Miss Blackmore's DME Presentation!

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Decision Making Exercise for OCR C Bristol Project

Transcript of Miss Blackmore's DME Presentation!

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeThis booklet is designed to be used alongside the resource booklet that you will have in the exam (you have a photocopied version). It will be used in lesson time to prepare you as much as possible for the expectations of the real exam. Name: Based on resources shared at www.sln.org.uk/geography 1

  • List the land uses shown on Resource 1a:

    Usinghttp://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/urbanrural/urbanpatternsmedcrev2.shtml and with reference to Resource 1a describe...Why CBDs are located centrally?

    The features of a typical UK CBD

    TEST YOURSELF AT: http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/quizengine?quiz=urbanpatternsmedctest&templateStyle=geographyWhat do city centres look like? 2008 Okehampton College1233

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeRefer to Resource 1bhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bid_rent_theoryhttp://www.answers.com/topic/bid-rent-theoryExplain the bid-rent curve

    4Resource 1b is entitled Land values across a British city pre-1970s. In the space below, draw the graph for a British city in 2008:Explain the graph that you have drawn


  • List the problems shown on Resource 2:

    Usinghttp://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/urbanrural/urbanissuesmedcrev1.shtml and with reference to Resource 2, describe the contributory factors of:Transport Congestion

    Housing Demand (Brownfield vs Greenfield sites)

    Spatial Inequalities (services rich/poor)

    Counter-urbanisation (the outward movement of people and services)

    2008 Okehampton College123457

  • Spatial Inequalities (services rich/poor)

    With specific reference to Resource 2, explain how this is an example of a downward spiral?

    TEST YOURSELF AT: http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/quizengine?quiz=urbanissuesmedctest&templateStyle=geographyCREATING SUSTAINABLE CITIES IN MEDCS

    Many people are working towards trying to make cities more sustainable. A sustainable city offers a good quality of life to current residents but doesn't reduce the opportunities for future residents to enjoy a good quality of life. A sustainable city will grow at a sustainable rate and use resources in a sustainable way.

    Key features of a sustainable city resources and services in the city are accessible to all public transport is seen as a vehicle alternative to cars public transport is safe and reliable walking and cycling is safe areas of open space are safe, accessible and enjoyable wherever possible, renewable resources are used instead of non-renewable resources waste is seen as a resource and recycled wherever possible new homes are energy efficient there is access to affordable housing community links are strong and communities work together to deal with issues such as crime and security cultural and social amenities are accessible to all inward investment is made to the CBD

    Think of the town or city you live in, or a city that is near where you live. Could it be more sustainable?Do people walk, cycle or use public transport rather than cars? Are there enough safe open spaces, services and cultural amenities for everyone? Is there enough investment in the city centre? Is there a strong sense of community? Is waste recycled? Is there affordable housing for everyone? Are homes energy-efficient? Do they use renewable energy? 2008 Okehampton College678

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeExtension Task: Could Exeter be described as a vibrant hub? Use map evidence in your answer. Add named examples from the local area to the spider diagram on page .9

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeAn out of town shopping centre is a large group of shops built either on a site on the edge of the urban area or on the site of a former large industrial area. Such centres usually have large car parks, a pedestrianised and air-conditioned environment.Resource 3 & 4Use resource 3 to plot the locations of the out of town shopping centres with a BLUE circle.1Plot the following cities with a RED triangle.NewcastleSheffieldGlasgowLondonManchesterEdinburghBirminghamBristolLeeds210

  • What do most of these sites have in common?

    2008 Okehampton College Match the out of town shopping centre with its site.MetrocentreAgricultural land (farm)BluewaterSteel worksMerry HillHeavy IndustryLakesideWaterfront industryMeadowhallSewage worksTrafford CentreChalk quarryCribbs CausewayShip canal docksBraeheadSteel worksWhite Rose CentreChalk quarry34Explain the advantages of the location of out of town shopping centres for businesses.

    5Look at Resource 4 Annotate this image with reasons why Oxford Street, a city centre shopping centre, is not in the top ten shopping centres.611

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeLook at the views on shopping malls. List those people for and those against shopping malls.8Use the information in resources 3 and 4 to explain why office developments are being located next to out of town shops at Solstice Park.9Rank the advantages of shopping malls with the most important for you at the top and the least important at the bottom. Compare your list with the person next to you.



  • Which of these sites, A, B or C, would be the best location for an out of town AB retail and office development? Give reasons for your choice.9Useful resources:BBC Bitesize website, page 4 of urban renewal (Merry Hill).http://www.solsticepark.com/ 2008 Okehampton College13

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeHow sustainable are out of town shopping centres?The top five shopping centres in Britain in terms of profitability per square metre (i.e. they make the most money) are all out of town malls.There are lots of reasons why these malls are so attractive to businesses, entertainment and people but what problems have they caused? Why are they not sustainable?Use Resources 3 to 5 in your booklet to complete the following table.Imagine you are each of these stakeholders. What problems might the out of town shopping centres cause for you?14

    StakeholdersWhy is an out of town shopping centre not a sustainable option for you?Socially sustainableEconomically sustainableEnvironmentally sustainableA pensioner without a car

    A shopkeeper in the nearby High Street

    An environmentalist

    A small cinema owner in the nearby town

    A resident in the rural-urban fringe near to the out of town shopping centreA mother with two small children who lives in the nearby town

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeCity centres vs out of town shopping centresOrganise the statements above into the following table.15

    Good public transport links.Higher rates of pollution.High Crime Rate.Limited open space.Shops spread out.Low crime rates.Pay for parking and limited space for parking.Free parking. Limited opening hours.Good disabled access.Higher number of empty shops and office spaces.Longer opening hours.Smaller shop spaces.Good access to main roads.Pedestrianised areas.Landscaped grounds with room for expansion.Smaller range of goods.Larger shop space.Traffic congestion. Many different facilities under one roof e.g. Food court and cinema.

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeThe effects of building out of town shopping centresResource 5Complete the table1Describe the changes in the type of shops found in Dudley high street

    Which groups of people are likely to still be shopping in the town centre?


    Shops which left Dudley town centreShops which replaced them

  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeHow will they benefit from these changes?

    What are the disadvantages of these changes for them?

    Which of the following stakeholders, would be in favour of the development of out-of-town shops and why?families who own a cartown councilRetail companies like TescoEnvironmentalistsbuilding contractorslocal farmersState two stakeholders (other than shoppers) who would be against out-of-town developments and give reasons for your choice.


  • 2008 Okehampton CollegeRead the article The Doughnut Effect from The Economist newspaper and answer the following questions. 1. a) Note the date of the article b) check what has happened to the Bull Ring since the article was published: c) has it re-opened yet?d) is it populare) has the new Bull Ring development solved any problems? 2. a) What is the doughnut effect? b) How is the doughnut effect different from the donut effect? c) Are any differences between the two effects important? 3. Describe the Urban village effect discussed in the article, in your own words. 4. Brindley Place is mentioned in the article: what is this development and determine whether it is important for your DME. 5. What is reverse commuting and how might it be important for town planners to know and understand what it is? 6. a)How have the inner suburbs been left behind in the rush to improve the inner city areas, according to the article? b) If the inner suburbs have been left behind as the article suggests, what does that tell us about town planning in Britain in the late 20th century and early 21st century? 7. Now put the article from The Economist by the side of the resources in your booklet and see how they might be linked: review your answers to the first 7 questions on this worksheet and make sure you understand how they either can be or cannot be applied to the case of Bristol as well as to Birmingham or anywhere else in Britain for that matter e.g. Liverpool. Higher Tier ExtensionAnswer these questions in your notes section at the back of the booklet.Resource 619

  • 2008 Okehampton College THE huge, red fronted Mailbox building just off Birmingham's city centre was built in the 1970s as the country's largest mail-sorting office. It was also probably one of the ugliest buildings anywhe