New imperialism intro

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World History Ch.6 Sec.1

Transcript of New imperialism intro

  • 1. New Imperialism

2. Why did they do it?Europeans wanted direct control over vast territories
3. What countries controlled what parts of Southeast Asia?
4. Who controlled what?
5. Great Britain
Singapore: founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles and was a stopping point on the way to China
Burma: wanted to use Burma to protect its possessions in India and gain a land route to China
6. France
Vietnam: French forced them to accept French protection in order to keep British from monopolizing trade
Eventually controlled Saigon and Mekong River Delta and then slowly gained control over the rest of the country
Indochina: Later gained control over Cambodia, Annam, Tonkin, and Loaswhich they combined into a new Union of French Indochina
7. The United States
Inherited the Philippines from Spain after winning the Spanish-American War in 1898
President McKinely made it a colony because he wanted to civilize other countries.
The Philippines also gave them a jumping off point for trade with china
8. Indirect Rule
Local rulers maintained their authority by cooperating with their foreign rulers.
Itmade government cheaper because less officials had to be trained
Allowed local culture to continue; did not interfere with the customs of the people
9. Direct Rule
When local elites are replaced with officials from the colonial power
Used only when colonial rule was strongly opposed
10. Colonial Economies
Led to a plantation agriculture because colonial powers wanted to export more goods
Native people worked for low wages in bad conditions so that foreign investors could make more money
Colonial rule did lead to the beginning of a modern economic system
Colonial governments built railroads, highways and other structures
11. Thailand
The only remaining free state from Southeast Asia
Rulers promoted western learning and maintained friendly relations with major European powers
12. Resistance to colonial rule
Eventually the generation raised with western style education in the new urban-middle class created by colonization began to revolt
Europeans created their own worst nightmare