OGC Catalog Service for the Web (CS/W): experience in NASA John D. Evans, Ph.D. john.evans@nasa.gov...

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Transcript of OGC Catalog Service for the Web (CS/W): experience in NASA John D. Evans, Ph.D. john.evans@nasa.gov...

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OGC Catalog Service for the Web (CS/W): experience in NASA John D. Evans, Ph.D. john.evans@nasa.gov NASA Geosciences Interoperability Office (GIO) Earth Science Applications Division -/- Global Science & Technology, Inc. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD Slide 2 Introduction & overview OGC CS/W specification: Spring 2004 OGC CS/W specification: Spring 2004 (After many iterations) OGC ebRIM profile: Fall 2005 OGC ebRIM profile: Fall 2005 NASA experimenting with CS/W since Fall 2004 NASA experimenting with CS/W since Fall 2004 Two implementations in particular: Two implementations in particular: ECHO CS/W connector (Center for Spatial Information Science & Systems [CSISS], George Mason University) Earth Science Gateway (NASA Geosciences Interoperability Office [GIO] & Compusult Ltd.) Implementation experience Implementation experience Insights, opportunities, and challenges Slide 3 GMU / CSISS experience with CS/W Birds eye view Birds eye view - From Bai, Y., et al., 2007: Towards a Geospatial Catalogue Federation Service, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 73 (6), pp. 699-708 Slide 4 GMU / CSISS experience with CS/W Inside the Catalogue Federation Service Inside the Catalogue Federation Service - From Bai, Y., et al., 2007: Towards a Geospatial Catalogue Federation Service, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 73 (6), pp. 699-708 Slide 5 RegistryObject Classification ClassificationSchema Association ServiceBindings RegistryEntry Service ExtrinsicObject CSWExtrinsicObject RepositoryItem Service Info. Model (ISO 19119) Dataset Info. Model (ISO 19115) NASA EOS Core System (ECS) Slot GMU / CSISS experience with CS/W ebRIM model extends OGC CSW for geospatial resources ebRIM + OGC Catalogue Service for CS/W + OGC Catalogue Service for ISO 19115/19119 Slide 6 GMU / CSISS: CS/W bridge to ECHO http://laits.gmu.edu:8099/ECHO9CSW2/discovery http://laits.gmu.edu:8099/ECHO9CSW2/discovery Connects to the full, operational ECHO Connects to the full, operational ECHO Partial ECHOebRIM mapping. Emphasis: Partial ECHOebRIM mapping. Emphasis: CS/W core queryables (Dublin Core) Granules (not Collections) Performance issues: Performance issues: ECHO not fully optimized for granule-level search ECHO 8 responds to most queries from CS/W connector in under 2 minutes (used to be worse) ECHO 9 may further improve query performance Multiplicity of schemas poses addl challenges Multiplicity of schemas poses addl challenges CS/W used as a hub for several different catalogs Slide 7 NASA / GIO Earth Science Gateway (ESG) Slide 8 Earth Science Gateway (ESG) Service Manager OGC WMS Servers Service Manager Service Registry Database (Oracle) Web Publishing Client OGC WFS Servers OGC WCS Servers External Applications/Clients OGC CSW Requests - GetCapabilities (1) - GetRecords (2) OGC CSW Transactions (3) - Insert - Update - Delete OGC Repository Extensions - GetRepositoryItem (4) - PutRepositoryItem (5) Capabilities XML Document (1) Transaction Status (3) Search Results (2) Repository Item (4) Repository Status (3) Slide 9 OGC WMS Servers Service Manager Service Registry Database (Oracle) Web Publishing Client OGC WFS Servers OGC WCS Servers External Applications/Clients OGC CSW Requests - GetCapabilities (1) - GetRecords (2) OGC CSW Transactions (3) - Insert - Update - Delete OGC Repository Extensions - GetRepositoryItem (4) - PutRepositoryItem (5) Capabilities XML Document (1) Transaction Status (3) Search Results (2) Repository Item (4) Repository Status (3) Earth Science Gateway (ESG) Service Manager ESG portal uses CS/W internally for all catalog access ESG portal uses CS/W internally for all catalog access Search Publish Harvest Public interface available for other CS/W clients Public interface available for other CS/W clients Simple HTML client can query other CS/W servers Simple HTML client can query other CS/W servers Slide 10 ESG in OGC Web Services Testbed 3 Successful connections from a Refractions Research CS/W client (Nov. 2005) Successful connections from a Refractions Research CS/W client (Nov. 2005) Key challenge: reconciling different ebRIM representations Key challenge: reconciling different ebRIM representations E.g., WMS Layer Extrinsic Object: is its ObjectType Layer?WMS_Layer? or Data_Set? A guessing game; create equivalencies to fit queries coming from different clients Changing an ebRIM type name can be a headache Another challenge: maintaining performance Another challenge: maintaining performance Query response slowed a lot at 100k-200k records. Server-side workarounds: temp tables; caching; returning summaries rather than full records Slide 11 ESG in OGC Web Services Testbed 4 UAV EO-1 Slide 12 Service Binding Classification ExtrinsicObject objectType = Geometry ExtrinsicObject objectType = Context Document (WMS only) HasFootprint Offers HasContext Service Binding Extents User OffersService ExtrinsicObject objectType = Dataset Description (Metadata Document) HasFootprint Describes Classification uuid = parent uuid = classified_object uuid = service ExtrinsicObject objectType = Layer / featureType / CoverageOfferingBrief Service (WMS, WFS, WCS) uuid = classified_object ExtrinsicObject objectType = Layer / featureType / CoverageOfferingBrief ESG: ebRIM model of OGC Web Service Slide 13 ExtrinsicOject objectType = Legend ExtrinsicOject objectType = LayerStyle Classification ExtrinsicObject objectType = Geometry Extents HasFootprint Externally Links Styles Service (WMS, WFS, WCS) Describes HasLegend ExtrinsicOject objectType = LayerStyle ExtrinsicOject objectType = Legend ExtrinsicObject objectType = Dataset Description (Metadata Document) Offers HasFootprint ExtrinsicObject objectType = Layer, or featureType, or CoverageOfferingBrief ExternalLink Extents ExternalLink Classification g.uuid = e.parent uuid = classified_object ESG: ebRIM model of OGC Web Service objects (WMS Layer, WFS FeatureType, WCS CoverageOffering) Slide 14 ESG and CS/W interoperability ESG as CS/W server: ESG as CS/W server: http://esg.gsfc.nasa.gov/wes/serviceManagerCSW/csw Successful CS/W connections from Intergraph testbed client Prototype CS/W connections from European Space Agency (ESA) client [http://eoportal.org] ESG as CS/W client: ESG as CS/W client: Successful CS/W connections to GMU/CSISS ECHO connector Differences in ebRIM representations continue to be the main challenge Differences in ebRIM representations continue to be the main challenge Conforming to CS/W is necessary but NOT sufficient for catalog interoperability Slide 15 CS/W opportunities & challenges OGC CS/W interface definition is owned by no-one (consensus-based) OGC CS/W interface definition is owned by no-one (consensus-based) Support by vendors, open source, etc. Used across many different sectors of activity ebRIM is a promising common ground for catalogs ebRIM is a promising common ground for catalogs Very flexible meta-model Growing momentum in e-business Expect tools to manage the complexity Expect tools to manage the complexity ebRIM: not the answer BUT a good framework for expressing the answer ebRIM: not the answer BUT a good framework for expressing the answer Slide 16 CS/W opportunities & challenges CS/W & ebRIM complexity / generality CS/W & ebRIM complexity / generality Impedes wider implementation Impedes wider consensus on profiles? Representing earth imagery in ebRIM: Representing earth imagery in ebRIM: E.g., ESAs EO products profile (slow adoption so far) Lots of support for product ordering Lots of support for product ordering Little support for service binding Little support for service binding No one ebRIM representation will fit everyone Need an imagery counterpart to Dublin Core? NASA community could enhance catalog interoperability by defining one or more overlapping CS/W ebRIM representations NASA community could enhance catalog interoperability by defining one or more overlapping CS/W ebRIM representations