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Native People

Native People

What do you know about native people?

HistoryFoodMusicRecapFirst NationsNativeAboriginalIndigenousTribe name (Iroquois, Inuit, Miqmaq,)Namesp. 77-79

Why is the term Indian no longer used by many people today?What are the lands set aside for and owned by the First Nations people called?What are the two heritage cultures of most Metis?Where do most Inuit live?Readp. 81-82

Were relations between Native peoples and the first explorers usually friendly or unfriendly?Who helped the early settlers to live off the land?What are some examples of knowledge that early Native peoples had?Readp. 206-208

Which two animals were very important to the Inuit and why?How did the people know where to find the animals when they were hunting?A very serious disease killed many of the indigenous people in Canadas North. What was that disease?How are the First Nations people of the North adapting to a new way of life today?ReadClothingTransportationHomesCommunitiesModern ProblemsIdle No MoreArtFolk Stories

CeremonialClothing: Traditional


Clothing: Modern

SnowshoesCanoeTobogganDogsledTransportation: Traditional

SnowmobileCars/trucksTransportation: modern

TipiHomes: Traditional

Longhouse (Iroquois)

Igloo (Inuit)

Homes: Modern

ReservationsUrban living (54%) Toronto, Winnipeg, etc.

Living with tribesExtended families lived togetherElder people had special roleShare traditionsGive adviceShare wisdomTeach cultureCommunities: Traditional

Canadian government and churches ran boarding schools for native children Children separated from family, didnt learn native language and culture, suffered abuseGovernment apologized in 2008, now investigating crimes at these schools

Residential Schools (1870s-1950s)

Land given to native groups: Canadian government


Many are successful, strong economies, tourism, good schoolsMany have problems: unemployment, poor education and hospitals

Trauma from residential schools: psychological problems, alcoholism, no cultural connectionGlobal warming: changing conditions for hunters, fishers, especially InuitRacism: culture is misunderstood by other Canadians, high rates of alcoholism, suicide, arrestModern Problems

Government change to environment lawsGrowing unhappiness on native reserves: government ignoring problems with housing, education, poor living conditionsFrustration with government; poor communicationIdle No More

ProtestsSocial media (Facebook, Twitter)Native groups working togetherRoad, train blockadesIdle No More