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    Submitted to :- Submitted by:-

    Mrs. Harleen Sahni Aarti Singh

    Rutu Patel

    Aparna Verma

    Manali ThakkarJasleen Sardar

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    This stage begins at birth and ends around 18 months. The

    first stage ofEriksons theory of psychosocial development isthe most fundamental stage in life.

    If successful = the baby develops a sense of trust, which

    forms the basis in the child for a sense ofidentity.

    If failure = A child develops feeling of mistrust, if care giversare inconsistent and emotionally unavailable.

    The balance of trust with mistrust depends largely

    on the quality of maternal relationship.

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    This stage lasts from about 18 months to three

    years. Basically this is the point at which the child can develop

    a certain amount of independence/autonomy.

    A delicate balance is required from the parent, they must try

    not to do everything for the child but if the child fails at a

    particular task they must not criticize the child for failures andaccidents (particularly when toilet training).

    Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and

    confident, while those who do not are left with a sense of

    inadequacy and self-doubt.

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    This stage identifies preschool age children 3 to 5 years old.

    At this age children assert themselves more frequently. They

    begin to plan activities, make up games, and initiate activities with

    others.

    The child takes initiatives which the parents will often try to stop

    in order to protect the child.If the parents treat the childs questions as trivial, a nuisance or

    embarrassing or other aspects of their behavior as threatening

    then the child may have feelings of guilt for beinganuisance.

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    This is referred to as the Latency stage and identifies school

    aged children, ages 6 to 12.During this stage, they are capable of learning, creating and

    accomplishing new skills knowledge. This is also a social

    stage of development.

    During this time, teachers play an increased role in thechilds development. If children are encouraged they begin

    to feel confident in their ability to achieve goals.

    If this initiative is not encouraged, if it is restricted by

    parents or teacher, then the child begins to feel inferior,

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    This stage refers to Adolescents, ages 12 to 18.

    During adolescence, the transition from childhood toadulthood is most critical. Children become more

    independent, and start to look at the future in terms of career

    goals, relationships, family, etc.

    . An adolescent works towards discovering her own identity,but also struggles to fit in with her peers.

    She must find this balance to be successful in this stage and

    develop the strength of fidelity. If she is not successful, she will

    experience a weak sense of self.

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    This is the stage of young adulthood, considered to

    be ages 18 to 35.Occurring in Young adulthood, we begin to share

    ourselves more intimately with others.

    During this stage, young adults seek out meaningful

    relationships. If a young adult is able to achieve thisgoal, he builds the strength of love. A lack of success in

    this stage will lead to loneliness and isolation.

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    The middle-aged adult between the ages of 35 and 65 goes through

    this stage.

    During this stage adults seek to create things that will give their lives

    purpose and meaning, usually through work or parenting

    They give back to society through raising their children, being

    productive at work, and becoming involved in community activitiesand organizations.

    When an adult succeeds in making a difference, he will feel a sense of

    stability. By failing to achieve these objectives, they become stagnant

    and feel unproductive,

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    This stage lasts from age 65 to death and is marked

    by a lot of reflection. During this stage, older adults look back on their

    lives and search for fulfillment.

    If they are successful, they will gain the strength of

    wisdom. If their reflections focus mostly on failures, a sense

    of despair and a fear of death are likely to occur.

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