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NOTAMs ILLUSTRATEDSecond Editionby Jerry Miller published by Find-it Fast Books 406 Henry Drive Montoursville, PA 17754 web site: www.nditfastbooks.com

Copyright 2010 by Jerry Miller. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means including information storage and retrieval systems without permission in writing from the author, except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a review.

"The writer does the most who gives his reader the most knowledge and takes from him the least time." -Sydney Smith (1771-1845)

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Introduction

NOTAMs are one of the most under appreciated, but most important aspects of your preight preparation. You may feel comfortable with your ability to interpret NOTAMs, however, theres always a few that perplex even the most seasoned pilots. This book was written to help pilots and aviation professionals developing a grasp of the NOTAM language. With this book, all pilots, airport operations personnel, dispatchers, and other aviation professionals will be able to understand virtually any NOTAM they confront in seconds with the simple ip of a few pages. NOTAMs Illustrated borrows heavily from the ight service specialists Bible, FAA Order 7930.2. However, this book goes far beyond the FAA publication by adding more contractions & translations, and by providing additional insights gained from my twenty-four years experience as a ight service specialist.

Local NOTAMs now NOTAMs D

Local NOTAMs will become part of the National Airspace System at 0500 UTC on January 28, 2008, published as NOTAMs D. Although there is no formal timeline, during a transitional period of about four months or more, previously issued Local NOTAMs will be converted by ight service to NOTAMs D, as time permits. All NOTAMs D will also include keywords as part of this updating process. During the transitional period, previously issued NOTAMs D will be updated to include these new keywords. The application of keywords does not signicantly change the content of NOTAM information. The keywords simply precede the NOTAM text and are intended to allow certain users to create software programs, which can extract or lter specic NOTAM categories pertinent to their needs. See pages 20 and 21 for a discussion of the most signicant changes of this modication to the NOTAM system.3

How to Use This Book

Pages 9 through 17 provide you with an enhanced alphabetical listing of over 400 contractions common to most, if not all NOTAMs. This list includes many more contractions than those listed in the official FAA NOTAMS manual. You will notice some contractions that are identical, but have different meanings. Simply use the appropriate denition by putting it into the proper context of the NOTAM you are translating. Following many of the dened contractions you will see page references. These page numbers will lead you to a sample NOTAM where the contraction is put to use. It would be impossible to list every conceivable NOTAM in any book. Your responsibility lies in developing a basic familiarity of NOTAM formats and terms by rst studying pages 19 through 29. With an understanding of this basic information, and by using the quick reference contraction pages, you will be armed with the knowledge to interpret the actual NOTAM you are attempting to understand. The discussion about temporary ight restrictions (TFRs) contained on pages 103 through 107 is another good section to initially review. Here, you will nd a few tips on how to protect yourself, should you blissfully and unknowingly wander into a TFR. Another section to review at the beginning of the winter months is the information contained on pages 37 through 49, snow, ice, and slush NOTAMs. Much of the text throughout this book is in bold type, like this. This highlighting is for clarity or emphasis only, and is not how NOTAMs are formatted in the real world. So, now, turn to page 18 and begin your journey into the mythical land of XYZ - the Eckswhyzee Airport, and learn all about NOTAMs!4

Table of ContentsNOTAM Contractions ........................... 9-17 NOTAM Classification ........................ 19-24 NOTAM D .................................. 19,20 KEYWORD USE and NOTAM Ls now NOTAM Ds... 21,22 FDC NOTAMs ....................... 23 and 99-107 Military NOTAMs ............................. 24 Pointer NOTAMs .............................. 24 NTAP - NOTAM to Airmen Publication ............. 25 Terms used in NOTAMs ........................ 26-29 "and" - or the Virgule ...................... 26 Altitude and Height ......................... 26 Days of the Week ............................ 27 Sunrise and Sunset .......................... 27 Runway Designations ......................... 27 Expression of Time .......................... 28 PLUS SEE .................................... 29 Movement Area NOTAMs ........................ 30-56 Typical Contractions Used ................... 30 Commissioning/Decommissioning ............... 31 Closures and Openings .................... 31-33 Restrictions ............................. 33-35 Runway - Right, Left, and Center ............ 36 Runway - Identification Change .............. 36 Runway - Rubber Accumulation ................ 36 Snow, Ice, Slush, Water .................. 37-55 Typical Contractions Used ................ 37 Measurement Depth ........................ 38 Coverage ................................. 39 Conditions ............................... 39 Snow .................................. 40-44 Ice ................................... 42,43 Slush .................................... 43 Drifting/Drifted Snow .................... 44 Plowed or Swept .......................... 45 Sand/Sanded - SA ......................... 46 Deicing - Liquid/Solid.................... 46 Snowbanks - SNBNK ........................ 47 Continuous Snow Removal Operations on Multiple Runways ...................... 48 Braking Action Reports - BA .............. 49

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Table of ContentsRunway Friction Measurement - MU ...... 50-52 Water .................................... 53 Mud ................................... 53,54 Frost/Frost Heave ........................ 54 Cracks ................................... 54 Ruts ..................................... 55 Soft Edge ................................ 55 Certificated Airport Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Equipment ............... 56 Lighting Aid NOTAMs ......................... 57-63 Typical Contractions Used ................... 57 Approach Light System - ALS ................. 58 Sequence Flashing Lights - SFL .............. 58 Runway Edge Light - RWY LGTS ................ 59 Runway Lights Obscured Due to Snow & Ice .... 59 Runway Centerline Light System - RCLL ....... 60 Touchdown Zone Lights - TDZ ................. 60 Runway Lead-in Light System - RLLS .......... 60 Airport Lighting Power Failure .............. 60 Airport Rotating Beacon - ABN ............... 61 Stop Bar Lighting System .................... 61 Pilot Controlled Lighting - PCL .......... 61,62 Obstruction Light Outages - Towers, etc. .... 63 NAVAID NOTAMs ............................... 64-74 Typical Contractions Used ................... 64 Unmonitored NAVAID .......................... 65 Restrictions to NAVAID's ................. 65,66 Instrument Landing Systems - ILS ......... 66-68 Microwave Landing Systems - MLS ............. 69 Simplified Directional Facility - SDF ....... 70 Localizer Type Directional Aid - LDA ........ 70 VOR/DME ..................................... 70 VORTAC - VOR, DME, TACAN ................. 70-72 Terminal VOR - TVOR ......................... 72 NDB ......................................... 73 NDB/LO ................................... 73,74 NAVAID Identification Change ................ 74 RADAR Outages ............................... 75

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Table of ContentsCommunication Outlet NOTAMs ................. 76-79 Typical Contractions Used ................... 76 Automatic Terminal Information Svc - ATIS ... 77 Remote Communication Outlet - RCO ........... 77 Clearance Delivery - CD ..................... 77 Local Airport Advisory - LAA ................ 78 VOR Voice ................................... 78 Remote Transmitter/Receiver - RTR ........... 78 Remote Communication Air/Ground Facility .... 79 Enroute Flight Advisory Service - EFAS ...... 79 Hazardous Inflt Weather Advzy Svc - HIWAS ... 79 Service NOTAMs .............................. 80-85 Typical Contractions Used ................... 80 Changes in Hours of Operation/ATC Facility or Service ............................ 80,81 Temporary Air Traffic Control Tower ...... 81,82 Loss of ATC Communications ............... 82,83 Traffic Delays .............................. 84 Traffic Management Program Alerts and Reservations ............................. 84 Flow Control Messages ....................... 85 Fuel Unavailability ......................... 85 Weather & Weather Reporting Equip NOTAMs .... 86-88 Typical Contractions Used ................... 86 Commissioning/Decommissioning of Equipment .. 86 Weather Reporting Equipment Failure ......... 87 AWOS Unreliable/Inaccurate Elements ......... 87 AWOS/ASOS Frequency Inoperative ............. 88 Low Level Windshear Alert System - LLWAS .... 88 Terminal Doppler Weather RADAT - TDWR ....... 88 Runway Visual Range - RVR ................... 88 Airspace NOTAMs ............................. 89-98 Typical Contractions Used ................... 89 Parachute Jumping/Sky Diving - PJE ....... 90,91 Aerobatic Aircraft and Areas ................ 91 Unmanned Model Rocket Launches .............. 92 Hot Air Balloons ............................ 92 Moored Balloons ............................. 92 High Altitude Balloon - HIBAL ............... 93 Restricted Areas ............................ 93

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Table of ContentsSurface Area