Narratiev & audience theory

download Narratiev & audience theory

of 13

  • date post

    12-May-2015
  • Category

    Technology

  • view

    154
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Narratiev & audience theory

  • 1.Learning Objective: To understand and apply Audience & narrative theory to the films Learning outcome: All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to the films(Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B)

2. Vladimir Propp (1895 1970) 8 Character Roles The Hero a character that seeks something Tsotsi The Villain who opposes or actively blocks the heros quest Tsotsi/Butcher The Donor who provides an object with magical properties The Mother The Dispatcher who sends the hero on his/her quest via a message Tsotsis Father The False Hero who disrupts the heros success by making false claims The Police The Helper who aids the hero Boston The Princess acts as the reward for the hero and the object of the villains plots Miriam The Father who acts to reward the hero for his effort The Babys Father All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 3. Tzvetan Todorov simplified the idea of narrative theory whilst also allowing a more complex interpretation of film texts with his theory of Equilibrium and Disequilibrium. The fictional environment begins with a state of equilibrium (everything is as it should be) It then suffers some disruption (disequilibrium) New equilibrium is produced at the end of the narrative All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 4. There are five stages the narrative can progress through: A state of equilibrium (all is as it should be) A disruption of that order by an event A recognition that the disorder has occurred An attempt to repair the damage of the disruption A return or restoration of a NEW equilibrium All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 5. Here narrative is not seen as a linear structure but a circular one. The narrative is driven by attempts to restore the equilibrium. However, the equilibrium attained at the end of the story is not identical to the initial equilibrium. Todorov argues that narrative involves a transformation. The characters or the situations are transformed through the progress of the disruption. The disruption itself usually takes place outside the normal social framework, outside the normal social events. All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 6. TASK: 1. Apply Todorovs theory to Tsotsi, does it conform? 2. Why do you think narratives follow these common patterns? 3. Can Propp & Todorovs theory be applied to The City of God and to what effect? All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 7. Injection & Rejection (Hypodermic needle Theory) AUDIENCE EFFECTS THEORY The idea is injected into the audience and it is immediately accepted and acted upon. It is often disregarded now as audiences are considered more sophisticated now, this can be because audiences are bombarded with more ideas now or that audiences were merely underestimated . All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 8. Passive Audience: Accept passively the ideas that they are sold to them through the media text in this case Tsotsi & City of God. They are the victims of the hypodermic needle theory. They are most likely to respond to a text by imitating the idea of judging themselves in comparison. The passive audience does not have to murder because they saw it on tv they may behave in a certain way because of what they have seen (not letting children play outside not going out at night in fear of being attacked) The passive audience accepts the stereotype and apply it without consideration. TASK: Using the theory of the Passive Audience what notions would a passive audience take from Tsotsi and City of God. How would they behave of they were to visit the areas? All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 9. Active Audience:They measure and mediate what they receive from a text they question the message! They know that a representation isnt necessarily a reality but a creation to either support the narrative or attract an audience Feelings are still provoked but acceptance is challenged. TASK: What messages would an active audience question in the films Tsotsi and City of God? All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 10. Audience Positioning The irony of Tsotsi is that the audience follow a thug who steals a baby form its mother and attacks his friends yet the audience like him and feel sympathy for him which goes against the audiences ideology . TASK: How has Hood positioned the audience in this way what narrative devices have been used? What is the audience positioning in City of God? What narrative devices does Meirelles use to create this positioning? All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 11. How is the culture represented in the film Tsotsi? You should consider: Challenges that world cinema poses for the audience and how this is overcome Directors intentions & Narrative theory Audience Positioning Use of micro elements and how they affect the macro elements All of you will be able to Explain audience and narrative theory with some brief examples of how it applies to Tsotsi (Grade D/E) Most of you will be able to explain how it does and does not apply and develop an argument (Grade B/C) Some of you will consider the Director's intentions against the two theories (Grade A/B) 12. Passive audience in Tsotsi (understand thecharacters) Why is Tsotsi involved in crime, the purpose of the flashback, why does he give himself up? Active audience in Tsotsi (Accept whats happening) Poor living conditions, crime, volience, death, rich and poor divide, Aids 13. Passive audience in COG Why does Little Ze enjoy killing others, howare the characters influenced in crime? Active audience Police, crime, poverty, power, death, conflict