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MusicStage 4

Unit 1 Why music?

MUAS S4(7) 44213

Centre for Learning Innovation

Number: 44213

Title: Why music?

This publication is copyright New South Wales Department of Education and Training (DET), however it may contain material from other sources which is not owned by DET. We would like to acknowledge the following people and organisations whose material has been used: Extracts from Music Syllabus Years 7-10 Board of Studies, NSW 2003 pp iii-iv Photograph of Mt Bosavi, PNG courtesy T Mamu, Seacology. (www.seacology.org) p5 Photograph of two women pounding rice courtesy Jim Henry, Northern Illinois University p5 Center for South East Asian Studies Photograph of The Sink www.mikropol.net/volume2/leak-g p 22 Photograph of a keyboard synthesizer www.musicalinstrumentgifts.com p 60 Photograph of two Senegalese children courtesy The Travel Clinic www.drwisetravel.com p 70 Photograph of Sundanese children Cooperative Baptists Fellowship www.thefellowship.info p 71 Photograph of an erhu www.chinesecultureonline.com p 87 Photograph of a bombo www.argentinaxplora.com p 87 Photograph of a tapan www.macedoniadirect.com p 87 Photograph of a rebab Maxwell Museum of Anthropolgy p 87 Quote James Horner www.backtotitanic.com/jameshorner.html p 103 Music score of theme from Gift of a Thistle James Horner pp 104, 139

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA Copyright Regulations 1969 WARNINGThis material has been reproduced and communicated to you on behalf of the New South Wales Department of Education and Training (Centre for Learning Innovation) pursuant to Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act). The material in this communication may be subject to copyright under the Act. Any further reproduction or communication of this material by you may be the subject of copyright protection under the Act.

CLI Project Team acknowledgement: Writer: Instructional designer: Editors: Illustrator: Music graphics: Desktop publishing: Audio recording: Margaret Bradley Margaret Benfield Peter de Vries, Wendy de Vries Jo Langley Wayne Richmond Margaret Benfield, Esta Tserpes Greg Parke, Rhys D. Webb (CD)

All reasonable efforts have been made to obtain copyright permissions. All claims will be settled in good faith. Published by Centre for Learning Innovation (CLI) 51 Wentworth Rd Strathfield NSW 2135 ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Copyright of this material is reserved to the Crown in the right of the State of New South Wales. Reproduction or transmittal in whole, or in part, other than in accordance with provisions of the Copyright Act, is prohibited without the written authority of the Centre for Learning Innovation (CLI). State of New South Wales, Department of Education and Training 2005.

Contents Unit 1Unit 1 overview .............................................................................. iiiOutcomes ............................................................................ iii Suggested time ................................................................... iv Resources and equipment ................................................... v Icons................................................................................... vii Glossary .............................................................................. ix

Soundscapes ..................................................................................1Responding to music............................................................1 Music and the environment ..................................................3 Documenting sounds ...........................................................9 Discover Composer Notes .................................................11

Kitchen sounds .............................................................................17Music with everyday objects ..............................................17 Rhythm adds variety ..........................................................26 Putting musical ideas together ...........................................29

Wade in the water ........................................................................31Melody................................................................................31 Finding your voice ..............................................................35 Singing a spiritual ..............................................................36 Singing in parts ..................................................................38

Body percussion...........................................................................43Making music .....................................................................43 Types of body percussion .................................................44 Body percussion rhythms ...................................................49 Pulse, tempo and meter .....................................................51Unit 1 Why music? i

Vocal and body percussion .......................................................53Sound colour ......................................................................53 The voice and rhythm.........................................................54 Improvising with your voice ................................................57 Lets move!.........................................................................59

Vocal styles ....................................................................................63Vocal mimics ......................................................................63 Organising vocal sounds ...................................................67 Vocal acrobatics .................................................................68 Vocal percussion ................................................................74 Musical texture ...................................................................76

Music and emotions ....................................................................79Express your feelings .........................................................79 Dealing with dynamics .......................................................82 Natural instruments ............................................................86 Classifying instruments ......................................................88 Sounds of the orchestra .....................................................89 Orchestral music ................................................................92 Structure in music ..............................................................95

Film music ......................................................................................99The strings .........................................................................99 The role of music in lm ...................................................100 James Horner...................................................................103 Ennio Morricone ...............................................................106

Suggested answers Unit 1...................................................109 Exercises Unit 1 ...................................................................... 117

ii

Unit 1 Why music?

Unit 1 overview

In this unit, Why music?, you will begin by exploring the sounds of the environment and the sound sources that exist around you. You will use your voice and body to make music and consider how music is used to express emotions and its importance in lms. You will also learn about the instruments of the orchestra. In each section, you will have the opportunity to explore Composer Notes, a computer resource about instruments and composing. You will also have the chance to develop concepts and skills you have studied by jamming along with a recorded backing track. Throughout this unit you will have the opportunity to: listen and respond to a diverse range of music perform music composed by other people compose and record your own music use your own ideas to play music explore activities on the Internet.

OutcomesBy completing the activities and exercises in this unit, you are working towards achieving the outcomes of the Music Years 710 syllabus as listed below. A student: 4.1 4.2 performs in a range of musical styles demonstrating an understanding of the musical concepts performs music using different forms of notation and different types of technology across a broad range of musical styles performs music demonstrating solo and/or ensemble awareness

4.3

Unit 1 Why music?

iii

4.4

demonstrates an understanding of musical concepts through exploring, experimenting, improvising, organising, arranging and composing notates compositions using traditional and/or nontraditional notation experiments with different forms of technology in the composition process demonstrates an understanding of the musical concepts through listening, observing, responding, discriminating, analysing, discussing and recording musical ideas demonstrates an understanding of musical concepts through aural identication and discussion of the features of a range of repertoire demonstrates musical literacy through the use of notation, terminology, and the reading and interpreting of scores used in the music selected for study identies the use of technology in the music selected for study, appropriate to the musical context demonstrates an appreciation, tolerance and respect for the aesthetic value of music as an artform demonstrates a developing condence and willingness to engage in performing, composing and listening experiences.Music Years 710 syllabus, June 2003 < http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/syllabus_sc/index.html#music> Board of Studies.

4.5 4.6 4.7

4.8

4.9

4.10 4.11 4.12

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Suggested timeThis unit has been written