Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12
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Transcript of Ottawa Mandarin School Adult Class 2011-12
Ottawa Mandarin SchoolAdult Class 2011-12 Week 02: September 23, 2011Instructor: Daniel C. Lee
Vowels, mother of rhymes
PlansReview of TonesActivityVowels sorted by pinyinTone activities for each a, e, i , o, uVowel activity
Activity 2.1 PasstonesDivide the class in group of 4-5 students.A series of passwords (passtones) is given to the first person of the group.The passtone is passed down through by mouth. If you are not sure about what you hear, ask for a repeat or even a review of the person before the person before you.The last student of the chain writes down the passtones in number (e.g. 1-2-3-4)The group with the most correct passtones wins!
VowelsZhuyin (), currently used in Taiwan, lists 16 vowels in Mandarin.
Pinyin (), currently used in Mainland China (and Taiwan), is NOT exactly equivalent to Zhuyin.*
PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples aaahah la aiLetter [I]love short ao[Ou]chbun run anaansafe slow angaangbusy sqaure
Drillsfor each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones() -a1, -a2, -a3, -a4() -ai1, -ai2, -ai3, -ai4() -ao1, -ao2, -ao3, -ao4() -an1, -an2, -an3, -an4() -ang1, -ang2, -ang3, -ang4*
Activity 2.2 Tone calling (a)(same group as before) Adapt a tone (1, 2, 3, 4).Hold your tone on a piece of paper.The instructor reads one of the vowels on the previous page. When your tone is called, stand up and hold your tone!The first group to provide the correct answer gets one point!
PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples e[a]bouthungry goose *eT[e]stAlways follows i or u iron eiLetter [A]north beautiful en[a]bout + nstupid grace eng[a]bout + ngwait can erLetter [R]two son
Drillsfor each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones() -e1, -e2, -e3, -e4() -ei1, -ei2, -ei3, -ei4() -en1, -en2, -en3, -en4() -eng1, -eng2, -eng3, -eng4() -er1, -er2, -er3, -er4*
Activity 2.2 Tone calling (e)(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4).Same rules!
Note:As letter E, in the absence of consonants, y is added in front of i to make yi.*I-
PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples iLetter [E]one low ideletedNo equivalent!four word
only if following:(z)(c)(s)
Drillsfor each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones() -i1, -i2, -i3, -i4() yi1, yi2, yi3, yi4
() -ia1, -ia2, -ia3, -ia4() -ie1, -ie2, -ie3, -ie4() -iang1, -iang2, -iang3, iang4() -ing1, -ing2, -ing3, -ing4*
Activity 2.2 Tone calling (i)(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4).Same rules!
PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples o[a]lloh touch ouLetter [O] all steal
Drillsfor each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones() -o1, -o2, -o3, -o4() -ou1, -ou2, -ou3, -ou4*Note:O is [a]ll, not letter O!OU is letter O, not y[ou]!
Activity 2.2 Tone calling (o)(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4).Same rules!
U-*Note:In the absence of consonants, w is added in front of u.Ui is [wei], not [we] !!
PinyinZhuyinPronunciationExamples uR[oo]tcorrect host u(/v)No equivalent!rain female uiWeicorrectis able to
hey (2nd tone)
(u) vs. (u or or v)The confusion of/ is a weakness of pinyin, which is limited by the number of Roman alphabets. Some consonants can be followed only by one of them (e.g. y is only followed by ). Some can be followed by both. In such cases, use or v to represent . However, if there is no chance for confusion, other stay as u, not .
Drillsfor each of the vowels, practice all 4 tones() -u1, -u2, -u3, -u4() -/u1, -/u2, -/u3, -/u4
() -ua1, -ua2, -ua3, -ua4* () -ue1, -ue2, -ue3, -ue4() -ui1, -ui2, -ui3, -ui4() -uo1, -uo2, -uo3, -uo4*
Activity 2.2 Tone calling (u)(same group) adapt a DIFFERENT tone (1, 2, 3, 4).Same rules!
a- e- i(y)- o- u(w)-nothing a () e () i () o () u (,)aia () ua () e ie () ue ()i ai () ei () ui ()-o ao () uo ()-u iu () ou ()-n an () en () in () - ng ang () eng () ing() ong()- r er ()
-iu () , -ui () Both cause massive confusion even for native speakers() -iu is i-ou (as in YO-YO), not letter [U]() -ui is [wei], not [we]Practice-iu1, -iu2, -iu3, -iu4-ui1, -ui2, -ui3, -ui4*
Activity 2.3 Vowel Calling(Same groups of 4 or 5) each student adapts a Roman alphabet (a, e, i, o, u).Take your vowel on a piece of paper.A word is given by the instructor. If the pinyin of this word contains your alphabet (doesnt matter the order), stand up.The first group to get the correct answer gets the point!*
HomeworkPractice all 4 tones of the vowel combos (slide 21) once per day!
Quiz next week*