OER and Public Policy: Overview & Opportunities

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Speaker(s): Nicole Allen and Nicholas Shockey

Transcript of OER and Public Policy: Overview & Opportunities

  • 1. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER and Public Policy Overview and Opportunities 2014 OCWC Global Conference April 24, 2014 Ljubljana, Slovenia Nicole Allen (@txtbks) Director of Open Education, SPARC Nick Shockey (@R2RC) Director of Programs & Engagement, SPARC Director, Right to Research Coalition

2. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. www.sparc.arl.org @SPARC_NA 3. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Launched in Summer 2009 Built around the Student Statement on the Right to Research: access to research is a student right International alliance of 77 graduate & undergraduate student organizations, representing nearly 7 million students 4. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Link to full paper: bit.ly/OERpolicypaper 5. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Outline Introduction Defining OER Policy Types of OER Policy Opportunities Conclusion 6. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org public policy is about solving public problems 7. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org How can policymakers leverage #OER as a solution to public problems? 8. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Outline Introduction Defining OER Policy Types of OER Policy Opportunities Conclusion 9. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources (OER) are defined as teaching, learning, & research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re- purposing by others. Free + Reuse Rights 10. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER policies are laws, rules and courses of action that facilitate the creation, use or improvement of OER 11. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Public Policy Criteria for our definition of OER public policy: 1. Policy is formally adopted by a governmental entity 2. Policy directly relates to OER 12. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Policy Features Forum: the general system or level of govt in which the policy operates. Scope: the limits of the policy, incl. timeframe and to whom it applies. Actor: the entity responsible for formally adopting a policy. 13. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER policy leverages #OER as a solution to public problems @r2rc @txtbks #ocwglobal Tweet-Sized Summary 14. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Our perspective As were based in Washington D.C., we tend to be most familiar with North American policies The OER community in North America tends to place more emphasis on textbooks and course materials than those elsewhere We want to hear your perspective! 15. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Outline Introduction Defining OER Policy Types of OER Policy Opportunities Conclusion 16. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Types of OER Policy Based on our review of OER policies, we identified four categories: 1. Licensing Policies 2. Resource Policies 3. Inducement Policies 4. Framework Policies 17. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org licensing policies insert open licensing into existing systems that create educational resources 18. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 19. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 20. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org This is a consolidated version of all the changes that occurred until 26/09/2011 . Addressof thislegislation 52,681 DECREEOF 26 SEPTEMBER2011 AVAILABLE ON COMPULSORY LICENSING OF INTELLECTUAL WORKS PRODUCED WITH EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES, TEACHING AND RELATED WITHIN THE MUNICIPAL PUBLIC EDUCATION NETWORK. Gilberto Kassab,mayor of So Paulo,in exerciseof thepowers conferred upon itby law, WHEREAS the This is a consolidated version of all the changes that occurred until 26/09/2011 . Addressof thislegislation 52,681 DECREEOF 26 SEPTEMBER2011 AVAILABLE ON COMPULSORY LICENSING OF INTELLECTUAL WORKS PRODUCED WITH EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES, TEACHING AND RELATED WITHIN THE MUNICIPAL PUBLIC EDUCATION NETWORK. Gilberto Kassab,mayor of So Paulo,in exerciseof thepowers conferred upon itby law, WHEREAS the Municipal Education owns thecopyrighton theworks produced by itwhoseuseby third parties, provided thatfor purposes notbusiness depends on your prior written authorization;CONSIDERING theneed to regulatethemunicipal level, thedissemination of works prepared by thatDepartment,and theconditions of its useand reproduction by third parties as a measureof publicpolicy thatseeks to ensuredisciplineand democraticaccess to educational and pedagogical contentpublicnature, hereby decrees: Article 1 The intellectual works produced by theMunicipal Departmentof Education for useby units of themunicipal publicschools,with educational,pedagogical and related objectives,such as books and instructional materials,curriculumguidelines and guidancemanuals for theschool feeding programshould bemade availableon thewebsitethattheSecretariatPortal Municipality of So Paulo on theInternetand licensed for free use, including copying, distribution and transmission, subject to the following conditions: I - preservation of therightof attribution to theauthor,II-non-commercial purposes. SoleParagraph -The compulsory licensethatis the"caput" of this articleincludes therightto createderivativeworks, provided they arelicensed under thesamelicenseas theoriginal work. Art 2 Contracts concluded by the 21. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 22. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 23. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 1,000+ Congressional advocacy visits over the past 4.5 years 24. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 25. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org resource policies allocate resources directly to support creation, use and improvement of OER 26. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 27. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org inducement policies call for or incentivize actions to support OER 28. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 29. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 30. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 13.3025.01000 Sixty-third Legislative Assembly of North Dakota Introduced by Representatives Beadle, Heilman, N. Johnson, Looysen, Sanford, Mock, Oversen Senator Flakoll A concurrent resolution urging the State Board of Higher Education and faculty members of North Dakota University System institutions to increase the use of open textbooks for academic courses in order to reduce the financial burden to higher education students. WHEREAS, a North Dakota University System student pays an estimated average of $1,100 per year for academic course textbooks; and WHEREAS, high textbook costs create a financial burden for students to attend a higher education institution which may limit student access to higher education; and WHEREAS, open textbooks are published under a license that enables students to obtain free or low-cost versions of electronic or printed academic textbooks; and WHEREAS, the use of open textbooks can significantly reduce higher education costs for students which increases student access to higher education; and WHEREAS, the use of open textbooks among all North Dakota University System institutions and other states' higher education systems for common core courses may result in efficiencies reducing state costs related to higher education; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF NORTH DAKOTA, THE SENATE CONCURRING THEREIN: That the Sixty-third Legislative Assembly urges the State Board of Higher Education and faculty members of North Dakota University System institutions to increase the use of open textbooks for academic courses in order to reduce the financial burden to higher education students; and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the Secretary of State forward copies of this resolution to each member of the State Board of Higher Education, to the Chancellor of the North Dakota University System, and to each North Dakota University System institution president. Page No. 1 13.3025.01000 HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO. 3013 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 31. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org framework policies create pathways or mitigate barriers for action to support OER 32. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 33. @txtbks @R2RCScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org 34. @txtbks @