Narrative story elements
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Narrative story elements
Narrativestory elementsRemember the mnemonicWhat does CCCOMPSS stand for again?Opening sequenceWhat is the start of Psychos opening sequence? When does it end?What is the start of Edward Scissorhands opening sequence? When does it end?
Psycho opening sequenceThe opening sequence starts with the Paramount logo; includes the title sequence; the scene with Sam & Marion in the hotel room; the scene in Marions office; and ends with the scene where Marion is packing and then leaves her room.
Edward Scissorhands opening sequenceThe opening sequence starts with the 20th Century Fox logo (with added falling snow); includes the title sequence; the scene with the grandmother and her grand daughter; the scene introducing Peg and the suburb she lives in; and ends with the scene where Peg meets Edward for the first time.
5Opening SequenceFor both films, you need to know:Which characters are introduced? Who is the main character?What do you know about the setting?What kind of sound is there (inc. the titles)What significance do the titles have to the rest of the narrative?What initial problem is the main character facing?How does it seem the story may progress (narrative possibilities)?Character Who are the main characters of each film?What is an antagonist? Who is/are the antagonists of each film?What is a protagonist? Who is/are the protagonists of each film?Character you need to knowWhat is the relationship between the antagonist and the protagonist?How is this relationship established? How does it develop?For each character, you need to be able to describe:their dresstheir surroundingswhat they sayhow they act what other characters say about themwhether these characters are typical of the genre or not.
Practice question 10 minsWith reference to one of your texts, explain the nature and function of the story element character. (5 marks)SettingWhat are some of the main settings in Psycho?What are some of the main settings in Edward Scissorhands?
Setting must knowWhat locations are used in the narrative?What is the historical period of the narrative?How does the setting help tell the narrative?Is the setting/s typical of the genre?Is the setting/s symbolic in any way?
Multiple StorylinesWhats a primary storyline?Whats a secondary storyline?Whats a narrative possibility?Need to know for each filmWhat is the primary storyline?What are some of the secondary storylines?How do the primary and secondary plots interconnect?Do they revolve around the same characters? Does this happen for all or just some of the same characters?Do these things stay the same in each film or not?Narrative Possibilities in PsychoIn Psycho, Hitchcock presented several narrative possibilities that were never realised. Eg:Sam & Marion might break upSam & Marion might get marriedMarion & Norman may become romantically involvedMarion might return to PhoenixBy suggesting these possibilities, Hitchcock was then able to surprise and shock the audience.Killing Marion off within 40 minutes was the biggest shock for audiences.This then presented new possibilities for the narrative to follow.Narrative possibilities in Edward ScissorhandsEdward moves to the suburb and lives a more normal life thereEdward moves to the suburb, doesnt fit in and does something against the people in the suburbEdward and Kim fall in loveKim rejects EdwardEdward stays in the suburbEdward moves from the suburbStructuring of TimeWhat does structuring of time mean?What does linear mean?What does non-linear mean?How it works Editing tricks: montage, slow motion (expansion of time), fast motion (contraction of time), flash backs, flash forwards.Its easy to confuse editing and structuring of time.Editing is the production element that allows structuring of time to occur.Go to 2006 examiners report for an insight into this.Time structure in PsychoHow is time structured in Psycho?How can you tell that this is the way time is structured? Are there any clues?Key sequence: Marions movement from the office to her bedroom to leaving PhoenixTime Structure in Edward ScissorhandsHow is time structured in Edward Scissorhands?How can you tell that this is the way time is structured? Are there any clues?Key sequence: Edward helping Peg in the kitchen, flashing back to the inventors workshop before flashing forward again to the barbeque (30:55 33:50)Cause & EffectWhats a cause?Whats an effect?Can you have an effect without a cause?Psycho:What motivates Marion and Norman?What effects do these motivations have?Edward Scissorhands:What motivates Edward, Kim and Peg?What effects do these motivations have?
Practice question 10 minsUsing the other text you studied this year, discuss how cause and effect contributes to the development of the narrative. (5 marks)Point of ViewWhat is Point of View? (remember here were talking about the story element, not the camera technique).Point of View need to knowWhose perspective is the story told from?Does it stay the same or does it change?This is another area that has tripped up some students in the past. 2006 examiners report addresses this.Closing sequenceWhats the point of a closing sequence?Where does the closing sequence begin in Psycho?Where does the closing sequence begin in Edward Scissorhands?
Psycho closing sequence: from where Lila enters the Bates family home to the final shot where the car is being pulled from the swamp.Edward Scissorhands closing sequence: from where Edward saves Kevin from Jims drunk-driving friend to the final shot of snow coming from Edwards mansion (1:24:52)This is a common area of the examOften you will need to discuss it in relation to opening sequence, so you need to be able to explain how the narrative possibilities that are set up in the opening sequence are resolved in the closing sequence.
Themes, issues & motifsWhat are these? Need your glossary definition!What were some of the motifs in Psycho?What were some of the motifs & themes in Edward Scissorhands?Reception context & audience experience and expectationsWhat are each of these things?How can reception be affected?How do audience experience and expectations impact on how a text is received?To note for examIf a question does come up about reception context and/or audience experience and expectations, you need to MAKE SURE you dont use I in your response.Instead you should phrase it like The audience may have been in this situation or The audience in 1960 may have expected thisHomework complete these questionsWith reference to one of your texts, explain the nature and function of the story element character. (5 marks)Using the other text you studied this year, discuss how cause and effect contributes to the development of the narrative. (5 marks)