National Solar Mission India

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India targets 20+2 GW Solar power by 2022. Support of $19 Billion with $922 Million for first tthree years

Transcript of National Solar Mission India

  • 1. by

2.

  • Introduction
  • Importance & Relevance of Solar Energy in India
  • Objectives & Targets
  • Mission Strategy (Phase I & II)
  • Proposed Roadmap
  • Policy & Regulatory Framework
  • Research & Development

11/24/09 3.

  • Human Resource Development
  • Institutional Arrangements for Mission
  • International Collaboration
  • Financing Mission Activities

11/24/09 4.

  • Major initiative by GOI & State Governments
  • Aims at promoting ecologically sustainable growth
  • Also addresses energy security challenge
  • Will contribute to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change

11/24/09 5.

  • Cost
    • Solar is high on absolute cost as compared with other power such as coal
    • Objective of Solar Mission is to drive down the cost by
      • Rapid scale-up of capacity
      • Technological innovation
    • Mission anticipates to achieve
      • Grid parity by 2022
      • Parity with coal-based thermal power by 2030

11/24/09 6.

    • Cost trajectory depends on
      • Scale of global deployment
      • Technological development & transfer
    • Cost projections vary - from 22% for every doubling of capacity to a reduction of only 60% with global deployment increasing 16 times the current level
    • Mission recognizes a number of off-grid applications for meeting rural needs which are cost-effective & requires rapid expansion

11/24/09 7.

  • Scalability
    • About 5000 Trillion Kwh energy potential is incident over Indias land area with most parts receiving 4-7 Kwh/Sq.mt/Day
    • Technologies that can be used to harness the resource & provide huge scalability of solar in India Solar Photovoltaics & Solar Thermal
    • Advantages of Solar technology
      • Ability to provide power in a distributed basis
      • Enable rapid capacity addition with short lead times.
      • Apt solution for rural electrification
      • Can work in diffused radiating conditions as well

11/24/09 8.

  • Environmental Impact
    • Zero emissions while generating heat and emissions
  • Security of source
    • Available abundantly
    • Small fraction of total incident solar energy can meet the entire countrys power requirements

11/24/09 9.

  • Objective is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy
  • Mission adopts 3-phase approach
    • Phase I (up to 2012/2013) remaining period of 11 thfive yr plan & first yr of 12 thyr plan
    • Phase II (2013-2017) remaining 4 yrs of 12 thfive yr plan
    • Phase III (2017-2022) 13 thfive yr plan

11/24/09 10.

  • End of each plan there will be
    • Evaluation of progress
    • Review of capacity
    • Targets for subsequent phases
  • Above evaluations will be based on emerging cost and technology trends, both domestic and global
  • Aims to protect government from subsidy exposure & expects cost reduction does not materialize or ismore rapid than expected

11/24/09 11.

  • Mission Targets
    • Create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022
    • Ramp up capacity of grid-connected solar power generation
      • 2013 1000 MW
      • 2017
        • Additional 3000 MW(mandatory use of renewable purchase obligation by utilities backed with preferential tariff)
        • Capacity could increase to 10,000 MW installed power by 2017 or more, based on enhanced & enabled international finance & technology transfer

11/24/09 12.

      • 2022 20,000 MW or more will be dependent on learning of first two phases
    • Create favorable conditions for solar manufacturing capability (solar thermal for indigenous production & market leadership)
    • Promote programmes for off grid applications (1000 MW 2017 & 2000 MW 2022)
    • Achieve 15 million sq. meters 2017 & 20 million sq. meters -2022of solar thermal collector area
    • 2022 - deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas

11/24/09 13.

  • Phase I
    • Will provide broad framework to achieve objectives
    • Will create necessary environment to attract industry & project developers to invest in research, domestic manufacturing & development of solar power generation
    • Hence will help in creating the critical mass for a domestic solar industry
    • Mission to work closely with State Govts., Regulators, Power utilities & Local self govt. bodies to ensure activities & policy framework being laid out can be implemented effectively

11/24/09 14.

    • Utility connected applications: constructing the solar grid
      • Promoting solar power through Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) mandated for power utilities, with specific solar component
      • RPO will drive utility scale power generation(solar PV or solar thermal)
      • RPO will gradually increase where as the tariff fixed for solar power purchase will decline over time
    • The below 80C challenge solar collectors
      • Mission sets an ambitious target for ensuring that applications, domestic & industrial, below 80C are solarised

11/24/09 15.

      • Key strategy to make necessary policy changes to meet this objective
        • Making solar heaters mandatory, through building byelaws and incorporation in the National Building Code
        • Ensure the introduction of effective mechanisms for certification and rating of manufacturers of solar thermal applications
        • Facilitate measurement and promotion of these individual devices through local agencies and power utilities
        • Support the upgrading of technologies and manufacturing capacities through soft loans, to achieve higher efficiencies and further cost reduction

11/24/09 16.

    • The off-grid opportunity lighting homes of the power- deprived poor
      • Key problem to find optimum financial strategy to pay for the high-end initial costs in these applications through appropriate Government support
      • Government has promoted the use of decentralized applications through financial incentives and promotional schemes
      • Solar Mission has set a target of 1000 MW by 2017, which may appear small, but its reach will add up to bringing changes in millions of households
      • 30 % capital subsidy for promoting innovative applications of solar energy

11/24/09 17.

      • Mission plans to
        • Provide solar lighting system under the ongoing remote village electrification programme of MNRE to cover about 10,000 villages & hamlets
        • Set up stand alone rural solar power plants in special category States and remote and difficult areas such as Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Ladakh region of J&K. Border areas would also be included
        • Promotion of other off grid solar power applications would also be e