Narinder Nayar_Urban Regeneration and City Competitiveness

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Panel 3 - UKP South Asia workshop

Transcript of Narinder Nayar_Urban Regeneration and City Competitiveness

LAUNCHING OF SOUTH ASIA REGION URBANIZATION KNOWLEDGE PLATFORM

Urban Regeneration & City Competitiveness

THE WORLD BANK

Narinder NayarChairman, Bombay First Colombo March 20-21, 2012

4/24/12

IMPORTANCE OF MUMBAI City of Gold

Big Advantage : Time Zone

Worlds 6th largest Metropolitan region .

Generates 38% of the countrys GDP and pays 40% of its taxes. Bombay Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in South Asia, the 12th largest in the world . Mumbai is home to countrys key financial regulators. Major hub of business, industry and services. 97% of foreign banks are located in Mumbai.

The Maximum City was in danger of losing its edge.Some factors contributing to the problem: Poor infrastructure and services. Inadequate investments. Lack of urban planning. Rapid increase in population. Out-of-date regulations on land use and rent control. Mushrooming of slums. High cost of living and doing business.

HEL P!

4/24/12

Bombay First

Stepped In

4/24/12

Bombay First

Established in 1995, Modelled on London First A Think Tank for the city

BOMBAY FIRST MissionBombay First is an initiative to make the city a better place to love, work and invest in. It aims to serve the city with the best that the private business can offer. IT will achieve this by addressing the problems of today and the opportunities of tomorrow, through partnerships with government, business and civil society.

The Vision

Transforming Mumbai into a world class with a vibrant economy and a globally comparable quality of life for its citizens

4/24/12

Vision Mumbai

4/24/12

Bombay First requested McKinsey to undertake a study on Mumbai and the problems the city faces Vision Mumbai This study proposes a

Key Findings

Mumbai economic growth rate down to 2.4% - lower than that of the State and the Country Population in excess of 13 million - Suffer from inadequate housing and public health / sanitation facilities Overloaded infrastructure inadequate water supply, roads, transport, waste disposal etc. adversely impacting Quality of Life - A classic case of Urban Decay

4/24/12

What followed the Vision Mumbai report:With active support from the Chief Minister

Formed a Task Force headed by Chief Secretary

Established a focal point in Mantralaya Secretary, Special Projects

Citizens Action Group (CAG) constituted by the Government and chaired by Chief Minister

Mumbai Development Fund (MDF) in principle was approved

4/24/12

Six sub-groups and a grand visionStrategic PlanningChaired by Mr. Narinder Nayar

Economic GrowthChaired by Mr. Anand Mahindra

HousingChaired by Mr. Deepak Parekh

Six main areas of transformation identified:

Governan ceChaired by Mr. Ranjit Pandit

Physical Infrastructure Social InfrastructureHealth & EducationChaired by Mr. F. C. Kohli Chaired by Mr. Naseer Munjee

4/24/12

Role of Bombay First

Bombay First through its Chairman & Governing Board participates actively in conceptualizing and formulating plans for the future.

Bombay First through the CAG provides a link with other NGOs and thus collects information about the citizens aspirations and expectations. It plays an active role in putting these across to the Authorities.

Bombay First through participation in the meetings of the Empowered Committee effectively conveys to the Government the views of the citizens and works as a sounding board. In turn the Empowered Committee attaches considerable importance to this PPP

4/24/12

Public Private PartnershipCitizens Action Group (CAG)Consists of 30 eminentcitizens from cross sections of society,Role and Objectives of Citizen Action group: To Function as an external monitoring mechanism and to complement and monitor the Government efforts. To Focus on the resources of civil society and on the objectives defined by Vision Mumbai Task Force. To generate energies, ideas, linkage, resources and Citizen Participation. To promote effective, responsive and proactive Governance in Mumbai. To continue functioning in a dynamic manner in accordance with the changing needs of Mumbai beyond Vision Mumbai. vBombay First to act as the Secretariat of CAG

Chaired by Chief Minister of Maharashtra Vice Chairman Narinder Nayar

To be managed by

citizens - self-driven and self-regulated - for membership and process

Bombay First to act as Empowered the Secretariat of CAG Committee (EC)

Chaired by Chief Secretary, Government of Maharashtra (includes8 other members from the Private sector)

Role and Objectives of Empowered Committee: To create a comprehensive multi-year plan for the transformation of Mumbai and Mumbai Metropolitan region. This plan should include all major development projects and policy changes. To take all the key policy and other decisions related to the plan of transformation of Mumbai To monitor all key initiatives for Mumbais transformation. The Committee will be empowered to decide on the financing model for key capital projects.. It is also authorized to decide on the selection of projects and funding under the Mumbai Development fund. An area identified as a major hurdle , in any delay in implementation of various projects along with lack of accountability. To overcome this, War Room was established under Chairmanship of the Chief Minister to monitor and review the implementation of various projects. 4/24/12

INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR MUMBAI TRANSFORMATIONPrime Ministers Office Govt. of Maharashtra Citizens Action Group (CAG) Empowered Committee (EC) Govt. departments and agencies Chaired by Chief Minister

Chaired by Chief Secretary

Secretary, Special Projects Mumbai Transformation Support Unit (MTSU)

1212 4/24/12

1

Partners in Transformation

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Major Challenges Identified

Planning Governance Implementa tion Housing Transport Climate Change Security

4/24/12

Challenges:q

Housing: 9 million live in slums. 300,000 migrants annually. 1 mn homes required. The population density is estimated to be about 22,000 persons per sq. km. No gardens and open spaces. Transport: Multiple agencies. 21st century traffic carried on 19th century infrastructure . Climate Change: Consequences not fully Realized. Battling the sea water rise. Planning: Lack of proper planning, ad hoc buildings constructed, no open spaces.

q

q o o

q

4/24/12 the city is open space VS the global standard of 2.5 %. 0.33% of

Governance : Mumbai is currently run by multiple agencies

4/24/12

Have an Orchestra but no Conductor

Problem of timely implementation of Major ProjectsBombay First proposed to set up a War Room

CM will need to Spend just 1 hour Every 15 days

A visual war-room housed at Mantralaya

Start with top 25 MMRprojects/ policies

Weekly/Monthly dashboards and updates to ministries/ agencies to debottleneck project implementation

Extend to thewhole state if applicable

4/24/12

Challenges of Security following 26/11

4/24/12

26/11

Challenges of Security following

Bombay First jointly with London First organized three international conferences:

Lessons from 9/11, 7/7 and 26/11 for Safer Cities -

White Paper 16th Jan. 2009

on Security

Secure London 6th July 2009 Megamorphosis Security & Resilience Summit

4/24/12

Bombay First Initiative: Security Training

Following on from the International Conferences Bombay First has worked closely with the Maharashtra Police and the London Police to arrange training programmes in Hostage Negotiation and Counter Terrorism. Installing 5000 CCTV cameras

4/24/12

If one does not know to which port one is sailing, no wind is favourable.

..Seneca

?

Where are we heading Where do we want to be by 2052

4/24/12

Unique Initiative - 40 year Concept PlanBombay First strongly advocated the need of a 40 year Concept Plan for the city of Mumbai. Government accepted the recommendation and International Consultants appointed and work commenced March 2010 and completed in September 2011

4/24/12

OVERALL CONCEPT STRATEGIES

TO FIND LAND FOR CITY CENTRE REDEVELOPMENT AND EXPANSION TO REVITALIZE THE CITY AND INTEGRATE SUBURBAN AREAS TO DECENTRALIZE DEVELOPMENT FROM GM BY IDENTIFYING LAND FOR CITY EXTENSION FOR CREATING INTEGRATED RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITIES TO DEVELOP TRANSPORTATION NETWORK AND LINKAGES WHICH STRENGTHEN THE POSITION OF MMR AS A GLOBAL FINANCIAL AND SERVICES CENTRE TO DISTRIBUTE BUSINESS AND EMPLOYMENT OPPURTUNITIES REGIONALLY TO INTEGRATE COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR A HEALTHY AND PLEASING ENVIRONMENT

4/24/12

Proposed Concept Plan 2052

4/24/12

Cost benefit Analysis CriteriaCreation of new land Bank Land Banking Cost(reclamation/land acquisition/Infrastructure

Option 14,200(island) USD 7.56bn(inland) USD 29.4 bn

Option 24,200 ha (CBD) USD 21.37 bn (reclamation) USD 294 bn USD 272.63 bn

Option 34,780 ha (CBD) USD24.86 bn (Reclamation) USD 334 bn USD309.14. bn

Land Yield (land value based on current land price)

Net Gain ( land value minus land/infra cost) USD 21.84 Other gains

City of Cities

Nil City of Connections

Connecting bridge Connecting bridge

City of Islands

4/24/12

WATER SUPPLY & FLOOD CONTROL - Proposed Mahim Barrage

4/24/12

Enlivening the magic of MumbaiHERITAGE RESTORATION