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NatyashastraName : Ravi BhaliyaRoll No : 24Paper : (7) Literary Theory and CriticismM.A : Sem -2 Enrolment No : 14101004Year : 2014-15Email : ravibhaliya5@gmail.comSubmitted To : Smt. S.B Gardi Department of English Maharajakrishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University

Bharatiya Natyashastra is an encyclopedia of Sanskrit literature, is the earliest work on Dramaturgy available at present.

Bharatmuni and Ancient indian musicologist has authored the theoretical treatise. There are 36 thousands sutras (couplet) and 6 thousands shlokas through which Bharatmuni talks about performing Art, Theatre, dance , and Music.

Natyashastra: introduction

Four Parts of NatyashastraBharatmuni himself identified the four kinds of bhava responsible for the various Rasas, they are known as a state of mind or state of being they areConcept of RasaImportance Indian mind to AestheticSignificant Contribution of authors +What is Rasa ?According to Bharatmuni..

VibhavaanubhavavyabhicharisamyoghtrasanishpattihiVibhava DeterminateAnubhava Consequences Vyabhichari- Transitory state or feelings According to Markand..

Rasa in Bharatmuni, is nothing but the exposition of the structure of human experienceAccording to V.S. Seturaman A Blending of various bhava arise certain emotion, accomplished by thrill and a sense of joy is Rasa AnubhavaAnubhava (gesture expressive of what is going on in the heart of mind or main character) are the physical changes due to the rise of an emotion. In actual life they are known as effect of emotion. These changes are voluntary as they can be produced by an effort of the will. They are called Anubhavas because

They communicate to the basic emotion to the characters, present on the stage.They make the spectator experience an identical emotion.VibhavaVibhava has two elements

Alamban: Alamban (supportive cause) it is the means of expression of feelings through which feeling reaches to the viewer. They are the character of the literary work and performer of the drama.

2. Udipan: They are the events happens in the drama and the stage decoration as well as the atmosphere created by music, light effect on the stage and depiction of the atmosphere through words in text.VyabhichribhavaIt is known as Transitory state of mind. They are like waves, which raise from the ocean of the basic mental state and subside into the same though they are mental states, they appear as it were embodied. These supporting feelings are short lived and they can enter into alliance with a number of SthayibhavaSthayibhavaIt is known as a dominant state of mind . SentimentsMeaningGodColor1)ShringaraattractivenessVishnuLight green2)HasyaMirth/comedypramathawhite3)RudraFurgRudraRed4)Karun yamCompassion/tragedyYamaGray5)BibhatsamDisgust/aversionShivaBlue6)BhayanakamHorror/TerrorKalaBlack7)ViraHeroic moodIndraYellowish8)AdbhutamWonder/AmazementBrahmaYellow9)ShantamPeace -WhiteTo Sum UpThere are references and quotations are found in certain works of Kalidasa,Anandvardhana and Mammata,Bana shows Natyashastra is work anterior to the fifth century C.E.The terminology used in the Natyashastra for acting,music,Dance,Gesture and musical instruments also indicate the date of the work.