Non-pharmacological Treatment of Anxiety in the Primary Care Setting Presented by: Jonathan...

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Transcript of Non-pharmacological Treatment of Anxiety in the Primary Care Setting Presented by: Jonathan...

  • Slide 1
  • Non-pharmacological Treatment of Anxiety in the Primary Care Setting Presented by: Jonathan Betlinski, MD Date: 12/18/2014
  • Slide 2
  • Disclosures and Learning Objectives Learning Objective: Be able to define and apply at least three evidence-based non-pharmacologic treatments for anxiety disorders Disclosures: Dr. Jonathan Betlinski has nothing to disclose.
  • Slide 3
  • Detecting Anxiety Disorders in Primary Care Review anxiety screening tools Discuss first steps in treatment of anxiety Introduce Diaphragmatic Breathing Introduce Progressive Muscle Relaxation Introduce Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Topic for next time
  • Slide 4
  • Anxiety in the Primary Care Setting A 2007 study of patients from 15 clinics 19.5% had at least 1 anxiety disorder 8.6% PTSD 7.6% Generalized Anxiety Disorder 6.8% Panic Disorder 6.2% Social Anxiety Disorder 41% of those with Anxiety Disorders had no current treatment http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17339617
  • Slide 5
  • Indicated Screening for Anxiety: GAD-7 http://wiki.galenhealthcare.com/index.php/Galen_eCalcs_-_Calculator:_GAD-7_Gen._Anxiety_Disorder http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/clinical-practice/GAD708.19.08Cartwright.pdf
  • Slide 6
  • GAD-7, PDSR, Mini-SPIN GAD-7 (10): 89% sens, 82% spec Scores of 5, 10 and 15 indicate mild, moderate and severe anxiety http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK126694/ PDSR (8.75): 89% Sens, 100% Spec http://www.psychologie.tu-dresden.de/i2/klinische/mitarbeiter/materialien/pdsr.pdf Mini-SPIN (6): 89% Sens, 90% Spec http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0815/p501.html
  • Slide 7
  • Treating Anxiety Start with a thorough medical work up Neurologic Endocrine (thyroid, pheo, carcinoid) Mitral valve prolapse Evaluate for Substance Abuse Both intoxication and withdrawal Don't forget alcohol, caffeine and nicotine Evaluate for other psychiatric disorders http://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1591.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC427612/
  • Slide 8
  • Organic Anxiety http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4 27612/ Features of Anxiety Secondary to Organic Causes Differential Diagnosis: Anxiety Secondary to Organic Factors
  • Slide 9
  • Educate about the Cycle of Anxiety http://www.jabfm.org/content/22/2/175.full.pdf+html
  • Slide 10
  • Treating Anxiety Educate about the cycle of anxiety Address behavioral avoidance with gradual exposure Address cognitive distortions with evidence Address physical symptoms with CB and PMR http://www.jabfm.org/content/22/2/175.full.pdf+html Regular exercise counteracts anxiety http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.12.2376 Avoid caffeine, alcohol, poor sleep hygiene http://www.jabfm.org/content/22/2/175.full.pdf+html http://www.cci.health.wa.gov.au/docs/Info-sleep%20hygiene.pdf Goal: Manage anxiety, not erase it
  • Slide 11
  • Diaphragmatic Breathing Increases parasympathetic tone Slows heartrate Decreases blood pressure Increases oxygen Decreases carbon dioxide Practice for five minutes twice daily Use as needed https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_mZbzDOpylA http://www.anxietybc.com/sites/default/files/CalmBreathing.pdf https://www.nmu.edu/wellness/sites/DrupalWellness/files/UserFiles/9.19_final.pdf https://depts.washington.edu/hcsats/PDF/TF- %20CBT/pages/4%20Emotion%20Regulation%20Skills/Client%20Handouts/Relaxation/Ways%20to%20Rela x%20by%20Using%20breathing.pdf
  • Slide 12
  • Progressive Muscle Relaxation Deliberately ordered tensing and relaxation of muscle groups 65% Panic-free at 12 weeks, 82% at 1 year Keys for use Often helpful for bedtime relaxation Practice the same system Use a tape or video to help http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7887873?dopt=Abstract https://depts.washington.edu/hcsats/PDF/TF- %20CBT/pages/4%20Emotion%20Regulation%20Skills/Client%20Handouts/Relaxation/Ways%20to%20Relax% 20by%20Using%20breathing.pdf https://www.bcbsnc.com/assets/common/pdfs/Stress_Management_Belly_Breathing_U2979a.pdf
  • Slide 13
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive component may be more effective than behavioral More effective than Supportive Therapy and Psychodynamic Therapy May outperform pharmacotherapy Effects persist at least 6-12 months Response rates of 56% Cost-effective http://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1591.html http://www.uptodate.com/contents/psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
  • Slide 14
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Usually lasts 6-15 sessions Addresses the cognitive, physical and behavioral symptoms of anxiety Education Self-monitoring Relaxation training Cognitive Restructuring Imagery Exposure Situational Exposure Relapse Prevention http://www.uptodate.com/contents/psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
  • Slide 15
  • Treatment of Anxiety in Primary Care Anxiety Disorders are very common Anxiety Disorders commonly improve Treatment starts with Thorough medical workup Lifestyle modification Behavioral management CBT, DB, PMR can be just as effective as medicationssometimes better!
  • Slide 16
  • The End! Treating Anxiety With Medication 01/08/15 http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photo-tips/familiar-places-photos/#/japanese-maple- murawski_44192_600x450.jpg http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photo-tips/familiar-places-photos/#/japanese-maple- murawski_44192_600x450.jpg