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Transcript of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
By:Anthony MartinezDanny Quach
OCD is a mental disorder in which a person suffers from unwanted thoughts(Obsessions) or rituals(Compulsions)Usually the person feels like they have no control over their compulsionsPerforming rituals only provide the individual with brief relief from the anxiety that the thoughts cause
Having repeated thoughts or images about different things, such as:fear of germs and dirtIntruders or acts of violence hurting loved onessexual acts or being overly tidyOften perform the same rituals over and over again such as taking a shower, locking and unlocking doors, counting, keeping unneeded items.Usually spend at least 1 hour a day on the thoughts and rituals, which cause distress and get in the way of daily life.
Theories suggest that OCD is based upon an interaction between biological and environmental factorsThe biological perspective says that OCD is the cause of insufficient levels of neurotransmitters (seretonin, dopamine, and glutamine) in the brain.OCD can also originate from traumatic experiences as well. An example would be Pauls experience as an adolescent
Exposure and response prevention- is a behavioral therapy that exposes the individual to whatever triggers their obsessive thoughts and teaches them techniques to avoid performing their compulsive ritualsAnti-anxiety medications and anti-depressants can also be used to treat symptoms
About 2% of the U.S. population has OCD in a given year.OCD typically begins during adolescence or early childhood; at least one-third of the cases of adult OCD began in childhood.Famous people with OCD are Leonardo DiCaprio, Jessica Alba, David Beckham, Donald Trump