Objectives Describe how ethanol may help improve public health
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Transcript of Objectives Describe how ethanol may help improve public health
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1ObjectivesDescribe how ethanol may help improve public healthDescribe the benefits of ethanol to the environmentExplain how ethanol may help stimulate the economyDescribe what energy security is and how using ethanol can help attain itExplain the future of ethanolExplain the suggested actions to support ethanol
#These are the main objectives of the Awareness and Outreach Seminar. This is telling the audience what the presentation will tell them.
2Advantages of EthanolEnergy self-sufficiencyCreation of jobs within the U.S.Promotes U.S. agricultural sectorReduced emissions
#Ethanol is used in various blends as a fuel for spark ignited or gasoline enginesWhen used as a fuel in these engines for vehicle propulsion it has many advantages compared to conventional petroleum based gasoline
For example,Ethanol can help the country withfirst bulletWhile creating jobs within the U.S. since it can be domestically producedAnd many of these jobs third bullet
And it has the potential forlast bulletwhich can help clear the air compared to gasoline use4Figure 2: Comparisons. Source: Fueleconomy.gov.
#This is a pros and cons type comparison so that everyone can make an informed decision
Lets actually focus on the advantages or benefits of using ethanol
5There are many benefits of using ethanol to fuel vehicles:Betterment of health and environmentBenefits to the U.S. economyNational energy securityReduce dependence on foreign oil
Ethanol Benefits#This is a general PRT slide that most lesson one and awareness and out reach PPTs have just to introduce some areas of benefits from the various technologies and strategies, specific slides follow
6Carbon monoxide emissions are responsible for up to 20% of smog formationSmog can negatively affect the respiratory systems of those with preexisting conditions, the young, and elderlyEthanol/ethanol blends burn more completely, produce fewer carbon monoxide emissionsHealth Benefits#So lets start off by looking at the health benefits of the use of ethanol
As mentioned earlier ethanol is a high octane oxygenated fuel that can reduce emissions which is important to human health
For examplefirst bullet
7Ethanol is highly biodegradableEthanol used as vehicle fuel reduces harmful emissionsPlants used to create ethanol absorb carbon dioxide during growthEthanol does not contain sulfurEnvironmental Benefits
Figure 3: Sugarcane field. Source: NAFTC.#And very similar to health benefits are environmental benefits which are due to the properties of the fuelIn the case of pure ethanolfirst bulletwhich means it has less negative impacts in the case of spills
Since ethanol is a high octane and oxygenated fuelit has the potential to reduce harmful emissions and greenhouse gasesor carbon dioxide
Focusing on the carbon dioxide or CO2third bullet which decreases its impact and relationship to global warming
And alsolast bulletand sulfur in fuels can contribute to emissions that lead to acid rain8Creation of domestic jobsGrowth within U.S. agricultural sectorIn 2011, ethanol industry added more than $42 billion to U.S. GDP, supported more than 400,000 jobsEconomic Benefits#Switching gears to the economic benefits of ethanol use
The increased use of ethanol can lead to the.first bullet
And these jobs can providesecond bullet
For examplelast bulletso as research and use continues to growthe economic benefits of ethanol use will grow9U.S. = one of the greatest exporters of agricultural productsAbout half of U.S. oil used in 2010 was importedEthanol can be produced from domestic resourcesDomestic production lessens dependence on foreign oilEnergy Security Benefits#Now, when looking at energy security benefitslets remember thatfirst bullet and .second bullet
Since E85 a common blend of ethanol is anywhere from 51-83% ethanolit can be combined with domestically produced petroleum for a completely domestic fuel for our vehicles
Especially since ethanol itself.third bullet
So the combination has the potential to reduce dependence of foreign oil10Ethanols energy balanceEthanol can be produced from renewable biomass resourcesBiomass resources can be grown within the U.S.Renewable Benefits#And finally on the benefits front we can look atslide titleof ethanol use.As with biodieselethanol has renewable benefits since it can be produced from organic plants and feedstocks as opposed to being refined from limited fossil fuels
In the past it was thought that ethanol production was a net negativebut with recent research and new harvesting and production techniquesethanol has a positive energy balance. That means you can get more energy from it as a fuel than the energy that went into its production. For example we can look at ethanol this wayfor every gallon of ethanol producedit has the potential to displace up to 1.34 gallons of petroleum based fuels11Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS)9 billion gallons in 2008 36 billion gallons by 2022Nearly all gasoline sold in the U.S. contains ethanol
Ethanol Today and Tomorrow#Now when we look at where ethanol use is today and tomorrow we can see that the governmentwith thefirst bullethas established thesecond bullet
Through these standardsit can be seen that there were9 billion gallons of ethanol used in 2008 and the standard is set to increase use to 36 billion gallons by 2022so the future for increase ethanol use is bright
In fact, ethanol is added to nearly all gasoline sold in the U.S. due to its octane propertiesso by no means is ethanol a new fuelit is very common and proven as a vehicle fuel12The Future of EthanolNearly all gasoline in the U.S. contains some ethanolRFSs set requirements for minimum amount of ethanol useSeveral manufacturers produce vehicles that are considered flexible fuel (capable of running on E85)As production increases, the price of ethanol may decrease
#Over 75% of gasoline contains some ethanolCommon blend is E10. This is 10% ethanol and 90% gasolineGovernment looking to increase allowable blend to E1513Suggested ActionsIncreased ethanol production = lessened dependence on foreign oilManufacturers continue to introduce more FFVsPlans to produce different FFVs seem a viable option
Figure 3: Domestically grown sugar beet. Source: NAFTC.#So now that we are aware of the benefits and status of ethanolwhat are some suggested actions that we can be aware ofwell lets start off by using itasfirst bullet
Alsosecond bullet and third bullet
Stations are not located everywhere, but be aware if you vehicle has FFV capabilities and use E85 whenever possibleDo not believe myths about gasoline that contains up to 10% ethanol or more14Educate consumers about the benefits of ethanolPrice point usually below conventional gasoline pricesIncreasing number of E85 stations across the U.S.
Figure 5 (right): Fuel pump label for fuels that contain up to 10% ethanol. Source: NAFTC. Figure 6: E85 cap on a flexible fuel vehicle. Source: NAFTC.
#And as you leave this seminar educate consumers and everyone about the benefits of ethanol and dispel any negative myths about using ethanoland if that doesnt get everyones attention then check out the local prices and show them that prices may be cheaper when purchasing a cleaner domestic fuel
And everyone should check out alternative fuel data centers station locator sincelast bullet15Figure 7 (top): GM Flexible Fuel vehicle badge. Source: GM. Figure 8 (bottom): Ford Flexible Fuel vehicle badge. Source: Ford.
#And as a part of being awarecheck not only your cap on the previous page but also be aware of tags on vehicles and if you are in the market for new vehiclesbe aware of tags like these, check the fuel cap and ask the dealer about any flex fuel vehicle options16Special Note:The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) requires use of 36 billion gallons of renewable transportation fuels in the U.S. by 2022. Of that quantity, 16 billion gallons must be cellulosic biofuels. Ethanol from corn is capped at 15 billion gallons.#And as we wrap, let us