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- 1. Location : Karnataka.Nearest Access :Mysore, 80 Kilometeres away from Nagarhole.Main Wildlife Found :Snakes, Four-Horned Antelope, Sloth Bear, Mouse-deer etc.Coverage Area : 64,330 hectares.How to Reach Nagarhole National park ?Nagarhole National park is well connected to adjoining areas ofKarnataka. Motorable highways link the park to the towns of Madikere(90 km) and Mysore (96 km) . The journey from both places lastsapproximately 2 hours. The nearest well-connected railway junction isMysore, while the nearest international airport is Bangalore (220 km).Various airlines link Bangalore to the rest of the nation.Where to Stay in Nagarhole ?The Forest Department manages two rest houses but reservations hasto be made to stay here. The Kabini River Lodge near Karapur on theMysore. Manathavadi highway also has good
2. Preface.Nagarhole national park (NNP), the enchanting 247 square-mile park in Karnataka has anastonishing abundance of wildlife including large mammals such as tiger, leopard, wild elephant,dhole (Indian wild dog), and gaur (Indian bison). Other species present are chital spotted deer,muntjac (barking deer), mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild boar, sloth bear, hyena,mongoose, civet, otter, and more. The landscape is one of gentle slopes and shallow valleys. Drydeciduous forest trees are leafless in the summer rather than in the winter. There are grassyswamps where the soil is clayey, perennially moist, and which support a luxuriant growth ofgreen grass all year. The change in terrain throughout the park in refreshing and the river systemprovides a unique wildlife viewing experience.Nagarhole National park derives its name from the combination of two Kannada words. Nagar,meaning snake, and hole, meaning streams. True to its name, quite a few serpentine streamsfork through the rich tropical forests of the park. Nagarhole Park was set up in 1955. In 1975,The park has been recently renamed as Rajiv Gandhi NationalPark after the late Prime Ministerof India.Nagarhole National Park is counted among Indias best wildlife parks. It has a large elephant andbison population. It also hosts a variety of animal species along with approximately 250 speciesof birds. On its northern confines is the Kabini River and on its southern fringes is the Bandipurnational park. A dam on the Kabini River and its picturesque reservoir demarcates the twonational parks. 3. Nagarhole National Park also known as "Rajiv Gandhi National Park", is a nationalpark located inKodagu district and Mysore district in Karnataka state in South India.This park was declared the thirty seventh Project Tiger tiger reserve in 1999. It is partof the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Western Ghats Nilgiri Sub-Cluster of6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi), including all of Nagarhole National Park, is underconsideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a WorldHeritage Site.The park has rich forest cover, small streams, hills, valleys and waterfalls. The park hasa healthy tiger-predator ratio, with many tigers, Indian bison and elephants.PoachingPoaching of birds and other mammals is another serious issue. A high number of elephant deathshave been reported from this park, with nearly 100 elephants dying between 199192 and 2004-05in the Kodagu and Hunsur Forest Division (PA Update 2005). Elephants are killed for their ivory. Astudy carried out by Wildlife First! found that nearly 77 elephants were reported dead between 1January 2000 and 31 October 2002. Another study carried out by the Institute for NaturalResources, Conservation, Education, Research and Training (INCERT) in 2002 revealed that asmany as seven elephants had been killed earlier that year.A study carried out by Dr. Ullas Karanth and Madhusudan between 1996-97 revealed that huntingwas the biggest threat to wildlife in Kudremukh and Nagarhole National Parks. The survey carriedout on 49 active and 19 retired hunters revealed that 26 species of wildlife were hunted at anaverage intensity of 216 hunter days per month per village. As much as 48% of the huntersreported hunting for the thrill. The study showed that in Nagarhole, 16 mammal species weighingover 1 kg were regularly hunted with shotguns and also by traditional methods used by tribalcommunities. 4. Asian Elephant 5. Tiger 6. Leopard 7. One- HornedRhinoceros 8. I 9. INDIAN PEAFOWLIndian Peafowl ismost attractive partare the train offeathers. It is themost beautiful birdfound all over theworld. It is found inalmost all the partsof India, but now nomore. 10. COMMON KINGFISHERCommon Kingfisheris one of the mostpopular birds foundin India. Coldweather hasseriously declinedthe population ofCommon Kingfisher.It can be spotted inBharatpur WildlifeSanctuary in India. 11. INDIAN ROLLERAlso called as BlueJay. Indian Roller isconsidered as sacredamong the Hindus.They are sometimeshunted for sports andfood. Indian Rollersomnivorous.