National Park Service History eLibrary - Foundation ... Big Bend National Park, the first national...

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  • Foundation Document Big Bend National Park Texas May 2016

    NATIONAL PARK SERVICE • U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

  • Foundation Document

    2627

    170

    118

    385

    118

    M A D E R A S

    D E L C A R M E N

    P R O T E C T E D A R E A

    S A N T A E L E N A C A N Y O N

    P R O T E C T E D A R E A

    UNITED STATES

    M EXICO

    UNITED STATES

    MEXICO

    M E

    X IC

    O

    U N

    IT E

    D

    S TA

    TE

    S

    C H

    IH U

    A H

    U A

    C O

    A H

    U IL

    A

    Mule Ears Spring

    Grapevine Spring

    Cr ee

    k

    Wash

    Cr ee

    k

    Javelina

    Cre ek

    Blue

    R

    oug h

    R un

    A la

    m o

    Te rl

    in g

    u a

    Tornillo Creek

    R i o

    G

    ra

    nd

    e

    Rio Grande

    Castolon/ Santa Elena

    Junction

    Maverick Junction

    Chisos Mountains Basin Junction

    Ro ss

    M

    a x w

    e ll

    S

    ce nic Drive

    Chisos Basin Road

    R io

    G ra

    n d

    e

    W il

    d a

    n d

    S ce

    n ic

    R iv

    er

    B I G B E N D N A T I O N A L P A R K

    Chim neys

    (Oute r Mountai

    n Loo p)

    Dodson

    Trail

    Telephone

    Ca ny

    on T

    rai l

    Santa Elena Canyon Trail

    Ore Terminal Trail

    Dorgan House Trail

    Lost Mine Trail

    Trail

    Juniper Canyon

    Trail

    Dog Canyo n

    Trail

    Trail

    Rim T ra

    ilMariscal Ca n

    yo n

    Cr os

    s C

    an yo

    n Trail

    Pin e Canyon

    Dagg er Flat Au

    t o

    Tr

    a il

    O

    ld O re

    R o

    a d

    Gr ap

    ev i n

    e H

    il ls

    Ro

    ad

    O ld

    O re

    R o

    ad

    G le

    n n

    S p

    ri n

    g R

    o ad

    Glenn Sprin g

    Road

    B la

    ck

    G

    ap R

    oa d

    R iv

    e r

    R oa

    d Eas

    t

    O ld

    M av

    er

    ick

    R oa

    d

    Te r l i ng

    ua Ra

    nch R o ad

    La Noria

    Solís

    Government Spring

    B L A C K G A P W I L D L I F E M A N A G E M E N T A R E A

    ROS ILLOS RANCH

    C H

    I S O

    S

    M

    O U N T

    A I N S

    C E

    R R

    O D

    E L

    V E

    I N T

    E

    S I E

    R R

    A D

    E S

    A N

    V I C

    E N

    T E

    S I

    E R

    R A

    D E

    L C

    A R

    M E

    N

    S A N TA ELENA C A NY

    ON

    M E S A D E A NG U

    I L A

    B L A C K M E S A

    T O R N I L L O F L A T

    E R

    N S

    T B A

    S I N

    E R

    N S

    T V A

    L L

    E Y

    T E L E P H O N E C A N Y O N

    D A G G E R F L AT

    M A

    R ISC

    A L M

    O U

    N TA

    IN

    S I E

    R R

    A L A

    R G

    A

    ROSILLOS MOUNTAINS

    S A N T I A G O M

    O U N T A I N S

    GRAPEVINE HILLS

    BURRO MESA

    CHRISTMAS MOUNTAINS

    B O

    Q U I LL AS

    CA NY

    O N

    S O U TH R

    IM

    TU FF

    CA NY

    ON

    Hen Egg Mountain

    Packsaddle Mountain

    Aqua Fria Mountain

    Camels Hump

    Graytop

    CORAZONES PEAKS

    Rosillos Peak

    Dagger Mountain Stairway Mountain

    Slickrock Mountain Croton Peak

    Dogie Mountain

    The Window

    Emory Peak

    Mule Ears Peaks

    Goat Mountain

    Maverick Mountain

    Tule Mountain

    Peña Mountain

    Cerro Castellan

    Triangulation Station Mountain

    Elephant Tusk

    Roys Peak

    Dominguez Mountain

    Talley Mountain

    Chilicotal Mountain

    Toll Mtn

    Lost Mine Peak

    Panther Peak Pummel Peak

    Nugent Mountain

    PAINT GAP HILLS

    Luna's Jacal

    Fossil Bone Exhibit

    Sam Nail Ranch

    Dugout Wells

    Hot Springs

    Santa Elena River Access

    Burro Mesa Pouroff

    Homer Wilson Ranch

    Sotol Vista

    Barton Warnock Museum Environmental Education Center (Big Bend Ranch State Park)

    Terlingua Ranch

    Daniels Ranch

    Chisos Basin

    Chisos Mountains Lodge

    Park Headquarters

    Cottonwood

    Castolon

    Rio Grande Overlook

    Boquillas Canyon Overlook

    Mariscal Mine

    TERLINGUA GHOST TOWN

    SANTA ELENA

    LA LINDA

    BOQUILLAS DEL CARMEN

    SAN VICENTE

    Primitive road (four-wheel-drive, high-clearance vehicles only)

    Unpaved road

    Please observe landowner’s rights.

    Private land within park boundary

    Ruins

    S I E R RA D E L C

    A B

    A L L O

    M U

    E R T O

    T H E S O L I TA R I O

    Rive r Road W

    est

    Panther Junction

    Persimmon Gap

    Stillwell Store and RV Park

    LAJITAS

    Balanced Rock

    STUDY BUTTE/ TERLINGUA

    P U N TA

    D E L A

    S I E R

    R A

    Rio Grande Village

    Casa Grande

    Ma

    ri sc

    al C

    an yo

    n

    Visitor Center

    Visitor Center

    Visitor Center

    Visitor Center

    Visitor Center

    Big Bend National Park

    T E X A S

    0 5 0 5 10 Miles

    10 Kilometers Trail

    Rapids North

  • Big Bend National Park

    Contents Mission of the National Park Service 1

    Introduction 2

    Part 1: Core Components 3

    Brief Description of the Park 3 Park Purpose 5 Park Significance 6 Fundamental Resources and Values 7 Other Important Resources and Values 9 Interpretive Themes 10

    Part 2: Dynamic Components 11

    Special Mandates and Administrative Commitments 11 Assessment of Planning and Data Needs 11

    Analysis of Fundamental Resources and Values 11

    Analysis of Other Important Resources and Values 43

    Identification of Key Issues and Associated Planning and Data Needs 46

    Planning and Data Needs 48

    Part 3: Contributors 58

    Big Bend National Park and Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River 58 NPS Intermountain Region 58 NPS WASO, Park Planning and Special Studies 58 NPS Denver Service Center - Planning 58

    Appendixes 59

    Appendix A: Enabling Legislation and Legislative Acts for Big Bend National Park 59

    Appendix B: Traditionally Associated Tribes 65 Appendix C: Inventory of Special Mandates and

    Administrative Commitments 66 Appendix D: Past and Ongoing Park Planning and

    Data Collection Efforts 73

  • Foundation Document

  • 1

    Big Bend National Park

    Mission of the National Park Service The National Park Service (NPS) preserves unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the national park system for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations. The National Park Service cooperates with partners to extend the benefits of natural and cultural resource conservation and outdoor recreation throughout this country and the world.

    The NPS core values are a framework in which the National Park Service accomplishes its mission. They express the manner in which, both individually and collectively, the National Park Service pursues its mission. The NPS core values are:

    · Shared stewardship: We share a commitment to resource stewardship with the global preservation community.

    · Excellence: We strive continually to learn and improve so that we may achieve the highest ideals of public service.

    · Integrity: We deal honestly and fairly with the public and one another.

    · Tradition: We are proud of it; we learn from it; we are not bound by it.

    · Respect: We embrace each other’s differences so that we may enrich the well