Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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  1. 1. OBSESSIVE - COMPULSIVE DISORDER Aarany Rasalingam, Julie Tran, Domenico Caggianiello, & Yvona Pimentel
  2. 2. Obsessions Unwanted repetitive thoughts Anxiety Compulsion Behaviours Repeated actions Reduces anxiety Awareness Changes over time
  3. 3. Equally prevalent in both male and females Starts during childhood or the teen years. Diagnosed by about 19 years May run in families
  4. 4. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Exposure and response prevention Different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to situations Medical Anti-anxiety Anti-depression
  5. 5. Psychoanalytical Behavioural Responses to unsolved conflicts from an early stage of development Associated with certain objects or situations with fear OCD symbolized- unconscious struggle Pattern begins when under periods of high emotional stresss Was not grounded with evidence based on the brain Vulnerable to fear and anxiety Helped explain the content of the obsession but not the process Neutral things become tied to fears
  6. 6. Cognitive Learning Theory Association people make between an object and fear Learning negative thoughts towards normal situations as a result of life experience (ex. Interview and bathroom) Interpret their thoughts wrong, therefore fearing leads to avoidance and/or rituals Exaggerated danger to their thoughts, because of false beliefs Distress leading to avoidance/rituals
  7. 7. BIOLOGICAL Genetic and neurological bases of OCD Over activity in the limbic system Basal Ganglia Cingulate Gyrus Insufficient levels of Serotonin PSYCHOLOGICAL The thought and behavior patterns that individuals with OCD develop are based on their specific learning and lifetime experiences Experience increasing levels of distress they often respond by increasing the intensity and/or frequency of their compulsions May be linked to behaviorrelated habits one learns over time
  8. 8. SOCIAL The way a family reacts to a child can affect the symptoms associated with the disorder The parents response to their childs behavior can either increase or decrease the childs anxiety Environmental Triggered by a specific, often traumatic, event Stress
  9. 9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tnzz- eFmKaw
  10. 10. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Canadian Mental Health Association. (2014, January 1). Retrieved February 14, 2015, from http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/obsessive-compulsive-disorder/#.VN_uOlPUuvO Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, OCD. (n.d.). Retrieved February 13, 2015, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/index.shtml#part5 Beyond OCD. (n.d.). OCD Education Station. Retrieved from http://www.ocdeducationstation.org/ocd-facts/what-causes-ocd Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (2001). CAMH: What causes OCD? Retrieved from http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information/a_z_mental_health_and_addiction_informat ion/obsessive_compulsive_disorder/obsessive_compulsive_disorder_information_guide/Pages/ocd _causes.aspx OCD-UK. (n.d.). What causes OCD? | OCD-UK. Retrieved from http://www.ocduk.org/what-causes- ocd Virginia Commission on Youth. (2010). Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. Retrieved from http://vcoy.virginia.gov/documents/collection/Obsessive-compulsive%20Disorder_0.pdf Psych Central. (2015). What Causes Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Retrieved February 05, 2015, From http://psychcentral.com/lib/what-causes-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/000506 Nursing Times. (2014). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Retrieved Feburuary 05, 2015, From http://www.nursingtimes.net/nursing-practice/specialisms/mental-health/obsessive-compulsive- disorder/204125.article