Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12 Week 02: September 23, 2011 Instructor: Daniel C. Lee...

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Transcript of Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12 Week 02: September 23, 2011 Instructor: Daniel C. Lee...

  • Slide 1
  • Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12 Week 02: September 23, 2011 Instructor: Daniel C. Lee Vowels, mother of rhymes
  • Slide 2
  • Plans 1.Review of Tones Activity 2.Vowels sorted by pinyin Tone activities for each a, e, i, o, u Vowel activity 2
  • Slide 3
  • Activity 2.1 Passtones 1.Divide the class in group of 4-5 students. 2.A series of passwords (passtones) is given to the first person of the group. 3.The passtone is passed down through by mouth. If you are not sure about what you hear, ask for a repeat or even a review of the person before the person before you. 4.The last student of the chain writes down the passtones in number (e.g. 1-2-3-4) 5.The group with the most correct passtones wins! 3
  • Slide 4
  • Vowels Zhuyin ( ), currently used in Taiwan, lists 16 vowels in Mandarin. Pinyin ( ), currently used in Mainland China (and Taiwan), is NOT exactly equivalent to Zhuyin. 4
  • Slide 5
  • A- PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples a aah ah la ai Letter [I] love short ao [Ou]ch bun run an aan safe slow ang aang busy sqaure 5
  • Slide 6
  • Drills for each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones ( ) -a1, -a2, -a3, -a4 ( ) -ai1, -ai2, -ai3, -ai4 ( ) -ao1, -ao2, -ao3, -ao4 ( ) -an1, -an2, -an3, -an4 ( ) -ang1, -ang2, -ang3, -ang4 6
  • Slide 7
  • Activity 2.2 Tone calling (a) 1.(same group as before) Adapt a tone (1, 2, 3, 4). 2.Hold your tone on a piece of paper. 3.The instructor reads one of the vowels on the previous page. When your tone is called, stand up and hold your tone! 4.The first group to provide the correct answer gets one point! 7
  • Slide 8
  • E- PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples e [a]bout hungry goose *e T[e]st Always follows i or u iron ei Letter [A] north beautiful en [a]bout + n stupid grace eng [a]bout + ng wait can er Letter [R] two son 8
  • Slide 9
  • Drills for each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones ( ) -e1, -e2, -e3, -e4 ( ) -ei1, -ei2, -ei3, -ei4 ( ) -en1, -en2, -en3, -en4 ( ) -eng1, -eng2, -eng3, -eng4 ( ) -er1, -er2, -er3, -er4 9
  • Slide 10
  • Activity 2.2 Tone calling (e) 1.(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4). 2.Same rules! 10
  • Slide 11
  • Note: As letter E, in the absence of consonants, y is added in front of i to make yi. 11 I- PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples i Letter [E] one low i deletedNo equivalent! four word only if following: (z) (c) (s)
  • Slide 12
  • Drills for each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones ( ) -i1, -i2, -i3, -i4 ( ) yi1, yi2, yi3, yi4 ( ) -ia1, -ia2, -ia3, -ia4 ( ) -ie1, -ie2, -ie3, -ie4 ( ) -iang1, -iang2, -iang3, iang4 ( ) -ing1, -ing2, -ing3, -ing4 12
  • Slide 13
  • Activity 2.2 Tone calling (i) 1.(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4). 2.Same rules! 13
  • Slide 14
  • O- PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples o [a]ll oh touch ou Letter [O] all steal 14
  • Slide 15
  • Drills for each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones ( ) -o1, -o2, -o3, -o4 ( ) -ou1, -ou2, -ou3, -ou4 15 Note: O is [a]ll, not letter O! OU is letter O, not y[ou]!
  • Slide 16
  • Activity 2.2 Tone calling (o) 1.(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4). 2.Same rules! 16
  • Slide 17
  • U- PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples u R[oo]t correct host u(/v) No equivalent! rain female ui Wei correct is able to hey (2 nd tone) 17 Note: In the absence of consonants, w is added in front of u. Ui is [wei], not [we] !!
  • Slide 18
  • (u) vs. (u or or v) The confusion of / is a weakness of pinyin, which is limited by the number of Roman alphabets. Some consonants can be followed only by one of them (e.g. y is only followed by ). Some can be followed by both. In such cases, use or v to represent . However, if there is no chance for confusion, other stay as u, not . 18
  • Slide 19
  • Drills for each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones ( ) -u1, -u2, -u3, -u4 ( ) -/u1, -/u2, -/u3, -/u4 ( ) -ua1, -ua2, -ua3, -ua4 * ( ) -ue1, -ue2, -ue3, -ue4 ( ) -ui1, -ui2, -ui3, -ui4 ( ) -uo1, -uo2, -uo3, -uo4 19
  • Slide 20
  • Activity 2.2 Tone calling (u) 1.(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4). 2.Same rules! 20
  • Slide 21
  • Pinyin vowels 21 a- e- i(y)- o- u(w)- nothing a ( ) e ( ) i ( ) o ( ) u ( , ) -a-a ia ( ) ua ( ) -e-e ie ( ) ue ( ) -i-i ai ( ) ei ( ) ui ( ) -o ao ( ) uo ( ) -u iu ( ) ou ( ) -n an ( ) en ( ) in ( ) - ng ang ( ) eng ( ) ing( ) ong( ) - r er ( )
  • Slide 22
  • -iu ( ), -ui ( ) Both cause massive confusion even for native speakers ( ) -iu is i-ou (as in YO-YO), not letter [U] ( ) -ui is [wei], not [we] Practice -iu1, -iu2, -iu3, -iu4 -ui1, -ui2, -ui3, -ui4 22
  • Slide 23
  • Activity 2.3 Vowel Calling (Same groups of 4 or 5) each student adapts a Roman alphabet (a, e, i, o, u). Take your vowel on a piece of paper. A word is given by the instructor. If the pinyin of this word contains your alphabet (doesnt matter the order), stand up. The first group to get the correct answer gets the point! 23
  • Slide 24
  • Homework Practice all 4 tones of the vowel combos (slide 21) once per day! Quiz next week 24