue (all ) 35
  • Slide 36
  • Drills for each of the consonants, practice their combos with vowels and 4 tones z ( ) = tz za, zai, zan, zao, zang ze, zeng zi* zou, zong zu, zuan, zuen, zui, zuo 36
  • Slide 37
  • Categorization by mechanics b p m f ( ): lips, tooth d t n l ( ): tip section of the tongue + upper teeth g k h ( ): middle-end section of the tongue touches up j q x ( ): tip-middle section of the tongue touches up zh ch sh r ( ): tong curl in the back z c s ( ): tip of the tongue touch the interaction of teeth + air leaking out 37
  • Slide 38
  • Homework Practice all consonant + vowel + tones combos, one day one category (bpmf; dtnl; gkh; jqx; zh-ch-sh-r) Quiz next week 38