ogy. e ... Buddhist Stuppas A stupa (Sanskrit:...

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Transcript of ogy. e ... Buddhist Stuppas A stupa (Sanskrit:...

  • W

    at A ru

    n (B

    an kgko

    k, Th ailan

    d )

    S itu

    a te

    d o

    n th

    e T

    h o

    n b

    u ri s

    id e o

    f th e C

    h a

    o P

    h ra

    y a R

    iv e r , W

    a t A

    ru n (“T

    e m

    p le

    o f D

    a w

    n ”) is

    o n e o

    f

    th e

    o ld

    e s t a

    n d

    b e

    s t k

    n o

    w n la

    n d

    m a rk

    s in

    B a

    n g

    k o

    k , T

    h a

    ila n d

    . T h e

    te m

    p le

    is a

    n a

    rc h ite

    c tu

    ra l

    re p re

    s e

    n ta

    tio n o

    f M o

    u n t M

    e ru

    , th e c

    e n te

    r o f th

    e u

    n iv

    e rs

    e in

    B u d d

    h is

    t c o s m

    o lo

    g y .

  • P

    h a Th

    at Lu an

    g (Lao s)

    L o

    cated in

    V ie

    n tia

    n e, P

    h a T

    h at L

    u a n g (“G

    reat S tu

    p a in

    L ao

    ”) is o n e o

    f th e m

    o st im

    p o

    rtan t m

    o n u

    m e n t in

    L ao

    s. T h e

    stu p

    a h as se

    v era

    l terraces w ith

    eac h le

    v e l rep

    rese n tin

    g a d

    iffere n t stag

    e o f B

    u d d

    h ist en

    lig h ten

    m e n t. T

    h e lo

    w est le

    v e l

    rep resen

    ts th e m

    ateria l w

    o rld

    ; th e h

    ig h est le

    v e l rep

    resen ts th

    e w o

    rld o

    f n o

    th in

    g n e ss.

  • Jo

    kh an

    g Te m

    p le

    (Tib e

    t)

    T h e Jo

    k h a n g T

    e m

    p le in

    L h asa is th

    e m o

    st im p o

    rtan t sacred

    site in T

    ib eta

    n B

    u d d h ism

    attractin g th

    o u san

    d s o

    f p ilg

    rim s

    eac h y

    ear. T h e tem

    p le w

    a s co

    n stru

    cted b

    y K

    in g S

    o n g tsä

    n G

    a m

    p o

    in th

    e 7 th

    cen tu

    ry . T

    h e M

    o n g o

    ls sac k

    ed th

    e

    Jo k h a n g tem

    p le se

    v era

    l tim e s b

    u t th

    e b u

    ild in

    g su

    rv iv

    ed .

    T o

    d ay

    th e tem

    p le co

    m p

    le x co

    v ers a

    n area o

    f a b o

    u t 2

    5 ,0

    0 0 sq

    u are m

    eters.

  • To

    d aiji Te

    m p

    le (Jap

    an )

    T o

    d aiji (“G

    reat E astern

    T em

    p le

    ”) in N

    ara is o n e o

    f th e m

    o st h

    isto rica

    lly sig

    n ifica

    n t an

    d fa

    m o

    u s B

    u d d h ist tem

    p les

    in Jap

    a n . T

    h e tem

    p le w

    a s b

    u ilt in

    th e 8

    th cen

    tu ry

    b y E

    m p ero

    r S h o

    m u as th

    e h ead

    te m

    p le o

    f a ll p

    ro v in

    c ia

    l B u d d

    h ist

    tem p

    les o f Jap

    a n . T

    o d

    a y little re

    m a in

    s o f th

    e o rig

    in a l b

    u ild

    in g

    s o f T

    o d aiji. T

    h e D

    a ib

    u tsu

    d e n (“G

    reat B u d

    d h a H

    a ll”),

    d ates fo

    r th e m

    o st p

    art fro m

    1 7 0 9 . It h

    o u ses o

    n e o

    f th e larg

    est B u d h a statu

    es in Jap

    a n an

    d is th

    e w o

    rld s larg

    est

    w o o

    d en

    b u

    ild in

    g , e

    v e n th

    o u g h it is o

    n ly

    tw o

    -th ird

    s th e size o

    f th e o

    rig in

    a l stru

    ctu re.

    http://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-japan/

  • B

    o u

    d h

    a n

    a th

    (N e p

    a l)

    L o

    cated in

    a su b

    u rb

    o f K

    ath m

    an d

    u , B

    o u d

    h an

    ath is o

    n e o

    f th e larg

    est stu p as in

    th e w

    o rld

    . It is th e cen

    ter o f

    T ib

    etan B

    u d

    d h

    ism in

    N ep

    al an d

    m an

    y refu

    g ees fro

    m T

    ib et h

    av e settled

    h ere in

    th e last few

    d ecad

    es. It is

    p ro

    b ab

    ly b

    est k n o

    w n

    fo r th

    e B u d d

    h a ey

    es th at are featu

    red o

    n all fo

    u r sid

    es o f th

    e to w

    er. T h e p

    resen t stu

    p a

    is said to

    d ate fro

    m th

    e 1 4

    th cen

    tu ry

    , after th e p

    rev io

    u s o

    n e w

    as d estro

    y ed

    b y M

    u g h

    al in v ad

    e rs.

  • M

    a h

    a b

    o d

    h i T

    e m

    p le

    (In d

    ia )

    T h e M

    a h a b o

    d h i (G

    reat E n lig

    h ten

    m e n t) T

    em p

    le is a B u d d h ist stu

    p a lo

    cated in

    B o

    d h G

    a y a, In

    d ia. T

    h e m

    a in

    co m

    p le

    x

    co n tain

    s a d esce

    n d a n t o

    f th e o

    rig in

    a l B

    o d h i T

    ree u n d er w

    h ic

    h G

    au ta

    m a B

    u d d

    h a g

    a in

    ed e

    n lig

    h ten

    m e n t an

    d is th

    e m o

    st

    sacred p

    lac e in

    B u d d

    h ism

    . A b o

    u t 2

    5 0 y

    ears a fter th

    e B u d

    d h a attain

    ed E

    n lig

    h ten

    m e n t, E

    m p ero

    r A so

    k a b

    u ilt a tem

    p le

    at th e sp

    o t. T

    h e p

    resen t te

    m p

    le d ates fro

    m th

    e 5 th

    -6 th

    cen tu

    ry .

  • Shwedagon Pagoda (Burma)

    The Shwedagon Pagoda (or Golden Pagoda) in Yangon, is the holiest Buddhist shrine in

    Burma. The origins of Shwedagon are lost in antiquity but it is estimated that the Pagoda

    was first built by the Mon during the Bagan period, sometime between the 6th and 10th

    century AD. The temple complex is full of glittering, colorful stupas but the center of

    attention is the 99 meter high (326 feet) high main stupa that is completely covered in gold.

  • Haeinsa Temple (South Korea)

    Haeinsa (Temple of Reflection on a Smooth Sea) is one of the most important

    Buddhist temples in South Korea. The temple was first built in 802 and rebuilt in

    the 19th century after Haiensa was burned down in a fire in 1817. The temple’s

    greatest treasure however, a complete copy of the Buddhist scriptures (he Tripitaka

    Koreana) written on 81,258 woodblocks, survived the fire.

  • Bagan (Myanmar)

    Bagan, on the banks of the Ayerwaddy River, is home to the largest

    area of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world. It was

    the capital of several ancient kings of Burma who built perhaps as many

    as 4,400 temples during the height of the kingdom (between 1000 and

    1200 AD). In 1287, the kingdom fell to the Mongols, after refusing to

    pay tribute to Kublai Khan and Bagan quickly declined as a political

    center, but continued to flourish as a place of Buddhist scholarship.

  • Borobudur (Indonesia)

    Located on the Indonesian island of Java, 40 km (25 miles) northwest of Yogyakarta, the

    Borobudur is the largest and most famous Buddhist temple in the world. The Borobudur

    was built over a period of some 75 years in the 8th and 9th centuries by the kingdom of

    Sailendra, out of an estimated 2 million blocks of stone. It was abandoned in the 14th

    century for reasons that still remain a mystery and for centuries lay hidden in the jungle

    under layers of volcanic ash.

  • Buddhist Pagodas

    A pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves, built in traditions originating

    as stupa in historic South Asia.

    Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly

    Buddhist, and were often located in or near viharas (monasteries).

    The modern pagoda is an evolution of the Stupa which originated in Ancient

    India.Stupas are a tomb-like structure where sacred relics could be kept

    safe and venerated.

    Kek Lok Si pagoda, to the left, has tiers labelled with the ar