利用心智圖介入生理學教學對五專護理學生的學習影響otc.nutc.edu.tw/ezfiles/6/1006/img/1094/...

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    2016 12 251 264

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    The teaching effects in physiology by concept mapping strategy in

    junior college nursing students

    Hui-Chuan Hung1 Shiah-Lian Chen

    2 Chung-Huang Tsai

    3*

    1Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, National Taichung University of Science and Technology

    2Professor, Department of Nursing, National Taichung University of Science and Technology

    3Attending Doctor, Department of Family Medicine, Chung-Kang Branch, Cheng Ching Hospital/ Assistant

    Professor, Tunghai University Sports Recreation and Health Management Continuing Studies-Bachelor's Degree

    Completion Program,

    *Corresponding Author

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to explore the teaching effects of physiology by concept

    mapping in developing critical thinking ability and self-directed learning. Study was designed

    with a sample being drawn from a group in first-year junior college nursing students. Students

    in the experimental group were taught to use concept mapping in their physiology lectures.

    And students in the control group were taught by means of traditional methods. The long-term

    study was conducted for 18 weeks. And the short-term study was conducted for 9 weeks first,

    and then the concept mapping intervention was changed between control and experimental

    groups. After that the students got on another 9 weeks training courses. Both parts of the

    studies had shown consistently better overall self-directed learning than before. In particular

    the performance of effective learning was increased significantly in both control and

    experimental groups. However, the critical thinking ability was shown statistically

    significantly lower in experimental group than in control group in the long-term study. But

    this interference was not shown in the short-term study. The present study revealed that

    concept mapping is an effective tool to improve students self-directed learning. However, the

    interference in critical thinking ability was found in the long-term study, which suggest that

    the elevation of critical thinking needs more than concept mapping intervention. Other

    teaching skills and tools should be involved in physiology teaching.

    Keywords: concept mapping, physiology, self-directed learning, critical thinking, nursing

    education

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    visual

    thinking

    Novak and Caas, 2008

    2009

    concept mapping

    2015Gul & Boman,

    2006Novak and Hillsdale, 1998

    2008Chen et al., 2011

    & 2012

    Klunklin et al., 2008Reem Rachel et al., 2011

    Chen et al., 2011

    Guglielmino (1977)Self-Directed Learning

    Readiness; SDLR

    (Chao, 2004)

    (Girot, 200020002004

    20062010

    (Chen et al., 20112015)

  • 254

    Abraham et al.,

    2004

    Critical Thinking Test, level II, CTT-II2005

    CCGH-NTU-103-0012015

    2014 2 2015 6

    2014 2 102

    50

    4 2 98 2

    100

    X-mind

    12

    18

    (Self-Directed Learning Readiness; SDLR)

    Guglielmino LM.1977 SDRL

    1995 55Likert 1

    5 5 4

    3 2 1

    Cronbachs 0.64-0.85

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    255

    89.74%

    Critical Thinking Test, level II2005

    6 30

    logit

    2005

    18

    2015 2 103

    51

    9

    50

    9

    SPSS13.0 independent sample t test

    paired t test

  • 256

    Pearsons

    18

    18

    1

    1A

    t=1.98p

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    257

    1A

    1B

    18

    2A t=1.16p

  • 258

    2A

    18

    18 2B

    t=2.45p

  • 3 1

    259

    9

    18

    2

    3A

    t=3.01p

  • 260

    3A

    3B

    18

    9

  • 3 1

    261

    18

    18

    9

    r=0.171P=0.088N=101r=0.284

    p

  • 262

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    9

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    2010

    50

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    18

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    Response System, IRS)

    2015

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    2008

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    2006

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    201057(5)12-17

    2012

    29(3)243-254

    (2015)

    11(2)30-38

    2005

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    learning among nursingstudents in ThailandNursing and Health Sciences. 12, 177-181.

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    maps as facilitative tools in schools and corporations. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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