Open Air Museum @ Springfield Museums

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Sustainable Landscape Plan for an Open Air Museum at the Springfield Museums, Springfield,Massachusetts; by Elizabeth Cooper & Abrah Dresdale; Conway School of Landscape Design, June 2010

Transcript of Open Air Museum @ Springfield Museums

  • O p e n A i r M u s e u m Springfield Museums, Springfield, MAElizabeth Cooper Abrah Jordan Dresdale Conway School of Landscape Design june 2010

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    Open

    air

    museum

    The Springf eld

    Mus

    eum

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  • O p e n A i r M u s e u m Springfield Museums, Springfield, MAElizabeth Cooper Abrah Jordan Dresdale Conway School of Landscape Design june 2010

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    The Conway School of Landscape Design is the only

    institution of its kind in North America. Its focus is

    sustainable landscape planning and design. Each

    year, through its accredited, ten-month graduate

    program just eighteen to nineteen students from

    diverse backgrounds are immersed in a range of

    applied landscape studies, ranging in scale from

    residences to regions. Graduates go on to play

    significant professional roles in various aspects

    of landscape planning and

    design. www.csld.edu

    INDEX

    INTRODUCTION ................................1

    CONTEXT regional.....................................2 neighborhood..........................3

    EXISTING CONDITIONS..................4

    SITE SECTION...................................5

    CITY-WIDE ANALYSES................6-7

    SITE ANALYSES access & circulation.............8 impervious surfaces.............9 views...........................................10 vegetation.................................11 utilities......................................12 sun/shade.................................13 summary analysis..................14

    IDEAL CONCEPT.............................15

    DESIGN ALTERNATIVE 1...........16-17

    DESIGN ALTERNATIVE 2.........18-19

    DESIGN ALTERNATIVE 3........20-21

    FINAL DESIGN.................................22 planting guide.......................23 design details..................24-26 garden details................27-28 design precedents...............29

    FOR THE FUTURE..........................30

  • O p e n A i r M u s e u m Springfield Museums, Springfield, MAElizabeth Cooper Abrah Jordan Dresdale Conway School of Landscape Design june 2010

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    Art installations are integrated into the landscape. Makethematicconnectionsamongalltheexistingmuseums Includesensorygardenswithinterpretivesigns,waterfeatures,andchildren-orientedinstallations Offereducationalopportunitiesforbothfacilitatedandself-guidedlearning

    Performances, community festivals, and other special events happen regularly Siteathree-seasonopen-airpavilionforperformances,weddings,andotherspecial

    eventsthatisintegratedwithinstallationsandgardens Siteamulti-useoutdoorclassroom

    Environmentally sustainable practices are demonstrated on site. Reduceimpervioussurfacestoallowmorestormwatertoinfiltrateonsite Capturewaterforuseinwaterfeaturesandforirrigation Addvegetationtothecampuswithnativeplants,climbingvines,andgreenroofs Provideoutdoorrecyclingstations

    The Open Air Museum is an integral part of Springfields revitalization CelebrateSpringfieldscultureandnaturalfeatures Makecohesiveconnectionswithotheropenspacesandculturallandmarks Improvecirculationandincreaseuseof property

    In2008,twostudentsfromtheConwaySchoolof LandscapeDesign,LizKushnerandTheresaSprague,developedtheSpringfieldMuseumsLandscapeMasterPlan.Thisplanincludedtheideaof aSixthMuseum,anoutdoormuseumthatwouldextendeducationalopportunitiesthroughoutthegrounds.Withthatmasterplanasablueprintforfurtherdesign,theMuseumsstaff havedevelopedgoalstorealizetheconceptof anopenairmuseum.Ideally,thisnewplanwillprovideinteractiveeducationalexperiences,encouragecommunityparticipation,andsupporttheCityof Springfieldsrevitalization.

    The Springfeld Museums

    Overall Goal: An open air museum on the Springfield Museums campus that educates visitors and strengthens the community of Springfield.

    The Springfield Museums includetheGeorgeWalterVincentSmithArtMuseum,theSpringfieldScienceMuseum,theDAmourMuseumof FineArt,theConnecticutValleyHistoricalMuseum,thenewlyopenedLymanandMerrieWoodMuseumof SpringfieldHistory,andtheDr.SuessMemorialSculptureGarden.TheMuseumshavelongbeenaculturalandeducationalresourceforthecity.Sincethe1895openingof theSmithMuseum,Springfieldsfirstartmuseum,theMuseumscomplexhasevolved,butremainedrootedinitsoriginalmission:toprovideexhibitionsandprogramsthatengagediverseaudiencesof allages.

    PROJECT GOALS & PROGRAM

  • O p e n A i r M u s e u m Springfield Museums, Springfield, MAElizabeth Cooper Abrah Jordan Dresdale Conway School of Landscape Design june 2010

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    Connecticut River

    City of Springfeld

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    Museums Campus

    Mem

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    Brid

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    Springfield Armory

    Springfield

    Cemetery

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    The Springfeld museumsTheMuseumscampusislocatedinwesternMassachusettsontheedgeof theSpringfieldsdowntownbusinessdistrictandwithin1/2milefromtheConnecticutRiver.

    TheMuseumsaresituatedonthemiddleof threeterracesthatascendfromtheConnecticutRiver.Thecentraldowntownbusinessdistrictislocatedontheterracebelow;anopengreenspacearoundtheNationalArmoryHistoricSiteontheterraceabove.AsteepgradeseparatestheMuseumsfromdowntownandtheriver,givingtheMuseumsafeelingof separationfromthedenseurbancore.

    ItsproximitytodowntownmakesthecampusaneasilyaccessibleresourceforSpringfieldresidents.Interstate91passingjustsouthof thecampusallowseasyaccessforvisitorswhodrivetotheMuseumsfromadistance.

    A A

  • O p e n A i r M u s e u m Springfield Museums, Springfield, MAElizabeth Cooper Abrah Jordan Dresdale Conway School of Landscape Design june 2010

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    Ne

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    NeighborhoodChurches - soup kitchenLibrary Merrick ParkPynchon Plaza - potential linkCourthouse - State St. Corridor ProjectPeople of SpringfieldMattoon St.

    Museum & Library Parking

    MerrickPark

    Pync

    hon

    park

    Christ Church Cathedral

    St. Michaels Cathedral

    Federal CourtBuilding

    Springfield Museums campus

    Muse

    um

    Park

    ing

    SpringfieldArmory historic Site

    Mattoon HistoricNeighborhood

    Dwight St.

    Chestnut St.

    Stat

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    Spring St.

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    Eliot St.

    Byers St.

    TheMuseumsneighborhoodisadiversemixof usescommercial,residential,historicalwhichaddtotherichnessof thearea.jJusttothenorthisthehistoricMattoonNeighborhood,thesubjectof citizen-guidedwalkingtours.kPynchonPark,closedfor20years,ispartof theredevelopmentdesignprojectFromtheQuadtotheRiverthatseekstorestoreconnectionsbetweentheMuseumsanddowntownSpringfield.lSt.MichaelsCathedralandChristChurchCathedralflanktheMuseumsonoppositesides.ChristChurchoperatesacommunitysoupkitchen.Peoplewhocometo

    thesoupkitchenoftenlingeratMerrickParkandontheadjacentareaof theMuseumscampus.mTheSpringfieldArmoryisasizeablegreenspaceandhistoricalsitewithina5-minutewalkfrom

    theMuseums.nTheFederalCourthouse,onthecornerof StateandElliotStreetsanddesignedbyarchitectMosheSafdie,isaprizedbuildingfortheStateStreetCorridorRevitalizationProject.oThecitypubliclibraryabutsthesoutheasternendof theMuseumsQuad,facingfronttoStateStreet.MerrickParkisacityparkthatsharesacornerwiththelibraryandtheMuseumscampus,itscenterpiecethefamousPuritanstatue,awell-regardedworkof mastersculptorAugustusSaint-Gaudens.Soup-kitchengoerscongregatehere.TheMuseumsandthecityarecurrentlydiscussingthepossibilityof collaboratingonnewvisionsforthepark.

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    Mattoon Neighborhoodj

    Merrick Park and Springfield Libraryo

    Federal Courthouse - State Streetn

    Springfield Armorym

    Christ Church Cathedrall

    Pynchon Parkk

  • O p e n A i r M u s e u m Springfield Museums, Springfield, MAElizabeth Cooper Abrah Jordan Dresdale Conway School of Landscape Design june 2010

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    ThegrassycentralQuadandtheDr.SuessMemorialSculptureGardenaremainfocalpointsthatdrawvisitorstothe5.5-acrecampus.TheMuseumscampushasrecentlybeenclassifiedasaNationalHeritageParkandisopentothepublicduringtheday,withgatesclosingatdusk.SpringfieldresidentsareadmittedtotheMuseumsfreeof charge.Non-residentvisitorsmaypurchaseanadmissionticketattheVisitorCenterintheMuseumof Sciencebuilding.

    ThemainentrywaytotheMuseumsbycarisonEdwardsStreet,whereparkingisavailableattheVisitorCenterandontheoppositesideof EdwardsStreet.AgatewayfromMerrick

    main entry to the Museums is from Edwards Street, through a parking lot that extends right up to the Visitor Center.

    The campus is enclosed by iron fences; gates are locked at dusk each day.

    The Yertle Garden, sited between the Fine Arts Museum and the Kilroy Administration Building, boasts a Yertle the Turtle sculpture, but is not frequently visited.

    Four of the five museums are centered on a grassy Quad. The central and northeastern parts of the Quad are shaded by large trees. School groups and families can often be