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     Society for Research in Child Development and Wiley are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to

    Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development.

    http://www.jstor.org

    A Longitudinal Study of Moral Judgment

    Author(s): Anne Colby, Lawrence Kohlberg, John Gibbs, Marcus Lieberman, Kurt Fischer andHerbert D. Saltzstein Source: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Vol. 48, No. 1/2, A Longitudinal Study of Moral Judgment (1983), pp. 1-124 Published by: on behalf of theWiley Society for Research in Child Development Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1165935 Accessed: 21-01-2016 10:48 UTC

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    MONOGRAPHS

    OF

    THE

    SOCIETY FOR

    RESEARCH

    N

    CHILD

    DEVELOPMENT

    SERIAL NO. 200, VOL.

    48,

    NOS. 1-2

    A

    LONGITUDINAL

    TUDY

    OF MORALJUDGMENT

    ANNE

    COLBY

    RADCLIFFE

    COLLEGE

    LAWRENCE

    KOHLBERG

    HARVARD

    UNIVERSITY

    JOHNGIBBS

    OHIO

    STATE

    UNIVERSITY

    MARCUS

    LIEBERMAN

    HARVARD

    UNIVERSITY

    WITH

    COMMENTARIESY

    KURT

    ISCHER

    HERBERT. SALTZSTEIN

    AND

    REPLY Y

    LAWRENCE

    OHLBERG

    AND

    ANNE

    COLBY

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    MONOGRAPHS OF THE

    SOCIETY FOR

    RESEARCH

    IN

    CHILD

    DEVELOPMENT,

    SERIAL

    NO.

    200,

    VOL.

    48,

    NOS. 1-2

    CONTENTS

    I. INTRODUCTION

    1

    II. METHOD

    14

    III. RELIABILITY

    AND

    VALIDITY

    OF STANDARD ISSUE SCORING

    19

    IV.

    RESULTS

    28

    V.

    DISCUSSION

    57

    APPENDIX

    A

    77

    APPENDIX

    B

    85

    APPENDIX

    C

    87

    APPENDIX

    D

    90

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    3

    REFERENCES

    94

    ILLUMINATING

    THE

    PROCESSES OF

    MORAL

    DEVELOPMENT:

    COMMENTARY

    BY

    KURT W. FISCHER

    97

    CRITICAL ISSUES IN KOHLBERG'S THEORY OF

    MORAL

    REASONING:

    COMMENTARY

    BY

    HERBERT D. SALTZSTEIN

    108

    REPLY

    BY

    LAWRENCE

    KOHLBERG AND

    ANNE COLBY

    120

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    ABSTRACT

    COLBY,

    ANNE; KOHLBERG,

    LAWRENCE;

    GIBBS,

    JOHN;

    and

    LIEBERMAN,

    MARCUS.

    A

    Longitudinal

    tudy f

    Moral

    Judgment.

    ith

    Commentaries

    by

    KURT

    FISCHER

    nd

    HERBERTD.

    SALTZSTEIN;

    with

    eplyby

    AWRENCE

    KOHLBERG and

    ANNE COLBY.

    Monographs

    f

    the

    ocietyor

    Research

    in Child

    Development,

    983,

    48(1,

    Serial No.

    200).

    This

    paper

    presents

    he results fa

    20-year ongitudinal

    tudy

    fmoral

    judgment

    development.

    he

    study

    epresents

    n

    attempt

    o

    document he

    basic

    assumptions

    f

    Kohlberg's cognitive-developmental

    heory

    f

    moral

    judgment.

    Subjects

    were 58

    boys

    aged

    10,

    13,

    and 16

    at time 1

    and were

    approximately

    qually

    divided at each

    age

    by

    social class

    and sociometric

    status. ociometric

    nd socioeconomic

    roups

    were

    qualized

    for

    ntelligence.

    The

    study

    ncluded

    ix

    testing

    imes-the

    original

    nterview

    nd

    five

    ollow-

    up

    interviewsdministeredt

    3-4-year

    ntervals.At

    each

    testing

    ime

    sub-

    jects were individuallynterviewed n theirudgments bout nine hypo-

    thetical

    moral dilemmas. nterviews

    were

    stage

    scored

    according

    o

    Forms

    A,

    B,

    and C

    of

    the Standard

    ssue

    Scoring

    Manual. All

    scoring

    was

    done

    blind

    by

    individualdilemma. Data

    are

    presented

    n

    test-retest,

    lternate

    form,

    nd

    interrater

    eliability

    or

    Standard ssue

    Scoring.

    Validity

    of the

    instrument

    s

    discussed.

    It was

    found hat

    ubjects

    proceeded

    hrough

    he

    developmental

    tages

    in

    the

    hypothesized equence.

    No

    subject

    kipped

    stage

    n

    the

    sequence

    and

    only

    4%

    (6)

    of

    the

    adjacent

    testing

    imes

    showed

    downward

    stage

    change.Thispercentagewaslessthandownward hangeontest-retestata.

    Moral

    udgment

    nterviewslso showed

    high

    degree

    f

    nternal

    onsistency

    in

    stage

    scores

    ssigned

    with

    the

    great

    majority

    f

    the

    interviews

    eceiving

    all

    their

    scores at

    two

    adjacent

    stages.

    Factor

    analyses

    by

    dilemma

    and

    moral

    ssue

    showed

    single

    general

    moral

    tage

    factor.

    Moral

    judgment

    was

    found o

    be

    positively

    orrelated

    with

    ge,

    socio-

    economic

    tatus,

    Q,

    and

    education.

    Stage

    scores

    n

    childhood

    were

    signifi-

    cantly

    orrelatedwith

    dulthood

    cores.

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    COLBY ET AL.

    The results

    f this

    study

    were

    interpreted

    s

    being

    consistent ith

    a

    cognitive-developmental

    tage

    model.

    Subjects

    seemed

    to

    use

    a

    coherent

    structuralrientationn thinkingbout a variety fmoraldilemmas. heir

    thinking

    eveloped

    n a

    regular

    equence

    of

    tages,

    neither

    kipping

    stage

    nor

    reverting

    o use of

    prior

    tage.

    The

    Standard ssue

    Scoring

    ystem

    was

    found

    o

    be

    reliable,

    nd it was

    concluded hat t

    provides

    valid

    measure

    of

    Kohlberg's

    moral

    udgment

    tages.

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    I.

    INTRODUCTION

    This