My MPEG life: MPEG-2, MPEG-4, H264/AVC and H.265/HEVC

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    21-Dec-2014
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    Technology

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(in Japanese), I was invited to a honorable speech hosted by Skyperfect TV. In that speech I'm recalling my life in MPEG. The topics cover mainly MPEG-4 and H.264.

Transcript of My MPEG life: MPEG-2, MPEG-4, H264/AVC and H.265/HEVC

  • 1. NTT! MPEG2,MPEG4,H.264/AVCH.265/HEVC. 1 MPEG Shall

2. 2 3. 16kbps 1 5.5 1.4Mbps 100 kbps 10 kbps 100 Mbps 1Gbps CD 256kbps VHS 30Mbps 1.5Mbps 100Mbps 4Mbps HDTV 30Mbps 1 4 1 20 1 25 1 40 CD 60kbps 3 4. 4 (Broadcasting Satellite) 27 1 1 1 6 30Mbps/ MPEG2 5Mbps/ 5Mbps/ 5Mbps/ 5Mbps/ 5Mbps/ 5Mbps/ 5. 10k 100k 1M 10M 176x144 () 320x240 (PC) 720x480/VGA (TV) 1920x1080 (HD) 3840x2160 (4K UHDTV) MPEG-2(1994) H .261 M PEG-1 (1992) H.263 MPEG-4(1999) H.264/AVC (2003) 100M ISDN SD / DVD (6M8M) HD / HD-DVD (20M28M) Blu-ray DVD H.265/HEVC (2013) 5 6. ISO/IEC JT1MPEG ! ! ! International Organization for Standardization ! ! International Electrotechnical Commission IEC ISO ! ! ! ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC 1 ISO/IEC JTC1 SC1 SC2 SC29 WG1(JPEG, JBIG) WG11(MPEG) WG12(MHEG) SC :Sub Committee, WG :Working Group, JPEG :Joint Photographic Coding Experts Group MHEG :Multimedia and Hypermedia Information Coding Experts Group MPEG :Moving Picture Experts Group 6 7. ISO/IEC ITU-T ISO/IEC ITU-T MPEG-1 MPEG-2 MPEG-4 Part2 H.261 H.262 H.263 H.26L Storage Media 1.5Mbps Generic 80Mbps Generic AV 10k40Mbps ISDN TV phone p64kbps B-ISDN Comm. 80Mbps PSTN TV Phone 28.8kbps Common Text 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Technically Aligned MPEG-4 Part10 H.264 20033 7 8. ! -ROM! ! ! H.264/AVC: ITU! H.265/HEVC! 8 9. H.261 (1998.11) 9 10. 2001 MPEG-4 Video 10 11. 2001 i-motion 11 12. MPEG-4 Simple Profile 352x288 15fps 96 Kbps 12 13. 2: : DCT : : : 13 14. 14 15. 15 16. DCT/ -- 16 17. : : 17 18. x x x 18 f(x) u u u F(u) 19. DCT 19 1DCT 2DCT 20. DCT(Artifact) 20 21. 21 22. ! / 22 23. 23 24. 64Kbps2Mbps 1.5Mbps 15MbpsTV 80MbpsHDTV 36028830 36028830 DCT DCT 132frame 1frame GOP 199012 199211 ISDN CDDAT H.261 MPEG1 MPEG2 72048030 HDTV DCT GOP / 199411 (DVD, ) H.261MPEG1MPEG2 24 25. I B B P B B P I : Intra ( P : Prediction ( B : Bi Prediction ( MPEG H.261 I P P P P P P 25 26. MPEG-4 VLBR Coding) ! MPEG-4! DCT MPEG1/230% 26 27. 27 28. 28 29. 29 30. ISO 30 31. Wavelet, 31 32. MPEG 32 33. 2001 ITU-T FDIS: 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 ITU-T (VCEG) ISO/IEC (MPEG) H.26L H.26L 1 MPEG-4 Part 2 Ver. 1 FDIS MPEG-4 Part 2 Ver. 2 FDIS `98/01 `99/10 `98/10 `99/11 `01/07 `01/12 `03/03 J V T H 2 6 4 / A V C 33 34. H.264/AVC MPEG-4 MPEG-4 MPEG-4 34 35. H.264 Baseline Profile 352x288 15fps 96 Kbps MPEG-4 Simple Profile 352x288 15fps 96 Kbps 35 36. Akiyo QCIF 15Hz Y-PSNR[dB] 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Bit-rate [kbit/s] 0 7.4 14.9 22.3 29.7 37.1 44.6 52 H.263-Base MPEG-4 SP H.264/AVC BP H.264/AVC Baseline Profile Codec MPEG-4 SP H.263 Baseline H.264/AVC Baseline 29.37% 40.59% MPEG-4 SP - 15.69% By courtesy of Heinrich Hertz Institute Berlin, Germany 36 37. H.264/AVC MPEG-4 2 MPEG-4 (Simple) H.264/AVC (Baseline) 16x16 8x82 16x164x4 7 1 5 14 1, 2, 416 8x8 (DCT) 4x4 * * H.264/AVC main 37 38. H.264/AVCHigh Profile (Primetime Emmy Engineering Awards) ITUISO/IEC (JVT9 ! EmmyThe Academy of Television Arts & Sciences 1996 ISO/IEC SC29 JPEG MPEG-1MPEG-2 50 Technology and Engineering Emmy Award (2008) 38 39. (2008.8.23 18:00-22:00) Renaissance Hollywood Hotel and Spa, SONY Thomson HHI Microsoft Motorola Docomo Dolby 200 39 40. 40 41. MPEG-2! RD! 1. N2. SP ! 41 42. H.264 42 43. 43 44. H.264H.265/HEVC 2003 2013 (2001) (2006) (2012) (2009) HEVC 10 3GPP Rel.12 () 2014/61998 H.265 HEVC 44 45. HEVC H.264 ITU-T/ISO ITU-TISO8JCT-VC*1 JCT-VCHEVCHEVC(/) HEVC(27) HEVC(HM) *1 Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding HEVC(JCT-VC) (HM) 20122011 2013201020092006-2008 1 HEVC 4K () () ITU-TISO JCT-VC 46. 46 47. 47 48. 48 0 10 0 011 49. - 7 - 49 50. 16x16 64x64 HEVCH.264 50 51. HEVC 51 Magica Quartet/Aniplex Madoka Partners MBS ANOHARA PROJECT iPhone6/6plus 14-159 SC-04F SH-04F F-05FSO-04F SO-03F F-06F SH-06F SO-05F SO-02G SC-01G SC-02GSO-01G F-02G SH-02G F-03GSH-01G SC-03G d HEVC 148 d HEVC iPhone FaceTime(TV)HEVC FaceTime 52. MPEG 52 53. H.266 ! to be continued?